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Relative Truth

Manuel García-Carpintero and Max Kölbel (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The truth of an utterance depends on various factors. Usually these factors are assumed to be: the meaning of the sentence uttered; the context in which the utterance was made; and the way things are ... More


Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Richard Dietz and Sebastiano Moruzzi (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Vagueness is a familiar but deeply puzzling aspect of the relation between language and the world. It is highly controversial what the nature of vagueness is; a feature of the way we represent ... More


In Defense of Pastist Externalism

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The view that past environmental conditions fix the contents of our memory states (in conjunction with the conceptual replacement view) has the consequence that an environmental shift brings about a ... More


Introduction: Motivations for Relativism

Max Kölbel

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter provides a systematic overview of the issue of contemporary truth-relativism. It first outlines the standard approach to semantics, modifications of which have been ... More


Twin Earth Revisited

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is argued that externalism about the contents of propositional attitudes is supported not only by examples and thought experiments, but also by an intuitively plausible theoretical account of ... More


Belief Attribution and Context

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is argued that belief attributions are context‐dependent. To interpret the sentential clauses embedded in statements attributing belief, we need a derived context, different from the basic context ... More


Deliberate Expansion

Isaac Levi

in Mild Contraction: Evaluating Loss of Information Due to Loss of Belief

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270705
eISBN:
9780191601774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270708.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The justification of deliberate expansion is the topic of this chapter, and it is argued that any possible expansion should be assessed with respect to two desiderata: the enquirer should seek to ... More


Knowledge‐wh

Jason Stanley

in Know How

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695362
eISBN:
9780191729768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695362.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Knowing how to do something is, like knowing whether or not to do something, knowing who came to the party knowing when the party is, a kind of knowing-wh. This chapter provides an introduction to ... More


The Meaning of More

Alexis Wellwood

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198804659
eISBN:
9780191842870
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804659.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book re-imagines the compositional semantics of comparative constructions with words like “more”. It argues for a revision of one of the fundamental assumptions of the degree semantics framework ... More


Introduction

Sylvain Sirois, Denis Mareschal, and Gert Westermann

in Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The real challenge for developmental psychology is to understand the how of development, and not just the what of development. Such causal theories need to explain behaviours at multiple timescales. ... More


Principles, mechanisms, and processes

Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael W. Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, and Gert Westermann

in Neuroconstructivism - I: How the brain constructs cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529910
eISBN:
9780191689710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529910.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes all the material dealt with so far to attempt to determine the central principles that guide the emergence of representations. It specifically discusses some general lessons ... More


Existentials and locatives in Romance dialects of Italy: Introduction

Delia Bentley

in Existentials and Locatives in Romance Dialects of Italy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198745266
eISBN:
9780191806230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745266.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter discusses various existing definitions of existential sentence or existential construction and introduces the definition adopted in the volume. This is McNally’s (2011) definition, which ... More


Human Predicaments and Problems

John Kekes

in Human Predicaments: And What to Do about Them

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226359458
eISBN:
9780226359595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226359595.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This is an introduction that sets out the problems, the aim, and the approach of the book. The problem is that most of us are more or less dissatisfied with how we live and want to make it better ... More


Difficult Choices

John Kekes

in Human Predicaments: And What to Do about Them

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226359458
eISBN:
9780226359595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226359595.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The widely held assumption in our evaluative framework is that the reasonable way of making difficult choices between valued and conflicting possibilities of life is to make a personal commitment to ... More


Fear of Meaninglessness

John Kekes

in Human Predicaments: And What to Do about Them

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226359458
eISBN:
9780226359595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226359595.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The object of fear is the loss of the meaning of life. It threatens if our evaluative framework is called into question. This chapter is about the prudent strategy for coping with this fear. A ... More


Prediction error, context, and precision

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If perception is a matter of prediction error minimization, then the mechanism must have resources to deal with the fact that the noise and uncertainty is state-dependent. That is, the prediction ... More


Three Notions of Context

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Context

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199645169
eISBN:
9780191761379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645169.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the intuitive idea of context, and two contrasting theoretical representations of context: first, a notion of context as a representation of the concrete situation at a point ... More


Mutualism in a community context

Todd M. Palmer, Elizabeth G. Pringle, Adrian Stier, and Robert D. Holt

in Mutualism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199675654
eISBN:
9780191809422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675654.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There are two broad questions that can be asked about the relationship of mutualism and community ecology: What do community interactions do for mutualisms? Conversely, what do mutualisms do for ... More


Measuring stuff and process

Alexis Wellwood

in The Meaning of More

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198804659
eISBN:
9780191842870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804659.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter begins the book’s survey of non-canonical comparatives, and suggests a degree-based interpretation of the expression “much” which occurs implicitly as a morphosyntactic part of “more”, ... More


Measuring states

Alexis Wellwood

in The Meaning of More

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198804659
eISBN:
9780191842870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804659.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter extends the theory developed in the previous chapter in which an expression like “much” (implicitly as part of “more”, explicitly as part of phrases like “too much” when combined with ... More


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