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Democracy

Alvin I. Goldman

in Knowledge in a Social World

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238201
eISBN:
9780191597527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238207.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Epistemic theories of democracy suggest that a prime virtue of democracy is the prospect of making good decisions by utilizing the collective knowledge of the electorate. This chapter argues that ... More


Clever eyes and stupid hands:: Current thoughts on why dissociations of apparent knowledge occur on solidity tasks

Nathalia L. Gjersoe and Bruce M. Hood

in The Origins of Object Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216895
eISBN:
9780191696039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216895.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The authors in this chapter outline some of the major theoretical standpoints why dissociations between different measures occur in developing populations. Core knowledge regarding the solidity of ... More


Object representation as a central issue in cognitive science

Laurie R. Santos and Bruce M. Hood

in The Origins of Object Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216895
eISBN:
9780191696039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216895.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter, the authors discuss some of the most relevant historical works on object representation to have emerged from developmental and comparative research. The authors focus on: the ... More


Input and output

Anat Ninio

in Syntactic development, its input and output

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565962
eISBN:
9780191725616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565962.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the syntactic patterns specific to the Anglo-Saxon verbal vocabulary in endstate English, including periphrastic constructions for tense, aspect, questioning and negation, and ... More


Curriculum Matters: Structure, Content, and Psychological Literacy

Dana S. Dunn, Robin L. Cautin, and Regan A. R. Gurung

in The Psychologically Literate Citizen: Foundations and Global Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794942
eISBN:
9780199914500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794942.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Psychology differs from many other disciplines in that students can readily connect course material to their own lives (Goldstein, 2010). This distinction is at the root of the idea of psychological ... More


Core Social Cognition

Emily P. Bernier, Elizabeth S. Spelke and Amy E. Skerry

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Research on human infants and young children has provided evidence for five systems of core knowledge: knowledge of objects and their motions; of agents and their goal-directed actions; of number and ... More


Origins and Development

Henry M. Wellman

in Making Minds: How Theory of Mind Develops

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199334919
eISBN:
9780190207472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334919.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

How do infant and childhood theory-of-mind research and developments fit together? More generally, how does early infant understanding (origins) relate to later cognitive acquisitions (development)? ... More


Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change: A Perspective on Social Cognition

Elizabeth S. Spelke

in Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467630
eISBN:
9780190611965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467630.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Two hallmarks of human cognitive development are (a) that concepts appear to get more powerful over human development and human history, and (b) that these changes appear to involve learning. But how ... More


Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

David Barner and Andrew Scott Baron (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467630
eISBN:
9780190611965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467630.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Only humans learn concepts like atom, integer, and democracy. But by all appearances, these abstract ideas are not present in the initial human state when babies are born. Other concepts like object, ... More


The Evolution of Concepts About Agents

Robert M. Seyfarth and Dorothy L. Cheney

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Infants begin life with several “core” systems of knowledge, each specialized for representing and reasoning about entities of different kinds. Three core systems have been widely discussed: one that ... More


An Introduction to Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

David Barner and Andrew Scott Baron

in Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467630
eISBN:
9780190611965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467630.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of the book as well as an introduction to the book’s topic, core knowledge and conceptual change. It describes three themes in the book: 1) The essential and unique ... More


Innateness Stories

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Innate knowledge—the possibility that certain notions might be inborn in us simply because we are humans—has been the topic of endless controversy throughout our intellectual history. This chapter ... More


The Tempest Is Brewing

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Why are people biased against innate knowledge? We first review several previous proposals; each of these theories has merits, but they cannot explain the results from the previous chapter. We thus ... More


Why It All Matters

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

It appears that the Ancient Greeks were right in their fear of blindness, caves, and shadows. We are indeed blind, or at the very least, seriously nearsighted. And all these errors in our ... More


Introduction: Theory of Mind, Development, and Foundational Human Cognition

Henry M. Wellman

in Making Minds: How Theory of Mind Develops

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199334919
eISBN:
9780190207472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334919.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Building on The Child’s Theory of Mind (Wellman, 1990), this book provides a comprehensive sequel. Since 1990, the importance of theory of mind has become widely accepted and its nature widely ... More


How Numbers Are Like the Earth (and Unlike Faces, Loitering, or Knitting)

Barbara W. Sarnecka

in Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467630
eISBN:
9780190611965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467630.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Different kinds of knowledge are acquired in different ways. This chapter considers four kinds of knowledge: (1) core knowledge, which is implicit, nonlinguistic, and learned easily and ... More


Know Thyself

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Remy, the Harvard Humanities cat, spends his days amidst Harvard’s academic towers, blissfully oblivious to his intellectual surroundings. It is obvious to us that Remy suffers certain cognitive ... More


A Perfect Storm

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Having named the storm makers (the twin principles of Dualism and Essentialism) and described their distractive potential, Chapter 8 moves to track the two forces in action in a laboratory setting. ... More


Object and Number

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

To put our antinativist intuitions in perspective, the next three chapters examine in greater detail whether some aspects of knowledge are in fact innate. Chapter 3 reviews infants’ early ... More


The Social World

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides a very brief overview of the social capacities of young infants. Specifically, we the author ask whether infants instinctively know that (human) agents are distinct from ... More


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