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The Dynamic Control of Human Actions

Florian Waszak, Anne Springer, and Wolfgang Prinz

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Human action serves two complementary purposes. On the one hand, actions are meant to achieve desired effects in the environment. On the other hand, people act as a consequence of external events, ... More


Agency and Luck

Joseph Raz

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An examination of Williams account of agent-regret leads to its supplementation, and to an explanation of why we are attached to, and responsible for, some of our actions even when we do not control ... More


Action and Motivation: The Impetus for, and Enactment of, Agile Thinking

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter further broadens the scope of our window into agile thinking beyond that of the representational world of memory, categorization, and concepts (the focus of Chapters 2 and 3), and beyond ... More


Neural Bases of Actions and Habits

John P. O’Doherty and Bernard W. Balleine

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Considerable evidence suggests that the behavioral mechanisms for instrumental action selection are mediated by two distinct learning processes: a goal-directed process whereby actions are selected ... More


Understanding Free Will and Consciousness on the Basis of Current Research Findings in Psychology

Roy F. Baumeister

in Free Will and Consciousness: How Might They Work?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195389760
eISBN:
9780199863341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389760.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter takes the view that consciousness and free will are real and effective phenomena. Empirical findings in psychology are used to understand how they function. Free will is said to be a ... More


How People Act and React

Roy F. Baumeister

in The Cultural Animal: Human Nature, Meaning, and Social Life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195167030
eISBN:
9780199894147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167030.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on action control. It argues that we should understand the human being as having a behavior system, which the cognitive, emotional and motivational systems may or may not ... More


Motivational Modulation of Action Control: How Interindividual Variability May Shed Light on the Motivation-Control Interface and Its Neurocognitive Mechanisms

K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Michael X Cohen, and Birte U. Forstmann

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the concepts of motivation, action control, and individual differences. It also elaborates on the processes and neural bases of online action control and illustrates the ... More


Grounding Attention in Action Control: The Intentional Control of Selection

Bernhard Hommel

in Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013840
eISBN:
9780262269438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter challenges the assumption of attention functioning as a means of preventing consciousness from getting overloaded, and also challenges the assumption of any relationships between ... More


Action Science: Foundations of an Emerging Discipline

Wolfgang Prinz, Miriam Beisert, and Arvid Herwig (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018555
eISBN:
9780262312974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018555.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The emerging field of action science is characterized by a diversity of theoretical and methodological approaches which share the basic functional belief that evolution has optimized cognitive ... More


The Control of the Unwanted

Peter M. Gollwitzer, Ute C. Boyer, and Kathleen C. McCulloch

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Intentions to do more good and less bad are reliably associated with actual efforts in the intended directions. However, the link between intention and behavior is modest, largely due to the fact ... More


The Three Pillars of Volition: Phenomenal States, Ideomotor Processing, and the Skeletal Muscle System

Ezequiel Morsella, Tanaz Molapour, and Margaret T. Lynn

in Agency and Joint Attention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199988341
eISBN:
9780199346295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988341.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter tackles the problem of volition from an inductive (instead of deductive) and descriptive (instead of normative) approach. In this “bottom-up” approach, a distinction is made between the ... More


Action Control by If-Then Planning: Explicating the Mechanisms of Strategic Automaticity in Regard to Objective and Subjective Agency

Torsten Martiny-Huenger, Sarah E. Martiny, and Peter M. Gollwitzer

in The Sense of Agency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190267278
eISBN:
9780190267308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190267278.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explicates the mechanisms of if-then planning (i.e. implementation intentions), namely, how verbal action planning leads to subsequent stimulus-driven action control—a mechanism referred ... More


Action Control by Implementation Intentions: The Role of Discrete Emotions

Sam J. Maglio, Peter M. Gollwitzer, and Gabriele Oettingen

in Decomposing the Will

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199746996
eISBN:
9780199332502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746996.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If-then planning switches action control from goal-guided to stimulus-triggered action control. After reviewing the effects and mechanisms of planning in promoting goal attainment, this chapter ... More


Emotional behaviour and the scope of belief-desire explanation

FINN SPICER

in Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528975
eISBN:
9780191689604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528975.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter investigates the idea that the role of emotions in individual psychology is to be explained by their relation to beliefs. It notes that an influential view in the philosophy of ... More


Affective Determinants of Health Behavior

David M. Williams, Ryan E. Rhodes, and Mark T. Conner (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190499037
eISBN:
9780190881375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499037.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

In the last twenty to thirty years, research on affective determinants of health behavior has proliferated. For the first time, this burgeoning area of research is reviewed and discussed in a single ... More


Prelude: A Double Inheritance, a Single Question

Jan Lauwereyns

in The Anatomy of Bias: How Neural Circuits Weigh the Options

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262123105
eISBN:
9780262277990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262123105.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book identifies the term bias as a core concept to the study of the neural basis of action control and myriad forms of decision making. This helps researchers to understand neurons' contribution ... More


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