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Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Neil Tennant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This account of rational belief revision explains how a rational agent ought to proceed when adopting a new belief — a difficult matter if the new belief contradicts the agent’s old beliefs. Belief ... More


It really is true

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The results of the special theory of relativity are so peculiar that a huge number of experiments have been done to check its validity. The contraction of space, the slowing down of time, and the ... More


Mild Contraction: Evaluating Loss of Information Due to Loss of Belief

Isaac Levi

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270705
eISBN:
9780191601774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270708.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a continuation of Isaac Levi’s work on formal epistemology, focusing on the problem of contraction. It argues that the problem of how to contract is essential both to an account of ... More


The Elements of Right‐Sizing and Right‐Peopling the State

Brendan O'Leary

in Right-sizing the State: The Politics of Moving Borders

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244904
eISBN:
9780191600050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244901.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Brandan O’Leary sets up a framework for a broad theory of right‐sizing the state. He addresses the distinctiveness of modern state borders, the centrality of nationality and ethnicity that makes ... More


The Logos, the logoi, and Created Beings

Torstein Theodor Tollefsen

in The Christocentric Cosmology of St Maximus the Confessor

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199237142
eISBN:
9780191717321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237142.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The Logos is the centre of all the logoi, i.e. the divine acts of will that are eternally conceived but expressed at the moment of creation. Through the logoi a well-ordered cosmos is instituted. The ... More


Current Methods in Muscle Physiology: Advantages, Problems and Limitations

Haruo Sugi (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523970
eISBN:
9780191724480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523970.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Despite extensive physiological, biochemical, and structural studies, the mechanisms of muscle contraction operating in living muscle fibres are still not clearly understood. This book aims to ... More


Introduction

Alessio Corti

in Flips for 3-folds and 4-folds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570615
eISBN:
9780191717703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570615.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This introductory chapter provides a detailed sketch of the key ideas of the proof of existence of klt flips in dimension n assuming minimal model programs in dimension n-1, following the work of ... More


The Emotions As Value Judgements In Chrysippus

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chrysippus (Stoic, 3rd century BCE) gives an intellectualist account of emotions: they are value judgements stating that the situation is good or bad, and that it is appropriate to react accordingly. ... More


Seneca's Defence: First Movements as Answering Posidonius

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

First movements of the soul for the Stoic materialists include bites, which are small contractions of the physical soul sensed in distress. First movements of the body include pallor, tears, and ... More


Posidonius: Judgements Insufficient for Emotion Exhaustion and Lack of Imagination

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

For Posidonius, the value judgements proposed by Chrysippus are not sufficient for emotion because they can remain intact while emotion fades through exhaustion, and because emotion requires us also ... More


China and the EU: Science and Technology Cooperation as a Binding Factor in Partnership

YANG YANG

in The International Politics of EU-China Relations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264089
eISBN:
9780191734809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264089.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the possibilities for building a science and technology foundation to the EU–China relationship. China and Europe face quite different societal changes in the next twenty years ... More


9 The Food Problems of Bangladesh

S. R. Osmani

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 3: Endemic Hunger

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286370
eISBN:
9780191718441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286370.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Bangladesh has avoided a recurrence of famine since 1974, but this does not imply that there has been improvement in the underlying trend of persistent hunger. This chapter analyses the changes that ... More


Tempo and Mora in Phonological Change

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Words of more than two syllables tend toward moraic balance, while even those are subject to the acceleration processes that yield triplet formation. Triplets tend to shorten to disyllables, which in ... More


Basic neuromuscular properties

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This is a tutorial chapter, mainly aiming to introduce the neuromuscular system. Treated items include basic aspects of skeletal muscle and peripheral axon physiology, principles of sensory and motor ... More


Motoneurone populations and the gradation of muscle force

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Muscle force may be graded by two mechanisms (often used in parallel): (a) by activating a larger or smaller number of units (recruitment gradation), (b) by changing the spike-frequency for already ... More


Short-term plasticity: fatigue and potentiation

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The functional properties of neurones, synapses, and muscles often change as a result of preceding use. In the short term (minutes to hours), such changes are typically rather rapidly reversible and ... More


Introduction

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter distinguishes logic as a theory of belief‐statics from our sought account of belief dynamics. The various kinds of belief change are classified. These are: surrendering, adopting or ... More


A Formal Theory of Contraction

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the heart of the formal theory. Mathematically rigorous definitions are provided of all the formal notions that have been gently introduced in the earlier discussion. The main data type of a ... More


Specification of a Contraction Algorithm

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter explain the concept of a greedy algorithm, and provide four successively less-greedy versions of a contraction algorithm. Here, the earlier work familiarizing the reader with dependency ... More


A Prolog Program for Contraction

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Here something unusual is done: the chapter states all the details of a Prolog program, for the simplest version of the contraction algorithm. Details of programs are hardly ever disclosed in books ... More


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