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Two Institutional Changes

Tetsuro Toya and Jennifer Amyx

in The Political Economy of the Japanese Financial Big Bang: Institutional Change in Finance and Public Policymaking

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199292394
eISBN:
9780191603525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199292396.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter situates the Big Bang within broader financial sector developments and in the political economy in general. It uses the framework of ‘institutional change’ introduced in Chapter 3 to ... More


Of another shipwreck that happened later in the same year as the previous one but with not such happy outcome as was related above.

Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo

in Misfortunes and Shipwrecks in the Seas of the Indies, Islands, and Mainland of the Ocean Sea (1513–1548): Book Fifty of the 'General and Natural History of the Indies'

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035406
eISBN:
9780813038377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035406.003.0030
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Three caravels departed Puerto Rico in May 1548. The largest vessel of 130 tons burthen was the Sancti Spíritus and was the flagship of the convoy. The smallest of the three ships, whose master was ... More


of two ships coming from spain to this island of Hispaniola; and the one two days ahead of the other was shipwrecked, the people aboard marooned on a deserted islet; and how two days later the second ship ran aground and sank upright on another nearby low-lying islet; and how miraculously the second ship was refloated and collected [317] the people from the first lost ship and came to this city of santo domingo, where the ship was repaired and returned to spain.

Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo

in Misfortunes and Shipwrecks in the Seas of the Indies, Islands, and Mainland of the Ocean Sea (1513–1548): Book Fifty of the 'General and Natural History of the Indies'

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035406
eISBN:
9780813038377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035406.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

In 1523, a convoy of two ships sailed from Spain to Santo Domingo. The captain and master of one was Francisco Vara, a resident of Triana, and the captain of the other was Diego Sánchez Colchero, ... More


Patrons or Predators? Foreign Servicemen, Technology, and Art within Official Soviet Cultural Identity 1941–45

Timothy Johnston

in Being Soviet: Identity, Rumour, and Everyday Life under Stalin 1939–1953

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604036
eISBN:
9780191731600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604036.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

During the Great Patriotic War the officially sponsored identity of Soviet civilization shifted to embrace foreign films, jazz, and science. Lend Lease presented a challenge to the Soviet government: ... More


The Army-Navy Contest for Control of Land-Based Antisubmarine Aviation and the Military Unification Debate, 1942–1948

George H. Monahan

in The Sea and the Second World War: Maritime Aspects of a Global Conflict

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781949668049
eISBN:
9781949668056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9781949668049.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

In this chapter, George H. Monahan discusses the success of the German U-boat offensive in the Western Atlantic after the U.S. entry into World War II, which led the War Department leadership to ... More


“The Next Step”

Daniel F. Harrington

in Berlin on the Brink: The Blockade, the Airlift, and the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813136134
eISBN:
9780813136837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136134.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Western powers had to decide their next step; Chapter 6 describes their deliberations. Long-term prospects appeared bleak: sooner or later the Western powers would have to abandon the city to ... More


The Spanish Convoy of 1750: Heaven's Hammer and International Diplomacy

James A. Lewis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033587
eISBN:
9780813038629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033587.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Underwater Archaeology

Spanish flotas (convoys) traversed the Atlantic throughout the colonial period, shuttling men and goods between the Old and New Worlds. In August 1750, at the height of hurricane season, a small ... More


Probability Multiplication as a New Principle in Psychophysics

Michael Morgan, Charles Chubb, and Joshua Solomon

in Seeing Spatial Form

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195172881
eISBN:
9780199847570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172881.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a general look at the presence of psychophysics in opponent Reichardt detectors and coincidence detectors. Beginning with motion, evidence can be initially seen for a ... More


An Old French Trilogy: Texts from the William of Orange Cycle

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813066462
eISBN:
9780813058634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066462.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This book provides a modern English translation of three Old French epic poems devoted to the exploits of the legendary William of Orange. The Coronation of Louis, The Convoy to Nîmes, and The ... More


