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From the Restoration to the Great Famine: The Food of the Middling and Upper Classes

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the period from the 1660s to the 1840s during which the population grew from less than two million to eight-and-a-half million. Real incomes of the more prosperous classes ... More


Beer‐Drinking Nations: The Determinants of Global Beer Consumption

Liesbeth Colen and Johan F. M. Swinnen

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter analyzes the evolution of beer consumption between countries and over time. Historically, there have been major changes in beer consumption in the world. In recent times, per capita ... More


Dietary Changes, 1845–1920

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Following the Great Famine consumption patterns, particularly among the poorer classes, became more diversified. Potato cultivation, much depleted during the 1840s, never regained pre-famine levels, ... More


Spatial Analyses of Obesity and Poverty

Adam Drewnowski

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Obesity in the United States is a socio-economic issue. Recent advances in geographic information system methodology can provide a better understanding of the impact of neighbourhood deprivation on ... More


Income and Consumption of Rural and Urban Residents in the Tibetan Autonomous Region

Rong MA

in Population and Society in Contemporary Tibet

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622092020
eISBN:
9789882207288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622092020.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The most significant indicators of economic development and success include income and consumption. In studying these two indicators, it is important to study them together as income levels determine ... More


Some Aspects of the Material Conditions of Life of Agricultural Labourers

V. K. Ramachandran (ed.)

in Wage Labour and Unfreedom in Agriculture: An Indian Case Study

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286479
eISBN:
9780191684524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286479.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the material conditions of life of agricultural labourers, in particular, wages, earnings, indebtedness, and household-consumption patterns. It also examines the conditions in ... More


Consumption: Spatial and Temporal Hierarchies

Madeleine Yue Dong

in Republican Beijing: The City and Its Histories

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230507
eISBN:
9780520927636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230507.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines Republican Beijing's new market system and patterns of consumption. It explains that three types of goods, excluding food, circulated through Beijing's markets: industrial ... More


Income, expenditure and inequalities in later life

Ian Rees Jones, Martin Hyde, Christina R. Victor, Richard D. Wiggins, Chris Gilleard, and Paul Higgs

in Ageing in a consumer society: From passive to active consumption in Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348821
eISBN:
9781447301431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348821.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter uses the data from the project referenced in the previous chapter, and considers these changes in relation to the trends in inequality and their impact on consumption patterns. It ... More


Later life in consumer society

Ian Rees Jones, Martin Hyde, Christina R. Victor, Richard D. Wiggins, Chris Gilleard, and Paul Higgs

in Ageing in a consumer society: From passive to active consumption in Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348821
eISBN:
9781447301431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348821.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter presents data that was taken from four decades of the Family Expenditure Survey on the patterns of consumption among older people in the UK from 1968 to 2003. It examines the extent to ... More


Consumption and the changing nature of the household in later life

Ian Rees Jones, Martin Hyde, Christina R. Victor, Richard D. Wiggins, Chris Gilleard, and Paul Higgs

in Ageing in a consumer society: From passive to active consumption in Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348821
eISBN:
9781447301431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348821.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter studies the impact of the changes in household composition on consumption in later life. It also considers how many changes in the household structure have facilitated or held back the ... More


Conclusion: ‘giving the public what it wants’

Robert James

in Popular Culture and Working-Class Taste in Britain, 1930-39: A Round of Cheap Diversions?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719080258
eISBN:
9781781702444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719080258.003.0011
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter highlights the popular cultural tastes in the 1930s, which was a particularly contentious period and in which there were a range of controversies about the relationship between class and ... More


Consumption

Marius C. Claudy, Andrew Keating, and Andrea Prothero

in Austerity and Recovery in Ireland: Europe's Poster Child and the Great Recession

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198792376
eISBN:
9780191834387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198792376.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter investigates changes in consumption during the years of the recession and the subsequent recovery. Drawing on national statistics, attitudinal survey data, and in-depth qualitative ... More


The Urban Influence: Shopping and Consumption at the Florentine Monastery of Santa Trinità in the Mid-Fourteenth Century

Salvatore D. S. Musumeci

in Food and Faith in Christian Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231149976
eISBN:
9780231520799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231149976.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the book of purchases kept by Santa Trinità's camerlengo, or fiscal administrator, Dom Lorenzo di Guidotto Martini, to better understand the alimentary habits and consumption ... More


Teamsters, Turtles, and Tainted Toys

Andrew Ross

in Nice Work If You Can Get It: Life and Labor in Precarious Times

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776292
eISBN:
9780814777398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776292.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter looks at two particular strands of environmental and labor advocacy: the anti-consumerist and the anti-sweatshop movements. The record of attention to labor abuses within the history of ... More


Why the wealthy matter

Karen Rowlingson and Stephen Mckay

in Wealth and the Wealthy: Exploring and Tackling Inequalities Between Rich and Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847423085
eISBN:
9781447305620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423085.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The growth in wealth inequality in recent years has sparked a lively debate. Some argue that the wealth owned by the ‘super-rich’, for example, has a positive impact on society through consumption ... More


Tales of the Talā (Dollar): Notes on Cars, Consumption, and Class in American Sāmoa1

Fa‘anofo Lisaclaire Uperesa

in At Home and in the Field: Ethnographic Encounters in Asia and the Pacific Islands

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824847593
eISBN:
9780824868215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824847593.003.0030
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter features “homework” conducted in American Sāmoa that illustrates how the intensification of transnational flows of goods, people, and ideas in the late twentieth and early twenty-first ... More


Vital Networks

Rutger van Santen, Djan Khoe, and Bram Vermeer

in 2030: Technology That Will Change the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195377170
eISBN:
9780197562680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195377170.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

The explosion in the world’s population appears to be slowing down. Fifty years ago, an average woman had between five and six children. The global average now is just 2.6. In a mere two ... More


Housing and the ageing population

Moyra Riseborough and Peter Fletcher

in Building on the past: Visions of housing futures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347510
eISBN:
9781447301578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347510.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter looks at where current policy, patterns of consumption, changes as a result of having more ‘older’ people in the workforce, changes in planning, house production and technology, and the ... More


January

Jules Pretty

in The East Country: Almanac Tales of Valley and Shore

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709333
eISBN:
9781501709340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709333.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This introductory chapter details winter in the east country, a time when pressure dropped, winds rushed from afar, and temperature fell to minus 10 °C. It was also a time when a midwinter gale came ... More


U.S. Population Activism in the New Century

John Firor

in The Crowded Greenhouse: Population, Climate Change, and Creating a Sustainable World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300093209
eISBN:
9780300133448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300093209.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter explains how activists can best approach the population issue in the United States. It argues for a rather new approach, one that resonates with Cairo rather than with the older ... More


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