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Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Michael Marmot and Paul Elliott (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide affecting millions of people in both developed and developing countries. The dual aims of this book are to review the well-established ... More


Coronary heart disease

Adam S. Butterworth, Julian P. T. Higgins, Nadeem Sarwar, and John Danesh

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Coronary heart disease (CHD) — which includes myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, and stenosis of the coronary arteries — is the leading cause of death worldwide, with over 7 million deaths per ... More


The developmental origins of coronary heart disease

D. J. P. Barker

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the developmental origins of coronary heart disease. The recent discovery that people who develop coronary heart disease (CHD) grew differently to other people during fetal ... More


Pre-adult influences on cardiovascular disease

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A growing body of research has highlighted the potential role of pre-adult influences that may operate through different life course models. Until recently, much of this evidence has been relatively ... More


Risk factors in the elderly

J. G. van der Bom and D. E. Grobbee

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses atherosclerosis and other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. It considers findings from studies on serum cholesterol, blood pressure, smoking, and type 2 ... More


Contributions to change: treatment

H. Tunstall-Pedoe

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0050
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the impact of treatment on cardiovascular disease. It argues that for the first two decades of the last half century, it is unlikely that treatment had much impact on coronary ... More


Dietary Policy, Controversy, and Proof: Doing Something versus Waiting for the Definitive Evidence

Karin Garrety

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.19
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The view that a healthy diet was low in fats and high in carbohydrates became mainstream and widely accepted during the second half of the 20th century. But discussions about diet, disease, and ... More


Chronic infection and circulating markers of inflammation

P. Whincup and J. Danesh

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a critical review of the available epidemiological and clinical evidence on CHD and markers of persistent infection and of inflammation. Epidemiological and clinical data on ... More


Prevention of coronary heart disease: findings from the Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals’ Follow-up Study

F. B. Hu and W. C. Willett

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the contributions of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals' Follow-up Study (HPFS) to the nutritional epidemiology of coronary heart disease (CHD). Compelling ... More


The secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease

S. S. Anand, E. Lonn, and S. Yusuf

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0045
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Observational studies and clinical trials have shown that lower levels of risk factors in patients with established cardiovascular disease (CVD) can substantially reduce their risk of suffering ... More


Health and the psychosocial environment at work

Michael Marmot and Richard G. Wilkinson

in Social Determinants of Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198565895
eISBN:
9780191723988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565895.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A number of different diseases have been related to psychosocial conditions in the workplace, most notably coronary heart disease (CHD), musculoskeletal disorders, and mental illness. This chapter ... More


Established major coronary risk factors: historical overview

J. Stamler

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a historical overview of research on the six established major risk factors for coronary heart disease: adverse diet, diet-related above-optimal levels of serum total ... More


Life-course approaches to socio-economic differentials in cause-specific adult mortality

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that socio-economic position at different stages of the life course can influence particular conditions in particular ways. Two conditions — stroke and stomach cancer — seem ... More


The epidemiology of sleep and cardiovascular risk and disease

F.P. Cappuccio and M.A. Miller

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the wealth of recent evidence to support the epidemiological link between quantity of sleep (short and long duration of sleep) and quality of sleep (like difficulties in ... More


Risk scores for management and prevention of cardiovascular disease

D. A. Wood and K. Kotseva

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0040
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses risk scores for cardiovascular disease. Topics covered include the concept of cardiovascular risk, CVD prevention strategies and absolute multifactorial risk, advantages and ... More


Current status: six established major risk factors – and low risk

J. Stamler, J. D. Neaton, D. B. Garside, and M. L. Daviglus

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter has two interrelated purposes: to update information on the six established major coronary heart disease–cardiovascular disease (CHD–CVD) risk factors, their impact and importance, ... More


Physical Activity Versus Heart Attack: a Modern Epidemic: Personal Observations

Jerry Morris

in Epidemiologic Methods in Physical Activity Studies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195183009
eISBN:
9780199865116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183009.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a historical perspective: it represents the personal observations of Professor Jerry Morris, describing the circumstances and reasoning behind initial investigations of a link ... More


Antioxidants and cardiovascular disease

E. R. Miller III and L. J. Appel

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Antioxidant vitamin supplements are regularly consumed by over one-third of all adults in the United States. While the health benefits of vitamin supplements are unproven, many lay persons and health ... More


Gene–environment interaction in coronary artery disease: apolipoprotein E and smoking and the interleukin-6 gene and inflammation as examples

S. E. Humphries

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0032
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses gene-environment interaction in coronary artery disease (CAD). Topics covered include risk factors for CAD, apolipoprotein E and effect on lipid levels and coronary heart ... More


Linkages Between Facial Expressions of Anger and Transient Myocardial Ischemia in Men with Coronary Artery Disease

Erika L. Rosenberg, Paul Ekman, Wei Jiang, Michael Babyak, R. Edward Coleman, Michael Hanson, Christopher OʼConnor, Robert Waugh, and James A. Blumenthal

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines linkages between spontaneous facial expressions of emotion and ischemia and examines the relative contributions of hostility and anger to a coronary heart disease-relevant ... More


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