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Ontogeny, Autism, Empathy, and Evolution

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A wide variety of well-studied phenomena associated with mindreading are surveyed to probe the consistency of what is known about them with our version of simulation theory. These phenomena include ... More


Free Will and the Control of Action

Henry L Roediger, III, Michael K Goode, and Franklin M Zaromb

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Empirical study of free will is directly related to the study of the control of human behavior. This chapter discusses four cognitive research paradigms, as well as their implications for the study ... More


Autonomy and Control in Children’s Interactions with Imaginary Companions

MARJORIE TAYLOR, STEPHANIE M. CARLSON, and ALISON B. SHAWBER

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses children’s private role play with imaginary companions and playmates which the children created and interacted with and/or talked about regularly. Although imaginary companions ... More


Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

John Baer, James C. Kaufman, and Roy F. Baumeister (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Do people have free will, or is universal belief an illusion? If free will is more than an illusion, what kind of free will do people have? How can free will influence behavior? Can free will be ... More


Remembering

Andrew P. Yonelinas, Martin A. Conway, Asher Koriat, and Suparna Rajaram

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents four chapters on the concept of remembering. The first chapter discusses the definition and measurement of remembering. The second considers the process and experience of ... More


Control of Cognition

David Kieras

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Cognitive architectures are the current form of the traditional computer metaphor in which human cognition is analyzed in information-processing terms. This chapter uses a radically updated version ... More


Steel: Nucor, Tokyo Steel, Nippon Steel

William V. Rapp

in Information Technology Strategies: How Leading Firms use IT to gain an Advantage

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195148138
eISBN:
9780199849376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148138.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Although steel no longer plays as big a part as it used to in today's global economy, it remains a fundamental yet very heterogeneous commodity as it comes in several different types and its ... More


Graphical and Statistical Methods

William R. Nugent

in Analyzing Single System Design Data

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195369625
eISBN:
9780199865208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369625.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter a number of methods that make use of both graphical procedures and statistical methods are described and illustrated. Methods such as trend lines, median lines, and graphical ... More


The Process of Management Control at Valleyco

Rick Delbridge

in Life on the Line in Contemporary Manufacturing: The Workplace Experience of Lean Production and the `Japanese' Model

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292333
eISBN:
9780191684906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292333.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This chapter describes the process of management control at the Valleyco plant. In contrast to the situation at Nippon CTV, the Valleyco plant management has various different practices for different ... More


Nonconscious Control and Implicit Working Memory

Ran R. Hassin

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The empirical examination of the capacities and capabilities of the cognitive unconscious creates an ongoing debate, partly because each new piece of evidence may carry far-reaching implications for ... More


Attitudes as Accessibility Bias: Dissociating Automatic and Controlled Processes

B. Keith Payne, Larry L. Jacoby, and Alan J. Lambert

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter highlights an important distinction that has been made in social cognition research between automatic or implicit attitudes and more controlled, explicit processes as distinct influences ... More


Who Is the Controller of Controlled Processes?

Daniel M. Wegner

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Controlled processes are viewed as conscious, effortful, and intentional, and as drawing on more sources of information than automatic processes. With this power of conscious will, controlled ... More


Food Handling and Preparation

Tamar Lasky

in Epidemiologic Principles and Food Safety

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172638
eISBN:
9780199865727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172638.003.11
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Food preparation outside the home presents a series of opportunities for contamination and special challenges in controlling food-borne illness, from training people who work with food, developing ... More


An Integration of Processes that Underlie Stereotype Threat

Toni Schmader and Sian Beilock

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The theory of stereotype threat has captivated those who have long struggled to understand why some groups of people seem to systematically underperform in certain domains. But although early ... More


Aberrant Attentional Processes in Schizophrenia as Reflected in Latent Inhibition Data

Robert E. Lubow

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0048
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Latent inhibition (LI) is demonstrated when a previously unattended stimulus is less effective in a new learning situation than a novel stimulus. Since LI is reduced by dopamine agonists and ... More


Constraints on cognitive theory from neuroimaging studies of source memory

Jon S. Simons

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter describes some of the insights that have impacted on the conceptual understanding of source recollection, focusing on internally and externally generated context; pre- and post-retrieval ... More


Some Considerations in Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Public Health Surveillance Data

Andrew B. Lawson

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter deals with the development and use of statistical methods for geographic disease surveillance. The second section discusses some ideas that are commonly used in statistical process ... More


Toward an Integrated, Comprehensive Theory of Visual Search

Anthony Hornof

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

With the goal of moving toward a comprehensive theory of visual search that could predict visual search performance for a wide range of applied visual tasks, this chapter describes how a ... More


Applying the Multivariate Lens Model to Fault Diagnosis

Pratik D. Jha and Ann M. Bisantz

in Adaptive Perspectives on Human–Technology Interaction: Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195374827
eISBN:
9780199847693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374827.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a study that investigates the application of a multivariate lens model to judgments of fault diagnosis in a dynamic, process control system. A sensitivity analysis was ... More


Litigant Satisfaction

Rabeea Assy

in Injustice in Person: The Right to Self-Representation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199687442
eISBN:
9780191767104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687442.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Psychological studies of litigation have found that litigants tend to consider favourable outcomes as fairer than unfavourable ones, and that a high degree of control over the process is likely to ... More


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