Feeding the Fortress: Malta, Summer 1942

Thomas Scheben

in El Alamein and the Struggle for North Africa: International Perspectives from the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9789774165818
eISBN:
9781617971297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165818.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

how did the population of the small but strategically important island in mid-Mediterranean manage to hold-out under conditions of siege and near starvation? This chapter is an account of the trials ... More


Staying Afloat: Risk and Uncertainty in Spanish Atlantic World Trade, 1760-1820

Jeremy Baskes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785426
eISBN:
9780804786355
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785426.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Early modern, long-distance trade was fraught with risk and uncertainty, driving merchants to seek means to reduce them. In the traditional historiography on Spanish colonial trade, the role of risk ... More


Economics, Warfare, and the Sea, c.1650–1945

Stephen Conway

in Economic Warfare and the Sea Research in Maritime History No. 55: Grand Strategies for Maritime Powers, 1650–1945

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781789621594
eISBN:
9781800341166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789621594.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter ranges over the full period considered in the book to exemplify a number of central themes in the relationship between economic activity and naval warfare. It looks particularly at the ... More


Convoys and Companies: Privatising Economic Warfare at Sea in the Dutch Republic, 1580–1800

Erik Odegard

in Economic Warfare and the Sea: Grand Strategies for Maritime Powers, c. 1600-1945

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781789621594
eISBN:
9781800341166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789621594.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

When the Dutch Republic and Habsburg Spain went to war again in 1621, the Dutch were confronted by a well-run campaign against its trade and fisheries mainly operating out of Dunkirk. This chapter ... More


The Achievement and Cost of the British Convoy System, 1803–1815

Roger Knight

in Economic Warfare and the Sea: Grand Strategies for Maritime Powers, c. 1600-1945

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781789621594
eISBN:
9781800341166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789621594.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

The combination of British blockade and convoys has been seen as comfortably defeating Napoleon’s economic warfare strategy, principally his Continental System after 1807. Trade and military convoys ... More


Hong Kong under the Japanese Occupation, 1942–1945

Kwong Chi Man and Tsoi Yiu Lun

in Eastern Fortress: A Military History of Hong Kong, 1840-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9789888208708
eISBN:
9789888313457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208708.003.0009
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter deals with the period of Japanese occupation and the Japanese attempt to use Hong Kong as a shipping hub to support their war effort. The Anglo-Chinese underground resistance such as the ... More


In the Imperial Russian Army, 1901–1904

Anita Shapira

in Yosef Haim Brenner: A Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804785273
eISBN:
9780804793131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785273.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter describes Brenner's service in the tsar's army for two-and-a-quarter years, his innocence and naïvety, and his being taken advantage of by his more brutal and conniving comrades. During ... More


The Pertinence of the Past in Computing the Future

Elting E. Morison

in Men, Machines, and Modern Times

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262529310
eISBN:
9780262336581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529310.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the pertinence of the past, or “what possible use is there in history,” in computing the future. It begins with a brief account of a situation that occurred in March 1943, when ... More


The Institutions of Trade and the Reduction of Market Risk: The Convoy System

Jeremy Baskes

in Staying Afloat: Risk and Uncertainty in Spanish Atlantic World Trade, 1760-1820

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785426
eISBN:
9780804786355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785426.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter presents a revisionist explanation for the Spanish flota (carrera de indias) universally depicted by historians as a monopolistic trade system that generated excessive profits to the ... More


Trade in War and Peace

Jeremy Baskes

in Staying Afloat: Risk and Uncertainty in Spanish Atlantic World Trade, 1760-1820

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785426
eISBN:
9780804786355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785426.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter 6 explores the effects of war on Spanish transatlantic commerce, focusing especially on the American Revolutionary War and the wars of the French Revolution and Napoleon. War had profound ... More


“A Most Disagreeable Problem”: British Perceptions of the Kriegsmarine’s Aircraft Carrier Capability

Marcus Faulkner

in Decision in the Atlantic: The Allies and the Longest Campaign of the Second World War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781949668001
eISBN:
9781949668018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9781949668001.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

In the vast literature concerning the German attack on Allied maritime communications in the Atlantic theater during the Second World War, one particular factor has received little to no ... More


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