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Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Nicholas Southwood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Contractualism has a venerable history and considerable appeal. Yet as an account of the foundations or ultimate grounds of morality it has been thought by many philosophers to be subject to fatal ... More


Kant's Arguments for His Formula of Universal Law

Derek Parfit

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the structure of the argument for duty in the Kantian context, in which it was most influentially formed. Kant notoriously argues that the supreme principle of morality must be ... More


Federal Constitutionalism II: Evaluating and Justifying Options for Federal Design

Wayne Norman

in Negotiating Nationalism: Nation-Building, Federalism, and Secession in the Multinational State

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198293354
eISBN:
9780191604126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293356.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the principles that liberal democrats, including liberal nationalists, should use when choosing between the constitutional and federal options discussed in the preceding ... More


Ethics and Qualities of Life

Joel J. Kupperman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308198
eISBN:
9780199867325
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308198.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book looks at what enters into ethical judgment and choice. Interpretation of a case and of what the options are is always a factor, as is a sense of the possible values at stake. Intuitions ... More


Self-Governance and Cooperation

Robert H. Myers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256594
eISBN:
9780191698316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256594.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. It puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both ... More


Bleached Foundations

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Focuses on the development of justice‐based theory, predominantly after the publication of John Rawls Theory of Justice in 1971. After an overview of the concept of justice, it provides a critical ... More


Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Brad Hooker

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Begins by explaining and arguing for certain criteria for assessing normative moral theories. Then argues that these criteria lead to a rule‐consequentialist moral theory. According to ... More


Welfare Contractualism

Stuart White

in The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic Citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295051
eISBN:
9780191600319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295057.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the practice of welfare contractualism from the standpoint of fair reciprocity. At first sight, welfare contractualism appears to be a legitimate practice. The work-test can be ... More


Basic Income

Stuart White

in The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic Citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295051
eISBN:
9780191600319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295057.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the debates over unconditional basic income (UBI). Debates over welfare reform rage between advocates of welfare contractualism and supporters of UBI. When judged against ... More


From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Pablo Gilabert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Do we have positive duties to help others in need or are our moral duties only negative, focused on not harming them? Are any of the former duties of justice that respond to enforceable rights? Is ... More


‘Aroused Like One from Sleep’: From New Poor Law to Contractual Workfare

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Uses historical and contemporary evidence to demonstrate how British government policies toward the unemployed have increasingly come to rest on the notion of duties and obligations arising from a ... More


‘A Second Chance, not a Way of Life’: Welfare as Workfare in the USA

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King discusses the history and politics of workfare in the US, the practice of requiring work activity in exchange for welfare benefits. He analyses the late nineteenth‐century Poor Law deterrent ... More


Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T.M. Scanlon

R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar, and Samuel Freeman (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753673
eISBN:
9780199918829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753673.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A collection of fifteen new papers on themes from the philosophy of T. M. Scanlon. The contributions include discussions of issues in metaethics and the theory of value (reasons and reasoning, ... More


Introduction

Frank Lovett

in A General Theory of Domination and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579419
eISBN:
9780191722837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579419.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The concept domination, despite its widespread employment in contemporary political and social theory, has so far escaped sustained, rigorous analysis. Chapter 1 aims to redress this lacuna. The ... More


Domination and Justice

Frank Lovett

in A General Theory of Domination and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579419
eISBN:
9780191722837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579419.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter outlines and defends a conception of social justice as minimizing domination. Justice as minimizing domination is favorably contrasted with utilitarian and Rawlsian ... More


The Cahier de Doléances, 1561

Allan A. Tulchin

in That Men Would Praise the Lord: The Reformation in Nimes, 1530-1570

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736522
eISBN:
9780199866229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736522.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses Nîmes’s cahier de doléances, written for the Pontoise session of the national Estates General of 1561. It was written by the Protestant party, which wove together religious and ... More


Defining Marriage: Political Liberalism and the Same-Sex Marriage Debates

Elizabeth Brake

in Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774142
eISBN:
9780199933228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774142.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Chapter 6 continues the argument for marriage reform by reviewing liberal debates over same-sex marriage to show what they have missed. Liberal defenses of same-sex marriage have not followed the ... More


Moral Construction as a Task: Sources and Limits

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Initially written for a conference on “objectivity” and “relativism” in ethics, this chapter distinguishes six different questions that fall under these general headings, and it comments briefly on ... More


Obeying Adherence Rules

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The question addressed in this chapter is whether judges have reasons to obey adherence rules. Contrasts are drawn between conduct rules promulgated by rule makers, guidance rules followed by rule ... More


 The Need for a Moral Order

Joel J. Kupperman

in Ethics and Qualities of Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308198
eISBN:
9780199867325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308198.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines attempts to base ethics entirely on some conception of a moral order. It argues that a necessary base of any acceptable moral judgment is that it can play a part in an ... More


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