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Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

I. M. D. Little

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Studies the three interfaces of ethics, economics, and politics. Any well‐considered view of the most desirable role for the state in various aspects of our lives implies some serious thinking about ... More


Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Nicholas Southwood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Contractualism has a venerable history and considerable appeal. Yet as an account of the foundations or ultimate grounds of morality it has been thought by many philosophers to be subject to fatal ... More


Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Russell Hardin

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The central argument of this book is that liberalism, constitutionalism, and democracy, as well as, specifically, liberal constitutional democracy all work, when they do, because they serve the ... More


Critical Justification

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The internal coherence of any system of political institutions and ideas is only one of the considerations we must have in mind in an account of ultimate justification; there is also the idea of a ... More


Self-Improvement: An Essay in Kantian Ethics

Robert N. Johnson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599349
eISBN:
9780191731556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Is there any moral obligation to improve oneself, to foster and develop various capacities in oneself? From a broadly Kantian point of view, Self-Improvement defends the view that there is such an ... More


Population and Extinction

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the implications of the earlier arguments for population and extinction. It is argued that the anti-natal view solves various problems in moral theory about population, ... More


Paul Seabright: Pluralism and the Standard of Living

Derek Parfit

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0030
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Parfit first takes on Seabright's contractualist assumption (‘Nothing is society's business unless it could be the subject of an appropriate hypothetical social contract’) and questions Seabright's ... More


The Foundations of Gladstonian Conservatism

David Bebbington

in The Mind of Gladstone: Religion, Homer, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267651
eISBN:
9780191708220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267651.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In 1831 Gladstone denounced parliamentary reform at the Oxford Union. He rejected equality and liberty as ideals and dismissed contractarianism as the basis of political obligation, favouring instead ... More


Exceptions to Libertarian Natural Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how libertarianism can be seen to be a moral theory that explains exceptions to earlier moral norms and principles and the chapter shows how various exceptions to libertarian ... More


A Feminist Ethics Response to the Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

in The Moral Skeptic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines three responses to the action skeptic offered by care ethicists who reject self‐interest based contractarianism for reasons relating to its assumption of abstract individualism. ... More


A Contract on Future Generations?

Stephen M. Gardiner

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Contract theories — such as contractarianism and contractualism — seek to justify (and sometimes to explain) moral and political ideals and principles through the notion of ‘mutually agreeable ... More


The limits of Hobbesian contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to assess Hobbesian contractualism or contractarianism as an account of morality's foundations, focusing on the influential version advanced by David Gauthier: morals by agreement. ... More


A Theory of Justice for Animals: Animal Rights in a Nonideal World

Robert Garner

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936311
eISBN:
9780199345816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936311.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book argues that animals are worthy recipients of justice, and that, in practice, excluding animals from a theory of justice amounts, at best, to the claim that we have very limited direct ... More


Normativism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter covers normativism, which attempts to derive moral conclusions from normative but non-moral premises. One version refers to moral explanations, another version includes contractarianism ... More


Nature and Normativity

Andres Rosler

in Political Authority and Obligation in Aristotle

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251506
eISBN:
9780191602306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251509.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The examination of Aristotle’s conception of nature in his practical works attempts to face some charges, which seem to undermine the normativity of Aristotle’s ethical and political theory and thus ... More


Market contractarianism

Jules L. Coleman

in Markets, Morals, and the Law

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253609
eISBN:
9780191719783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253609.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter discusses two theories about legitimate political authority. The first is that political institutions are justified because they emerge as the outcome of a rational bargain among ... More


Negative duties and the libertarian challenge

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A defense of basic positive duties of justice must address the standard libertarian objections to the enforcement of assistance. Focusing on Jan Narveson’s contractarian construal of libertarianism, ... More


Failure of Normative Contract Theory

Peter A. Alces

in A Theory of Contract Law: Empirical Insights and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195371604
eISBN:
9780199893447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371604.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

A viable unifying theory of contract would be useful as a heuristic device: It would provide intellectual leverage and could determine both how doctrine should be applied and predict how it will be ... More


Contractarianism and Emergency

Yitzhak Benbaji

in Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers a contractarian interpretation of the laws of war, in which the moral standing of the laws of war follows from their being terms in an actual agreement between states for the ... More


War By Agreement: A Contractarian Ethics of War

Yitzhak Benbaji and Daniel Statman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199577194
eISBN:
9780191879548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199577194.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In the last two decades, traditional just war theory has been under attack. Critics, known as ‘revisionists’, have argued that its most fundamental principles are morally suspect. However, so far ... More


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