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How Technological Competencies Help Define the Core (Not the Boundaries) of the Firm

Pari Patel and Keith Pavitt

in The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248544
eISBN:
9780191596155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248540.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter studies technological capabilities across around 400 of the world's largest technologically active firms, as measured by their patenting activities. There found a robust evidence of ... More


The Unfulfilled Promise of Corporate Philanthropy

Thomas W. Dunfee

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Rejecting Milton Friedman's classic position, this chapter develops an account of corporate philanthropy as a legitimate corporate activity. The author evaluates arguments for and against the view ... More


Promoting Social Justice Through Public Health Policies, Programs, And Services

Alonzo Plough

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses promoting social justice through public health policies, programs, and services. It describes public health agencies and social justice and the roles that they can play in ... More


A Brief History of Business Strategy

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter describes the evolution of business strategy. It begins with the 1960s perspective in which strategy was largely equated with corporate planning; the 1970s see an emphasis on ... More


Architecture

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

‘Architecture’ is introduced as the first of the three primary sources of distinctive capabilities and it refers to a network of relationship contracts within, or around, the firm. It can be ... More


The Strategic Audit

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces the concept of the strategic audit. This begins with the identification of the company's distinctive capabilities and the subsequent selection of markets that can make the ... More


A New Look at General Education

Joshua Fost

in Building the Intentional University: Minerva and the Future of Higher Education

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262037150
eISBN:
9780262343695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037150.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

I summarize our general education model, compare it with other popular approaches, and discuss our approach to common challenges. All students complete the same four freshman seminars; each lasts the ... More


The Context for Strategic Decision-Making

Greg Fisher, John E. Wisneski, and Rene M. Bakker

in Strategy in 3D: Essential Tools to Diagnose, Decide, and Deliver

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190081478
eISBN:
9780197521847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190081478.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Strategic management does not exist in a vacuum; strategic decisions are strongly influenced by, and often dependent on, certain organizational and environmental attributes. This chapter discusses ... More


Reputation

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The second primary distinctive capability is ‘Reputation’, as it is the most important commercial mechanism for conveying information. Reputation can be costly to build, yet once established, it can ... More


Contracts or Relationships

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

“Architecture” is introduced as the basis of competitive advantage for many companies. It refers to a network of relationship contracts within, or around, the firm. It can be sub‐divided into ... More


Sustainability

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Case studies and statistical evidence are used in order to show that many companies are successful in building sustainable competitive advantage using their distinctive capabilities. However, ... More


Innovation

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The final primary distinctive capability is ‘Innovation’. However, firms may often fail to secure the returns from innovation for themselves. In this context, the chapter analyses the problems of ... More


The Structure of Strategy

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The successful strategy of a firm originates in the requisite match between its internal capabilities and its external relationships. This is the basis of its ability to add value, i.e. to create an ... More


Competitive Advantage

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Using the example of six British supermarket chains, competitive advantage is explained and quantified. When there is no explicit comparator, competitive advantage can be measured in relation to the ... More


The Varieties of African Leadership

Robert I. Rotberg

in Things Come Together: Africans Achieving Greatness in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190942540
eISBN:
9780190942571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190942540.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

The political leaders of Africa come in all sizes, shapes, and persuasions. There are liberal democratic heads of state and heads of government, presidents and prime ministers; elected democratic ... More


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