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A Theory of Exit Options, Boundary Building, and Political Structuring

Stefano Bartolini

in Restructuring Europe: Centre Formation, System Building, and Political Structuring between the Nation State and the European Union

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286430
eISBN:
9780191603242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286434.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This first chapter sketches the elements of a theory of voice structuring under different conditions of territorial confinement of actors and resources. Using Hirschman and Rokkan’s work, the chapter ... More


Russia: Globalization, Structural Shifts and Inequality

Alexander Vorobyov and Stanislav Zhukov

in External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

By introducing convertibility of the national currency and liberalizing both current and capital accounts of her balance of payments, Russia fully exposed herself to globalization. In this chapter, a ... More


Sudden Stops, the Real Exchange Rate, and Fiscal Sustainability: Argentina's Lessons

Guillermo A. Calvo, Alejandro Izquierdo, and Ernesto Talvi

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Argentina’s vulnerability to Sudden Stops in capital flows provides an alternative explanation for the fall of Argentina’s Convertibility Program. Sudden Stops are typically accompanied by a ... More


Factor Shares and Resource Booms: Accounting for the Evolution of Venezuelan Inequality

Francisco RodrÍguez

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the second of five country case studies on income inequality, and shows that income inequality in Venezuela has significantly worsened during the past 27 years; in particular, the worsening ... More


The Convertibility Crisis and its Aftermath

L. V. SCOTT

in Conscription and the Attlee Governments: The Politics and Policy of National Service 1945–1951

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204213
eISBN:
9780191676154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204213.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter discusses the convertibility crisis that arose as the international situation was becoming clearer and Cold War divisions sharper, and even though the American commitment to Western ... More


A Short History of the Washington Consensus 1

John Williamson

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter traces the origin of the term ‘Washington Consensus’ to a paper written for a conference in 1989 that aimed to explore how the set of ideas accepted as a basis for policy in developing ... More


Argentina

Luigi Manzetti

in Privatization South American Style

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294665
eISBN:
9780191685064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294665.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter discusses the actions of President Carlos Menem, the winner of the May 1989 Argentinean polls, in turning around the economy of Argentina through the establishment of a free market and ... More


Introduction: The Condition of England

PHILIP CONNELL

in Romanticism, Economics and the Question of ‘Culture’

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199282050
eISBN:
9780191714221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282050.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This book looks at the long-standing, and often belligerent, disagreements over the nature and function of political economy, the most influential and controversial science of society in 19th-century ... More


Labour’s High Noon 1945–1947

Kenneth O Morgan

in The People’s Peace: British History 1945-1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198227649
eISBN:
9780191678769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227649.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter relates the role and influence of the Labour Party in post-war Britain's development. Recovery from substantial losses in overseas investments and domestic industry disruptions took ... More


The Start of a Panic

Gary B. Gorton and Ellis W. Tallman

in Fighting Financial Crises: Learning from the Past

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226479514
eISBN:
9780226479651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226479651.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The start of a financial crisis is chaotic and it initially is not clear that the events constitute a crisis. If there are bank runs, banks suspend convertibility, that is they do not honor demands ... More


What the New York Clearing House Did during National Banking Era Panics

Gary B. Gorton and Ellis W. Tallman

in Fighting Financial Crises: Learning from the Past

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226479514
eISBN:
9780226479651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226479651.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

With the start of a panic the clearing house took two actions. First, individual member banks were instructed to stop publishing the information normally required to be published in a newspaper, ... More


Currency Boards in Retrospect and Prospect

Holger C. Wolf, Atish R. Ghosh, Helge Berger, and Anne-Marie Gulde

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232654
eISBN:
9780262286411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232654.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Currency boards, more so than other exchange rate regimes, have come in and out of fashion. Defined by a fixed exchange rate with full convertibility, central bank liabilities backed with foreign ... More


International Borrowing and Macroeconomic Performance in Argentina

Kathryn M. E. Dominguez and Linda L. Tesar

in Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices, and Consequences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226184975
eISBN:
9780226184999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226184999.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter investigates the evolution of capital flows and macroeconomic performance in Argentina from the adoption of the Convertibility Plan in 1991 until the collapse of the pegged exchange rate ... More


Capital Flows and Controls in Brazil: What Have We Learned?

Ilan Goldfajn and André Minella

in Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices, and Consequences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226184975
eISBN:
9780226184999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226184999.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter reviews Brazil's experience with capital controls. In spite of the significant progress in terms of capital account liberalization and currency convertibility attained since the early ... More


Conquering the Fear of Freedom: Japanese Exchange Rate Policy since 1945

Shinji Takagi

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198714651
eISBN:
9780191782893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714651.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This book presents an analytical review of Japanese exchange rate policy from the end of World War II to the present—how authorities, starting from imposing draconian controls over all international ... More


Crises and Crescendo, 1694–1825

Ranald C. Michie

in British Banking: Continuity and Change from 1694 to the Present

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198727361
eISBN:
9780191793516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727361.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The Bank of England was formed in 1694 and until 1825 possessed a monopoly of joint-stock banking in England and Wales though not in Scotland and Ireland. That influenced the pattern of banking ... More


Foreign Accessibility Restrictions

G. Andrew Karolyi

in Cracking the Emerging Markets Enigma

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199336623
eISBN:
9780190232047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199336623.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the constraints imposed on the flow of foreign capital that could supplant the underfunding of potential growth opportunities by local capital. This fundamental risk indicator ... More


Achieving Current Account Convertibility: 1949–64

Shinji Takagi

in Conquering the Fear of Freedom: Japanese Exchange Rate Policy since 1945

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198714651
eISBN:
9780191782893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714651.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 2 reviews Japan’s restrictive system of trade and payments—how it worked and how it was liberalized. The restrictive system was not only conceived as a mechanism to conserve scarce foreign ... More


Currency Concepts

Eswar S. Prasad

in Gaining Currency: The Rise of the Renminbi

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190631055
eISBN:
9780190631086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190631055.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter provides an analytical foundation for a discussion of currency concepts. It describes terms such as capital account convertibility, exchange rate flexibility, and purchasing power ... More


Internationalization

Herman W. Hoen

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0055
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines internationalization, which is always seen as essential in fostering a country’s long-term economic growth. Based on the concept of comparative advantages, cross-border trade of ... More


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