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After Expulsion: 1492 and the Making of Sephardic Jewry

Jonathan S. Ray

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729113
eISBN:
9780814729120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729113.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

On August 3, 1492, the same day that Columbus set sail from Spain, the long and glorious history of that nation's Jewish community officially came to a close. The expulsion of Europe's last major ... More


A Question of Identity: Iberian Conversos in Historical Perspective

Renee Levine Melammed

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195170719
eISBN:
9780199835416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195170717.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The riots of 1391 in Spain triggered a series of developments that would change the course of Jewish history as well as of Spanish history. Spanish society was not willing to accept the large group ... More


From Crypto-Jews to Crypto-Judaism

Byron L. Sherwin

in Faith Finding Meaning: A Theology of Judaism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195336238
eISBN:
9780199868520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336238.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In the seventeenth-century, Baruch Spinoza began a campaign to discredit theology in general and Jewish theology in particular. By the dawn of the twenty-first century sociological data confirmed the ... More


 “Offering Incense to Heaven”: Jewish Circumcision in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The traditional Jewish circumcision rite, created during the medieval period but preserved today by many Orthodox Jews, emphasizes bloodshed, sacrifice, and sexual purity. Medieval Jewish ... More


Introduction

Renee Levine Melammed

in A Question of Identity: Iberian Conversos in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195170719
eISBN:
9780199835416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195170717.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Spanish Jewry was adept at adapting over the centuries to the changes in rule, from Visigoth to Muslim and finally to the Catholic reconquest. Nevertheless, the riots of 1391 and the forced ... More


Jews and Conversas: The First Century of Crypto-Judaism

Renée Levine Melammed

in Heretics or Daughters of Israel?: The Crypto-Jewish Women of Castile

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151671
eISBN:
9780199849215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151671.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

On March 31, 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel signed the infamous edict declaring the expulsion of “Jews and Jeweses” of all the kingdoms. The Edict of Expulsion emphasized the belief that ... More


Messianic Turmoil circa 1500

Renée Levine Melammed

in Heretics or Daughters of Israel?: The Crypto-Jewish Women of Castile

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151671
eISBN:
9780199849215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151671.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the appearances of a number of visionaries of Jewish ancestry claiming to be prophets bearing a message of salvation that was specifically directed at the conversos. The ... More


Outcasts

Kaspar Von Greyerz and Thomas Dunlap

in Religion and Culture in Early Modern Europe, 1500–1800

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327656
eISBN:
9780199851478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327656.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

There were two currents that developed in different ways, when dividing Jewish history of the early modern era (1500–1800) into periods: Sephardic Judaism (Spanish–Portuguese in origin), and ... More


The Anxiety of Sameness In Early Modern Spain

Christina H. Lee

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784991203
eISBN:
9781526104021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784991203.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book explores the Spanish elite’s fixation on social and racial “passing” and “passers” as represented in a wide range of texts produced in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It examines ... More


Spotting Converso blood in official and unofficial discourses

Christina H. Lee

in The Anxiety of Sameness In Early Modern Spain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784991203
eISBN:
9781526104021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784991203.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In “Chapter Three,” Lee studies texts that convey the notion that if armed with knowledge about the distinguishing features of Conversos, Old Christians could become proficient at identifying even ... More


The unmasking of Conversos in popular and literary texts

Christina H. Lee

in The Anxiety of Sameness In Early Modern Spain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784991203
eISBN:
9781526104021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784991203.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In “Chapter Four,” Lee analyzes popular songs, anecdotes, aphorisms, and jokes that were invested in perpetuating the image of Conversos as essentially greedy, non-pork-eating Jews. She examines the ... More


Introduction

Christina H. Lee

in The Anxiety of Sameness In Early Modern Spain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784991203
eISBN:
9781526104021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784991203.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In the “Introduction,” Lee provides the theoretical framework of her book, which is founded on the notion that all textual production—literary and documentary—are valid in understanding the early ... More


Jewish Life in Amsterdam and the Formation of the Western Sephardi Diaspora 1579–1700

Jane S. Gerber

in Cities of Splendour in the Shaping of Sephardi History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781904113300
eISBN:
9781800343276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113300.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter illustrates a twofold journey of Conversos, a physical trek northward to freedom and a spiritual journey to the practice of Judaism, throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. ... More


From Windfall to Fall: The Conversos in the Society of Jesus

Marc Rastoin, S.J.

in Friends on the Way: Jesuits Encounter Contemporary Judaism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228119
eISBN:
9780823236985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228119.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the Society of Jesus' acceptance of recruits from Jewish origin or the so-called conversos prior to 1593. This tolerance ended at the Fifth General Congregation in 1593 due to ... More


Setting the Scene

Tirtsah Levie Bernfeld

in Poverty and Welfare Among the Portuguese Jews in Early Modern Amsterdam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113577
eISBN:
9781800340435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113577.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter provides a background of the arrival of the Portuguese Jews in Amsterdam in the 1850s and how they created out of nothing a Jewish community that quickly became renowned across the ... More


Duran

Menachem Kellner

in Dogma in Medieval Jewish Thought: From Maimonides to Abravanel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113218
eISBN:
9781800340374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113218.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter takes a look at Rabbi Shimon ben Ẓemaḥ Duran (1361–1444). Duran was one of the leading halakhists of the fifteenth century and his responsa are an important source of information ... More


Does Gender Matter?: Locating Women in European Jewish History

Paula E. Hyman

in Rethinking European Jewish History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113560
eISBN:
9781800342651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113560.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter probes the significant contributions to the understanding of the past, which postmodern criticism that has attributed vital importance to women as a historical subject and to gender as a ... More


Jewish Cultural History in Early Modern Europe: An Agenda for Future Study

David B. Ruderman

in Rethinking European Jewish History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113560
eISBN:
9781800342651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113560.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the innovative call of Jonathan Israel to recognize an 'early modern age' in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century European Jewish history. It provides a useful survey of the ... More


Spanish ‘Judaism’ and ‘Christianity’ in an Age of Mass Conversion

David Nirenberg

in Rethinking European Jewish History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113560
eISBN:
9781800342651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113560.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter proposes to enrich a 'genealogical' approach to determine the religious identity in fifteenth-century Spain that had a 'dialogical' perspective and accompanied the traumatic events of ... More


The Social Context of Apostasy among Fifteenth-Century Spanish Jewry: The Dynamics of a New Religious Borderland

Ram Ben-Shalom

in Rethinking European Jewish History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113560
eISBN:
9781800342651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113560.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter seeks to ground individual expressions of the new rhetoric in concrete details of the social context of apostasy that spawned it. It discusses how Jews and the Conversos engaged in the ... More


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