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Irrationality and Self-Transcendance

Marcia Cavell

in Becoming a Subject: Reflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287086
eISBN:
9780191603921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287082.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the thoughts of Davidson and Freud about irrationality. It then examines the problem of self-transcendence, where a person forms a positive or negative judgment of some of his ... More


De Bono Coniugali: The Good of Marriage

P. G. Walsh

in De bono coniugali and De sancta virginitate

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269953
eISBN:
9780191601132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269951.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Marriage is the natural institution of society established for companionship and for the continuation of the human race. It must be lifelong, and the partners must show total fidelity to each other. ... More


De Sancta Virginitate: On Holy Virginity

P. G. Walsh

in De bono coniugali and De sancta virginitate

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269953
eISBN:
9780191601132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269951.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The treatise incorporates two main themes, virginity in itself, and the necessity of humility in consecrated virginity. Virginity itself is considered from three aspects: first, Christ and his mother ... More


Courage and Continence (NE III.6–9)

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle is famous for his doctrine of the mean, but this is just one of several doctrines that together constitute Aristotle’s architectonic of virtue. The others include the doctrine of disjoint ... More


The Endoxon Mystique: What Endoxa Are And What They Are Not

Dorothea Frede

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The article contradicts recent tendencies to treat the approach via endoxa as Aristotle’s ubiquitous method of justification in his ethics. It points out that the use in Nicomachean Ethics VII 1-2 is ... More


Virtues and Vices

Jonathan Barnes and Anthony Kenny (eds)

in Aristotle's Ethics: Writings from the Complete Works

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158464
eISBN:
9781400852369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158464.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this English translation of Virtues and Vices, the discussion offers definitions of the virtues and the vices, their characteristics and concomitants, and their general effect. The author begins ... More


“Strength” and Sexuality: Sexual Avoidance and Masculinity in New Guinea and Amazonia

Paul Roscoe

in Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia: An Exploration of the Comparative Method

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520228511
eISBN:
9780520935815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228511.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter examines the correlation between sexual continence, abstinence, and separation on the one hand, and masculine aggressivity and strength on the other, in the Amazonian and Melanesian ... More


Eudemian Ethics

Jonathan Barnes and Anthony Kenny (eds)

in Aristotle's Ethics: Writings from the Complete Works

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158464
eISBN:
9781400852369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158464.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This section presents the English translation of Eudemian Ethics, which offers reflections on happiness—described in the text as the noblest, the best, and the most pleasant of human goods—and how it ... More


Magna Moralia

Jonathan Barnes and Anthony Kenny (eds)

in Aristotle's Ethics: Writings from the Complete Works

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158464
eISBN:
9781400852369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158464.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this English translation of Magna Moralia, the discussion focuses on the themes of good, happiness, virtue, action, justice, continence and incontinence, pleasure, good fortune, friendship, and ... More


Aristotle and Kant

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Virtue ethics is often praised, especially at the expense of Kant's deontology, for giving a better account of the moral significance of the emotions than the other ethical approaches, and, in ... More


Tackling ageing continence

Eleanor van den Heuvel

in The New Dynamics of Ageing Volume 1

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447314721
eISBN:
9781447314745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314721.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter discusses an interdisciplinary project that takes a multifaceted approach to reducing the impact of continence difficulties for older people. Environmental barriers to participation for ... More


Spiritual Marriage

Blake Leyerle

in Theatrical Shows and Ascetic Lives: John Chrysostom's Attack on Spiritual Marriage

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520215580
eISBN:
9780520921634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520215580.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter describes the practice and popularity of spiritual marriage. Medievalists define spiritual marriage as sexual abstinence within wedlock, or what historians of early Christianity would ... More


The Meaning of Salvation in a Greco-Roman Milieu

Michael Bland Simmons

in Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity: Porphyry of Tyre and the Pagan-Christian Debate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190202392
eISBN:
9780190202415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202392.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter begins Section II of the book, which sets soteriological universalism in the historical, social, political, economic, and religious and philosophical context of the Third Century Crisis. ... More


How We Grow in Intellectual Virtue

Nathan L. King

in The Excellent Mind: Intellectual Virtues for Everyday Life

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190096250
eISBN:
9780190096298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190096250.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a framework and suggestions for growth in intellectual virtue. It likens our growth in intellectual virtue to a trip to an important destination. Any well-planned trip requires ... More


Joseph Put to the Test: Christian Sermons and Art

Robert C. Gregg

in Shared Stories, Rival Tellings: Early Encounters of Jews, Christians, and Muslims

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190231491
eISBN:
9780190231521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190231491.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Christian writers Clement of Alexandria, Eusebius of Caesarea, John Chrysostom, and Ambrose accepted the view (familiar from Philo) that the woman failed in her attempted seduction because “the Lord ... More


Diachronic Conditionalization

Richard Pettigrew

in Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198732716
eISBN:
9780191797019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732716.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter asks whether there are any diachronic principles of credal rationality corresponding to the synchronic principles for updating rules that were considered in the previous chapter. The ... More


Sexual Defilement in Early Christian Texts

Moshe Blidstein

in Purity, Community, and Ritual in Early Christian Literature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198791959
eISBN:
9780191834172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791959.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Judaism

Chapter 7 demonstrates that sexual sin became the main target for purity discourse in early Christian texts, and attempts to explain why. Christian imagery of sexual defilement drew from a number of ... More


Household Goods

Joseph Clair

in Discerning the Good in the Letters and Sermons of Augustine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757764
eISBN:
9780191817670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757764.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the way Augustine’s appropriation of the doctrine of oikeiōsis informs his advice on the goods associated with marriage and family life. Analysis of Augustine’s correspondence ... More


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