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Contextual Influences on Violence

David P. Farrington

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0030
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter reviews contextual influences on violence. The most important contextual influences on violence are family factors (poor supervision, harsh discipline, child physical abuse, a violent ... More


The V1 hypothesis—creating a bottom-up saliency map for preattentive selection and segmentation

Li Zhaoping

in Understanding Vision: Theory, Models, and Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199564668
eISBN:
9780191772504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564668.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter gives a full account of the theoretical development and experimental investigations of the hypothesis that the primary visual cortex (V1) creates a bottom-up saliency map to guide visual ... More


The population or the individual in public health?

Richard F. Heller

in Evidence for Population Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explains that there are special influences on health from the “context” in which we live, beyond the genetic and behavioral make up of individuals. The prevention and treatment paradoxes ... More


What Have We Learned About the Problems of and Prospects for Disadvantaged Youth?

Jonathan Gruber

in The Problems of Disadvantaged Youth: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226309453
eISBN:
9780226309477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309477.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Youth from low-income households, minority youth, and youth from broken families face a series of barriers to success that may have negative implications both today and in the future. A critical ... More


What Values Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Individuals, Society, and Culture

Ronald Fischer

in Advances in Culture and Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199336715
eISBN:
9780190255794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199336715.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses value processes operating at individual and country-level. First, it reviews evidence that individual-level values are more clearly organized in economically advanced ... More


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