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Joint Commitment and Obligation

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Joint commitments are compared and contrasted with personal decisions and intentions: all are in some sense commitments of the will. They provide one with sufficient reason for action, independently ... More


Modularity and Relevance: How Can a Massively Modular Mind Be Flexible and Context‐Sensitive? *

Dan Sperber

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the flexibility problem for massive modularity. It argues that massively modular architectures exhibit flexibility largely as a result of context-sensitive competition between ... More


The Linguistics, Phonology, and Phonetics Perspective

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter introduces some aspects of linguistics that may be helpful in labelling emotive content of speech. The following questions are asked: Are speech and emotion separate events or does ... More


Intention-Sensitive Expressions

Emma Borg

in Pursuing Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the role of speaker intentions in issues of reference determination for context-sensitive expressions, focusing on demonstratives. Intuitively, the referent of a token utterance ... More


Linearization

Juan Uriagereka

in Spell‐Out and the Minimalist Program

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593521
eISBN:
9780191731402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593521.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

How are complex thoughts translated into simple signals? The human motor system makes our inner information public, and our sensory mechanisms reconstruct it back into an intelligible format. Such a ... More


Embedded Cognition and Mental Representation

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter contains four sections. The first argues that what are supposed to be the innovative characteristics of embedded representations do not, in fact, differentiate them from representations ... More


Relationalism Defended: Linguistic and Mental Representation of Color

JONATHAN COHEN

in The Red and the Real: An Essay on Color Ontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199556168
eISBN:
9780191701672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556168.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter concerns the possibility of reconciling a relationalist metaphysics of color with data about the semantics of (mental and linguistic) color ascription. It aims to offer a semantics that ... More


Vagueness, Partiality, and the Sorites Paradox

Scott Soames

in Understanding Truth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195123357
eISBN:
9780199872114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195123352.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Presents a theory of partially defined, context sensitive, vague predicates, each of which is associated with a default determinate‐extension – i.e., a set of things to which the rules of the ... More


Variation II: Biotic and Abiotic Environment

Gil G. Rosenthal

in Mate Choice: The Evolution of Sexual Decision Making from Microbes to Humans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691150673
eISBN:
9781400885466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150673.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on the physical environment and on the biotic community in which choosers live: the resources choosers acquire and the challenges toward which they must allocate those resources. ... More


Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas

William Rehg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182713
eISBN:
9780262255318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182713.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Recent years have seen a series of intense, increasingly acrimonious debates over the status and legitimacy of the natural sciences. These “science wars” take place in the public arena—with current ... More


The epicenter of linguistic behavior

Edward P. Stabler

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Bever calls grammar “the epicenter of all language behavior” but observes that the relation between grammar and models of linguistic behavior remains unclear. This chapter reviews some major advances ... More


Contextualism in Epistemology and the Context-Sensitivity of ‘Knows’

Robert J. Stainton

in Knowledge and Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014083
eISBN:
9780262265782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014083.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on the issue of whether contextualism in epistemology is in conflict with recent claims that “know” is not a context-sensitive word. In addressing this issue, three key aims of ... More


Distributional learning of syntax

Nick Chater, Alexander Clark, John Goldsmith, and Amy Perfors

in Empiricism and Language Learnability

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198734260
eISBN:
9780191801891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198734260.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter takes a theoretical and computational perspective on the learning of syntax, arguing that techniques of distributional learning, as studied by the American structuralists, can form the ... More


Privatization, Thick Sites, and the Women of the Wall: A Suggested Solution

Yuval Jobani and Nahshon Perez

in Women of the Wall: Navigating Religion in Sacred Sites

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190280444
eISBN:
9780190280468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280444.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyzes the model of privatization, which keeps the state unaffiliated with any given denomination via a strict “hands off” approach toward religions. It attempts to reduce governmental ... More


Mutuality and Assertion

Sanford C. Goldberg

in The Epistemic Life of Groups: Essays in the Epistemology of Collectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198759645
eISBN:
9780191820380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759645.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter has two aims: first, to develop a context-sensitive account of the norm of assertion in which the requirement set by this norm, taken to be epistemic in its content, crucially involves ... More


The Metasemantics of Contextual Sensitivity

Jefrey C. King

in Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199669592
eISBN:
9780191784316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669592.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Some contextually sensitive expressions, here called supplementives, are such that their context‐independent conventional meanings need to be supplemented in context for the expressions to secure ... More


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