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Tour of the book

Myoung-Jae Lee

in Micro-Econometrics for Policy, Program and Treatment Effects

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199267699
eISBN:
9780191603044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267693.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This introductory chapter provides a quick overview of the following six chapters.


Group Responsibility

Raimo Tuomela

in The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313390
eISBN:
9780199870929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313390.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The main idea about group responsibility is that we-mode groups, namely, groups in which a substantial number of the members are collectively committed to the group (to its ethos and to each other ... More


Expectancy Control Groups

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The previous chapter discussed strategies which attempt to minimize experimenter expectancy effects. This chapter discusses a strategy which essentially attempts to maximize experimenter expectancy ... More


Choosing Controls in Biologic Psychiatry

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.21
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

One of the most difficult and intellectually intriguing tasks of a biologic case-control study is the selection of the control group. An inappropriate control group can mask the presence of a true ... More


The Makings of an Entrepreneur

Edward B. Roberts

in Entrepreneurs in High Technology: Lessons from MIT and Beyond

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067040
eISBN:
9780199854837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067040.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Besides the conditions presented in the previous chapter, there are “other conditions” that influence people (in this case young scientists and engineers) to pursue entrepreneurship, and this is the ... More


Quasi-Experimental Group Designs

Bruce A Thyer

in Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387384
eISBN:
9780199932085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387384.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The quasi-experimental designs compare the outcomes of social work for a group of clients who receive a novel intervention that is the focus on investigation, against the outcomes observed by a ... More


Scope and Methods

John Child, David Faulkner, and Robert Pitkethly

in The Management of International Acquisitions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267101
eISBN:
9780191716706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267101.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter describes the scope and methods of the original research undertaken for this book. It explains how the combination of a survey and case studies — employing primarily quantitative and ... More


Conclusion

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Theoretical integration, applications in other areas (e.g., teachers’ expectations and their students’ performance), and procedures for dealing with experimenter expectancy effects within this ... More


Baseline Results

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, the baseline results obtained when using ‘nearest neighbour’ propensity score matching are presented. The overall findings suggest that individuals with ADHD (the treatment groups) ... More


Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne-Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The rapid increase in recent years in the number of children and adults diagnosed with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) raises a number of questions. It is unclear whether the increase ... More


It Was Talking about My Life: Developing Working-Class Feminism

Tamar W. Carroll

in Mobilizing New York: AIDS, Antipoverty, and Feminist Activism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469619880
eISBN:
9781469619903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469619880.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter chronicles the Reagan administration's elimination of Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA), and its massive cutbacks on funding for community programs in the 1980s, which ... More


More Trials and Some Tribulations

Michael B. Bracken

in Risk, Chance, and Causation: Investigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300188844
eISBN:
9780300189551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188844.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter presents and discusses a scenario wherein randomized clinical trials do not work. Some of the problems it looks at include patients discussing their experimental treatment with other ... More


Working Memory Training From an Individual Differences Perspective: Efficacy in Older Adults

Erika Borella, Barbara Carretti, Cesare Cornoldi, and Rossana De Beni

in Cognitive and Working Memory Training: Perspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199974467
eISBN:
9780190076177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974467.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter presents and discusses a verbal WM training developed for older adults. The model of working memory (WM) proposed by Cornoldi and Vecchi, which is based on an analysis of individual and ... More


The Calculation of Private and Social Costs

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter contains cost-of-illness calculations of adult ADHD. Costs are divided into private costs (disposable income, other private costs) and public costs (income tax and transfers, educational ... More


Methodology and Econometric Challenges

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, a non-technical explanation of the empirical approach to assess the differences between individuals with ADHD and non-ADHD individuals is presented. The applied methodology is ... More


A Sibling-Based Analysis—Addressing Unobserved Heterogeneity

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, a sibling-based analysis is presented that compares individuals with ADHD (treatment groups) to sibling-based matched control groups. The advantage of this analysis is that siblings ... More


Designing a Research Study

Jacqueline M. Dewar

in The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning: A Guide for Scientists, Engineers, and Mathematicians

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198821212
eISBN:
9780191860751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821212.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

Chapter 3 examines basic considerations of education research design, such as whether or not to have experimental and control groups. Because many scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) ... More


Ethics of RCTs: Should Economists Care about Equipoise?

Michel Abramowicz and Ariane Szafarz

in Randomized Control Trials in the Field of Development: A Critical Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198865360
eISBN:
9780191898266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865360.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Equipoise is defined by Freedman (1987: 141) as a “state of genuine uncertainty on the part of the clinical investigator regarding the comparative therapeutic merits of each arm in a trial.” This ... More


The Study

James C. Oleson

in Criminal Genius: A Portrait of High-IQ Offenders

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520282414
eISBN:
9780520958098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282414.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Little is known about high-IQ criminals because they are statistically rare. Only 2 percent of the general population has an IQ score of over 130 and only one in two thousand possesses an IQ of over ... More


Cognitive Perspectives of Working Memory Training: Current Challenges in Working Memory Training

Kenny Hicks and Randall W. Engle

in Cognitive and Working Memory Training: Perspectives From Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199974467
eISBN:
9780190076177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974467.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Working memory training is an emergent field aimed at improving general cognitive abilities through targeted brain exercises. The prospect of improving cognitive abilities, such as attention control, ... More


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