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An Introduction to Conventional Truth

Guy Newland and Tom Tillemans

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The two truths (satyadvaya), conventional and ultimate, originated as a construct for reconciling scriptural statements; conventional truths were taken as a skillful method (upāyakauśalya) leading to ... More


Taking Conventional Truth Seriously: Authority regarding Deceptive Reality

Jay L. Garfield

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Mādhyamika philosophers in India and Tibet distinguish between two truths—the conventional and the ultimate. It is difficult, however, to say in what sense conventional truth is indeed a truth as ... More


Identifying the Object of Negation and the Status of Conventional Truth: Why the dGag Bya Matters So Much to Tibetan Mādhyamikas

Jay L. Garfield and Sonam Thakchöe

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Tibetan Mādhyamikas devote considerable attention to debates concerning the object of negation (Tib. dgag bya) in deconstructive Madhyamaka analysis. This chapter argues that this attention is ... More


Weighing the Butter, Levels of Explanation, and Falsification: Models of the Conventional in Tsongkhapa’s Account of Madhyamaka

Guy Martin Newland

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Emptiness is understood via analysis interrogating how things ultimately exist––usually leaving the conventional as nonanalytical. However, for Tsongkhapa (1357–1419), knowledge arising from ... More


Prāsaṅgika Epistemology in Context

Sonam Thakchöe

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Some argue that a Prāsaṅgika Mādhyamika is committed to rejecting all epistemic instruments (pramāṇa) because they reject intrinsic natures (svabhāva) and intrinsic characteristics (svalakṣaṇa). This ... More


Zen and the Unsayable

Chris Mortensen

in Pointing at the Moon: Buddhism, Logic, Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381559
eISBN:
9780199869244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381559.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter explores the limits of the sayable in the context of Zen stories, arguing that the very fact that Zen addresses our mode of prereflective engagement with the world—a mode of engagement ... More


Is Everything Connected to Everything Else? What the Gopīs Know

Mark Siderits

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

From the Madhyamaka claim that nothing has intrinsic nature it follows that nothing could be ultimately real. It is sometimes said to be a further consequence of emptiness that conventionally real ... More


Conventional Truth and Intentionality in the Work of Dharmakīrti

Laura Guerrero

in The Moon Points Back

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226862
eISBN:
9780190226893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226862.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Conventional truth describes things as delivered by ordinary experience; ultimate truth captures the way that things are independent of our interests, practices, and cognitive faculties. It is ... More


Buddhist Ethics in the Context of Conventional Truth: Path and Transformation

Jay L. Garfield

in Moonpaths: Ethics and Emptiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190260507
eISBN:
9780190260538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260507.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter argues that there is no special problem in Buddhist ethics. Instead of solving a problem about ethics in the context of conventional truth, it seeks to eliminate an apparent problem. It ... More


Diamond Slivers: A Rejoinder to Taktsang LotsawaPurchok Ngawang Jampa

The Yakherds

in Knowing Illusion: Bringing a Tibetan Debate into Contemporary Discourse: Volume II: Translations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197603673
eISBN:
9780197603710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197603673.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The focus of this chapter is Purchok Ngawang Jampa’s response to Taktsang, Diamond Slivers: A Rejoinder to Taktsang Lotsawa. We begin with a biographical sketch of Purchok’s life and times, followed ... More


The Dismal Slough

Koji Tanaka

in Moonpaths: Ethics and Emptiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190260507
eISBN:
9780190260538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260507.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The book Moonshadows investigated the nature of Madhyamaka ethics. Specifically, it examined the nature of Madhyamaka ethics in the context of conventional truths, and identified a problem with ... More


And So On

Graham Priest

in The Fifth Corner of Four: An Essay on Buddhist Metaphysics and the Catuskoti

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198758716
eISBN:
9780191818639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758716.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Sanlun thinker Jizang constructed a hierarchy of ultimate and conventional truths by alternately applying the third and fourth corners of the cateṣkoṭi. This chapter discusses the significance of ... More


The Two Truths

Nicolas Bommarito

in Seeing Clearly: A Buddhist Guide to Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190887506
eISBN:
9780190092559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190887506.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes the two truths. Buddhists care deeply about getting at the truth and as a result have thought a lot about what truth is. One of the most important philosophical ideas to emerge ... More


How Does Merely Conventional Karma Work?

Guy Newland

in Moonpaths: Ethics and Emptiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190260507
eISBN:
9780190260538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260507.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter attempts to make sense of karma within a Madhyamaka conception of conventional truth, focusing on the tradition running from Nāgārjuna through Candrakīrti to Tsongkhapa. It begins by ... More


Living Selflessly

Nicolas Bommarito

in Seeing Clearly: A Buddhist Guide to Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190887506
eISBN:
9780190092559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190887506.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter details how the two truths and emptiness hold the key to living a more compassionate and engaged life. First, it is worth reflecting on the importance of conventions: Conventional truths ... More


Non-Self II

Mark Siderits

in How Things Are: An Introduction to Buddhist Metaphysics

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197606902
eISBN:
9780197606940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197606902.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The second of two chapters on the central Buddhist thesis of non-self, this chapter explores the Buddhist claim that the person, as the mereological sum of a causal series of sets of psychophysical ... More


Epilogue: Love After Death

Sarah H. Jacoby

in Love and Liberation: Autobiographical Writings of the Tibetan Buddhist Visionary Sera Khandro

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147682
eISBN:
9780231519533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147682.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter narrates the events following Drimé Özer's death, in order to describe how Sera Khandro's love for her guru prevails over death. After his death, a ḍākinī consoled Sera ... More


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