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Necessary and Contingent Truths

Benson Mates

in The Philosophy of Leibniz: Metaphysics and Language

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195059465
eISBN:
9780199833429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195059468.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

To reconcile his account of truth with his acceptance of the distinction between necessary and contingent truths, Leibniz introduces a distinction between absolute and hypothetical necessity. It ... More


A Priori Knowledge

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows how some kinds of knowledge are not readily understandable in terms of adequate information if for no other reason than they seem not to be linked with specific truths. Knowledge ... More


Metaphysics

Colin McGinn

in Philosophical Provocations: 55 Short Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036191
eISBN:
9780262340090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036191.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores philosophical issues in metaphysics. It begins by distinguishing between de re and de dicto necessity. All necessity is uniformly de re; there is simply no such thing as de ... More


The Contingent A Priori and Rigid Designators

Keith Donnellan, Joseph Almog, and Paolo Leonardi

in Essays on Reference, Language, and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199857999
eISBN:
9780190267667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199857999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter talks about the contingent a priori and rigid designators. A rigid designator is a term that picks out the same thing in all possible worlds in which that thing exists. As a consequence ... More


Necessity

William E. Mann

in God, Modality, and Morality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199370764
eISBN:
9780199373635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370764.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Moral Philosophy

Theists generally believe that God exists necessarily and that God’s creative activity is responsible for all contingent truths and for all necessary truths. Descartes thought that God’s omnipotence ... More


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