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5 Correlations and creating short‐range order

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter deals with the simulation of short range ordered crystals. Correlations are introduced as a convenient way to describe short-range order (SRO). The most common way to create structures ... More


10 Analysing disordered structures

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter addresses the question of how to visualize a large disordered structure and how to extract information describing the disorder from a large model crystal. Topics include the ... More


SUMMARY OF PARAMETRIC IMAGE REGISTRATION

Jan Modersitzki

in Numerical Methods for Image Registration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528418
eISBN:
9780191713583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter summarizes the techniques discussed so far in this book. The techniques are all based on the minimization of a certain distance measure, and the distance measure is based on image ... More


 The Folk Theorem with Perfect Monitoring

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents and proves the folk theorem for games of perfect monitoring. The chapter first proves the folk theorem for two players with public correlation and pure-action individual ... More


Probability and Statistical Distributions

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews notation and basic concepts in probability and statistics. The coverage of various topics cannot be complete, and it is aimed at concepts needed to understand material covered in ... More


Causal Learning

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter offers a selection of theories of causal learning. Some of the theories come out of psychology, while others come out of rational analyses of causal learning. All tend to focus on how ... More


Causality and Multi‐Level Selection

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes the causal dimension to multi-level selection theory. Particular attention is paid to the idea that direct selection at one hierarchical level may generate, as a side effect, a ... More


Measuring Corporate Default Risk

Darrell Duffie

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199279234
eISBN:
9780191728419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279234.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book addresses the empirical estimation of corporate default risk. The book addresses the measurement of corporate default risk based on the empirical estimation of default intensity processes, ... More


Corruption and Development

Jean-Jacques Laffont

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay explores why corruption is so widespread in developing countries. It is organized into three sections. The first section argues that a theory of corruption is needed in order to answer ... More


Correlations in networks

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the simplest correlations in complex networks and explains their nature. It focuses on the correlations between the degrees of the nearest neighbours. The inevitable presence ... More


A study of geographical correlations in China

R. Peto, J. Chen, T. C. Campbell, J. Li, J. Boreham, Z. Feng, and L. Youngman

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes a geographical correlation study involving age-standardized mortality rates from almost 100 separate causes or groups of causes in sixty-five rural counties in China, plus a ... More


Morpheme-Based Templates

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter argues for a morpheme-based alternative to the version of the Generalized Template Theory (GTT) of prosodic morpheme shapes critiqued in Chapter 2. In this approach (MBT), canonical ... More


 The Iron Rod and the Liahona: Authority and Radical Freedom

Terryl C. Givens

in People of Paradox: A History of Mormon Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167115
eISBN:
9780199785599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167115.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Mormon church is authoritarian, hierarchical, and rigid. Priesthood correlation and obedience are watchwords. Politics and individualism can collide. The Prophet is absolute spiritual leader. ... More


Toward an Associative Theory of Television Music

Ron Rodman

in Tuning In: American Narrative Television Music

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195340242
eISBN:
9780199863778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340242.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, American

Chapter 1 formulates a semiotic theory of television music based on Charles Peirce's theory as transmitted through John Fiske and his “codes of television” model. Fiske's televisual levels of ... More


Three More Paradigms and Transducer Functions

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter continues Chapter 9's description of identification experiments by describing three more paradigms: simple detection and identification; the 2x2 paradigm; and concurrent identification. ... More


High Dimension Dynamic Correlations

Robert F. Engle

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter develops time series methods for forecasting correlations in high dimensional problems. The Dynamic Conditional Correlation model is given a new convenient estimation approach called the ... More


Linking binocular images

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 2 Stereoscopic Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764150
eISBN:
9780199949366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764150.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

The first task in binocular vision is to link the image in one eye with that in the other eye. The chapter starts with a discussion of how the visual system detects the interocular correlation ... More


The psychophysical primitive

Donald Laming

in The Measurement of Sensation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523420
eISBN:
9780191712425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523420.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Suppose that the comparison of one stimulus with its predecessor is little better than ordinal, admitting at most five categories of judgment — five, because the accuracy of absolute identification ... More


The Role of Variability in Populations of Spiking Neurons

Brent Doiron

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

In many brain areas neural response is significantly variable across repeated presentations of a stimulus. Typically, response variability limits coding performance; however we discuss various ... More


Judging relations between sensations

Donald Laming

in The Measurement of Sensation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523420
eISBN:
9780191712425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523420.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Magnitude estimation experiments show only that equal ratios of physical magnitudes are subjectively equivalent — so it may be that participants are actually judging the ratio between pairs of ... More


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