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The Ethics of Pediatric Research

David Wendler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730087
eISBN:
9780199776689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Millions of children suffer from diseases and illnesses who do not have adequate treatment. And many other children are harmed by medicines intended to help them. To protect and help these children ... More


Youth-Led Community Organizing: Theory and Action

Melvin Delgado and Lee Staples

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195182767
eISBN:
9780199865192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182767.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Children and Families

Youth-led organizing, a burgeoning movement that empowers young people while simultaneously enabling them to make substantive contributions to their communities, is increasingly receiving attention ... More


Teaching Undergraduate Research in Religious Studies

Bernadette McNary-Zak and Rebecca Todd Peters

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732869
eISBN:
9780199918522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732869.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This book offers an introduction to the philosophy and practice of Undergraduate Research in Religious Studies and takes up several significant and ongoing questions related to it. It provides an ... More


The Origins of the Ownership Society: How the Defined Contribution Paradigm Changed America

Edward A. Zelinsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339352
eISBN:
9780199855407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339352.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

President Bush's vision of an “ownership society” continues the process of the last three decades by which the defined contribution paradigm has become the primary framework for retirement savings ... More


Public Pensions and State and Local Budgets: Can Contribution Rate Cyclicality Be Better Managed?

Parry Young

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Pension fund contribution rate volatility has challenged state and local government defined benefit plan sponsors over time. Methods to contain volatility have been used for years but recent ... More


Annuity Markets

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Governments around the world are responding to the rising ratio of elderly-to-young persons (‘The Pensions Crisis’) by shifting their pension policies away from pay-as-you-go systems towards ... More


How Are They Different? The Defined Benefit and Defined Contribution Formats Contrasted As A Matter of Plan Design

Edward A. Zelinsky

in The Origins of the Ownership Society: How the Defined Contribution Paradigm Changed America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339352
eISBN:
9780199855407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339352.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Traditional defined benefit pensions have four major characteristics as a matter of plan design. First, they provide income on a deferred basis at retirement and not before then. Second, they provide ... More


Chapter Chapter Restructuring the Defined Benefit Pension

P.Brett Hammond and Douglas Fore

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Under the traditional approach to defined benefit plans, well-intended disciplinary and regulatory regimes have sought to restrict discretion, reduce uncertainty and risk, and protect workers and ... More


Chapter Dimensions of 401(k) Plan Design

Olivia S. Mitchell, Stephen P. Utkus, and Tongxuan (Stella) Yang

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter explores why employers or plan sponsors design their 401(k) plans the way they do. Drawing on a rich dataset of over five hundred 401(k) plans, it shows that these plans are principally ... More


The Role of Individual Retirement Accounts in US Retirement Planning

Sarah Holden and Brian Reid

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

With the rising importance of individual retirement accounts (IRAs), which now total one-quarter of US retirement assets, public policy has sharpened its focus on how individuals manage those ... More


Regulating Markets for Retirement Payouts: Solvency, Supervision, and Credibility

Phyllis C. Borzi and Martha Priddy Patterson

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Soon the largest cohort of workers in history will be eligible to retire: and most will have only their personal saving and a lump-sum benefit from a 401(k) plan to supplement Social Security ... More


Annuity markets around the world

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

in Annuity Markets

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter examines the structure and prevalence of annuity markets in a number of selected countries around the world: Australia, Chile, Germany, Italy, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, and USA. It ... More


Money and Women's Candidacies for Public Office

Barbara C. Burrell

in Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293484
eISBN:
9780191598944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293488.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reviews existing research about campaign finance and the funding of the campaigns of women candidates for public office. Burrell discusses the role of women's political action committees ... More


Why Work?

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 7 considers recent theoretical attempts to tie the claiming to social benefits to a willingness to work—attempts that come not from the right of the political spectrum but from the egalitarian ... More


Adjusting Badly the German Welfare State, Structural Change, and the Open Economy

Philip Manow and Eric Seils

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Germany was comparatively successful in weathering the macroeconomic crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its industrial sector remained highly competitive throughout. Nevertheless, unemployment ... More


France Directing Adjustment?

Jonah D. Levy

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Bismarckian welfare state in France is financed by social security contributions to an even greater degree than is true in Germany. During the oil‐price crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, job ... More


The Contributive Obligation

Stuart White

in The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic Citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295051
eISBN:
9780191600319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295057.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses the question of what citizens must do to fulfil their contributive obligation as a matter of fair reciprocity. This obligation should be understood in terms of the citizen’s ... More


Reorienting Retirement Risk Management

Robert L. Clark and Olivia S. Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199592609
eISBN:
9780191594618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592609.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Retirement risk management must be dramatically overhauled if workers and retirees are to better prepare themselves to meet future retirement challenges. Recent economic events including the global ... More


Conclusion

Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz, and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

in Mobilizing for Peace: Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125924
eISBN:
9780199833894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125924.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This study of peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) in South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Israel/Palestine faced several methodological challenges: it had to define P/CROs, draw on ... More


The United States and the International Financial Institutions: Power and Influence Within the World Bank and the IMF

Ngaire Woods

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Examines the role of the US in international financial institutions with particular reference to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Describes the extraordinary influence of the ... More


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