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Insensitive Semantics

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

What is insensitive semantics (or semantic minimalism? This may become clear in this chapter from Cappelen and Lepore's objections to their opponents. They signal two main opponents: moderate ... More


The Non-Individualist Challenge: Contextualism

Bhargava Rajeev

in Individualism in Social Science: Forms and Limits of a Methodology

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242796
eISBN:
9780191680564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242796.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the concept of contextualism. The contextualist thesis is the claim that concepts must be understood in their social context. In the minds of the contextualists, concepts ... More


Insolubility?

Alexis G. Burgess and John P. Burgess

in Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144016
eISBN:
9781400838691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144016.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the more purely philosophical aspect of the question of the paradoxes of truth. It first considers a particular paradoxical derivation that uses the equivalence principle not in ... More


Spinoza Redivivus in the Twenty-First Century

Daniel B. Schwartz

in The First Modern Jew: Spinoza and the History of an Image

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142913
eISBN:
9781400842261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142913.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This concluding chapter considers the current vogue in appropriations of Spinoza. Broadly speaking, the chapter finds in the recent literature two basic positions on Spinoza's place in the world of ... More


Contextualism

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the extent to which contextualism constitutes a further rival view in epistemology proper, and offers reasons to doubt that it is. Contextualism has gained center stage in ... More


Everyday Knowledge: When Does S Know That P?

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Thinking about Knowing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251339
eISBN:
9780191598326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251339.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Addresses the classical ‘justified true belief’ account of knowledge. Examines Robert Fogelin's reinterpretation of the traditional analysis as conjoining assessments of epistemic propriety and ... More


What the Skeptic Still Can’t Learn from How We Use the Word “Know”

Wai-hung Wong

in The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195381658
eISBN:
9780199918317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381658.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, History of Philosophy

I argue that the contextualist antiskeptical strategy fails because it misconstrues skepticism by overlooking two important aspects of skepticism: first, all of our knowledge of the external world is ... More


The Origins of Modern Jewish Philanthropy, 1789–1860

Derek J. Penslar

in Shylock's Children: Economics and Jewish Identity in Modern Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225909
eISBN:
9780520925847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225909.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter talks about Jewish philanthropy, which is an arena of clashing approaches to the study of the Jewish past. These approaches are called “essentialist,” “contextualist,” and “comparative.” ... More


Intelligence and Cognitive Abilities as Competencies in Development

Damian P. Birney and Robert J. Sternberg

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses four theoretical approaches—psychometric theories, information-processing theories, Piagetian and neo-Piagetian theories, and contextualist theories—and the associated ... More


Hart as Contextualist? Theories of Interpretation in Language and the Law

Ross Charnock

in Law and Language: Current Legal Issues Volume 15

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199673667
eISBN:
9780191751769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673667.003.0062
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Philosophy of Law

One of the fundamental problems debated in linguistics and law is that of the ‘alleged priority’ of literal interpretation. In the law, there is a clear preference for what is called, vaguely, ... More


Introduction

Pablo Kalmanovitz

in The Laws of War in International Thought

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198790259
eISBN:
9780191831577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790259.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The Introduction situates the book within current debates in the historiography of international law. While the book’s sources are examined in their historical context, contextualist approaches to ... More


Cross-national comparisons: the history–biography link

Ann Nilsen

in Transitions to parenthood in Europe: A comparative life course perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428646
eISBN:
9781447307563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428646.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

A life course perspective was central to the design of the study. This involves linking historical and biographical time and thus highlighting the structure-agency dynamic. Chapter 2 outlines the ... More


Three Dimensions of Argument Cogency—A Contextualist Case Study

William Rehg

in Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182713
eISBN:
9780262255318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182713.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In this chapter, the critical-contextualist approach is applied to a case study in which the findings of three expert committee reports on the possible links between diet and health are analyzed. ... More


Critical Science Studies and the Good Society

William Rehg

in Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182713
eISBN:
9780262255318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182713.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter revisits all the previous chapters of the book and explains the “prescriptive character of critical contextualism in relation to substantive critical assessment.” Three types of ... More


Temporality and epistemic commitment: an unresolved question

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

in Time: Language, Cognition, and Reality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199589876
eISBN:
9780191757198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589876.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The thesis of the modal supervenience of temporality was presented in Representing Time (Jaszczolt 2009), and was well supported by theoretical arguments and by evidence from various languages. It ... More


Introduction

Shiju Sam Varughese

in Contested Knowledge: Science, Media, and Democracy in Kerala

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199469123
eISBN:
9780199087433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469123.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The chapter draws attention to the phenomenon of a steadily increasing intensity of science news in mass media, and discusses its impact on both science and media. The central role of media in ... More


The Folk Concept of Race

Edouard Machery and Luc Faucher

in Shifting Concepts: The Philosophy and Psychology of Conceptual Variability

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198803331
eISBN:
9780191841521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803331.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines whether and how concepts vary across and within individuals (inter- and intra-individual variation) by examining what constrains variation of concepts. To address this issue, ... More


Debating Islamism and Theorizing the Brotherhood

Khalil al-Anani

in Inside the Muslim Brotherhood: Religion, Identity, and Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190279738
eISBN:
9780190279752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190279738.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter surveys the academic literature and scholarly contributions to the study of Islamism. It sheds light on how scholars have studied and interpreted Islamists’ ideology, discourse, and ... More


Solving the Skeptical Problem

Keith DeRose

in The Appearance of Ignorance: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199564477
eISBN:
9780191846021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199564477.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter the classical form of skeptical argument, based on skeptical hypotheses, is presented. Then a contextualist response to the problem of skepticism, built upon the “Rule of ... More


Two Substantively Moorean Responses and the Project of Refuting Skepticism

Keith DeRose

in The Appearance of Ignorance: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199564477
eISBN:
9780191846021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199564477.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, substantive Mooreanism, according to which one does know that one is not a brain in a vat, is explained, and two main varieties of it are distinguished. Contextualist Mooreanism, (a) ... More


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