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Interhemispheric transfer following partial commissurotomy in humans and monkeys

Madeline J. Eacott

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The size and prominent position of the corpus callosum in the brain led to it being one of the earliest structures to be investigated. While much progress has been made since that time in ... More


Cingulum Bundle

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the results of the investigation of the cingulum bundle (CB) of rhesus monkey brains. The observations regarding the location and course of the CB are in general agreement with ... More


Roger W. Sperry and Rita Levi-Montalcini: From Neural Growth to “Split Brains”

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Roger W. Sperry earned a reputation for his ability to design critical experiments that demanded looking at the growing and functioning nervous system in new ways. Sperry's most important discoveries ... More


Visual integration in callosal agenesis

Malcolm A. Jeeves

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter focuses on the one aspect of cognitive functioning in callosal agenesis that has received most attention from neuropsychologists. The research to be reviewed addresses not only questions ... More


What Is Callosal Plasticity?

Berlucchi Giovanni

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter reviews the specific plasticity of the corpus callosum. The compensatory effects of callosal plasticity in partial and total callosal agenesis are explained. It shows that the corpus ... More


Corpus Callosum: Mike Gazzaniga, the Cal Tech Lab, and Subsequent Research on the Corpus Callosum

Mitchell Glickstein and Giovanni Berlucchi

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter, the authors pay tribute to Mike Gazzaniga, who graduated from Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, and pioneered human split-brain research along with Roger W. Sperry and ... More


Recording Fibers in the Cat Corpus Callosum

David H. Hubel

in Brain and Visual Perception: The Story of a 25-year Collaboration

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176186
eISBN:
9780199847013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176186.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter presents a paper entitled “Cortical and Callosal Connections Concerned with the Vertical Meridian of Visual Fields in the Cat”. The study made simultaneous recordings from visual areas ... More


The decline of diagrams

in Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In the middle of the twentieth century Liepmann’s theories of apraxia lost their dominance. Alternative theories of apraxia were influenced by the ‘holistic’ doctrine which denied the validity of ... More


The Unity Puzzle

Elizabeth Schechter

in Self-Consciousness and "Split" Brains: The Minds' I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809654
eISBN:
9780191846922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809654.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the major philosophical debate about the split-brain phenomenon. Split-brain surgery severs the major white matter fiber tract connecting the two cerebral hemispheres. A ... More


The development of sexually dimorphic behaviour

Alan F. Dixson

in Primate Sexuality: Comparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199544646
eISBN:
9780191810022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the function of hormones in determining sexually dimorphic behaviour development in male and female primates during foetal development, infancy, and puberty. It presents the ... More


The Rise of Endothermy: Mammals, but also Birds

Georg F. Striedter and R. Glenn Northcutt

in Brains Through Time: A Natural History of Vertebrates

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780195125689
eISBN:
9780190081461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195125689.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mammals and birds exhibit many examples of convergent evolution, including endothermy and related traits that helped them survive the end-Cretaceous mass extinction. The subsequent diversification of ... More


Brain modularity: towards a philosophy of conscious experience

Michael S. Gazzaniga

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter deals with functional neurological models as the brain basis of consciousness. Here, the chapter asks whether there is anything about brain organization that tells about consciousness. ... More


Mike’s Attentional Network

Alan Kingstone

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0072
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the attentional mechanism of the disconnected hemispheres. Jeffrey D. Holtzman, who conducted numerous attention studies on split-brain patients, found that a common ... More


Sea Bridges and Selves

Thomas Harrison

in Of Bridges: A Poetic and Philosophical Account

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226735290
eISBN:
9780226735320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226735320.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The politically contested spaces of the Mediterranean come alive in “Dora Markus,” a poem by Eugenio Montale about failed homelands and the eternal migration of identity itself. Resisted by Italian ... More


Associations between prenatal stress, anxiety and depression and child behavioural and cognitive development. Is it causal?

Vivette Glover and Thomas G. O’Connor

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0024
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

I (V.G.) first got to know Channi at the inaugural Indian Biological Psychiatry meeting In Bombay over 20 years ago. I was working on monoamine oxidase at the time. It was my first trip to India ... More


Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Georg Goldenberg

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The concept of apraxia was shaped by the German psychiatrist Hugo Liepmann some 100 years ago. He suggested that fibers connecting posterior brain regions to the motor cortex are the anatomical ... More


Dyslexia, specific language impairment, and auditory processing disorder

Jos Eggerrmont

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Developmental dyslexia is defined as a specific and significant impairment in reading ability that cannot be explained by lower intelligence, learning opportunity, motivation or visual acuity. ... More


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