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A Neurobiology for the Interactional Instinct

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

in The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The interactional instinct consists of an appetitive and a consummatory component. The biology underlying consummation develops first and involves the expression of endogenous opiates during ... More


The Interactional Instinct in Primary‐ and Second‐Language Acquisition

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

in The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In second‐language acquisition, the affiliative phase comes first. The learner positively appraises one or more speakers of the target language and makes efforts to affiliate with them. If the ... More


Central Neural Circuits Regulating Maternal Behavior in Nonhuman Mammals

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 5 reviews the brain circuits that regulate maternal behavior in nonhuman mammals. The medial preoptic area (MPOA) is essential for both the onset and maintenance of maternal behavior. ... More


Balancing Consumption: Brain Insights from PleasureCycles

L. Kringelbach Morten

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Pleasure is central to the survival of individuals and species. The main challenge for the brain is to successfully balance the survival-related decision-making involved in optimizing resource ... More


Harmonization Through Art Harmonization Through Art

Singer Irving

in Meaning in Life: The Harmony of Nature and Spirit

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513586
eISBN:
9780262259200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513586.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Both meaning and happiness occupy a central place in life in nature and in the life of spirit, and each may coexist as in the workings of imagination and idealization. Art unites our disparate ... More


The Hungry Brain

Paul Fletcher

in Sustainable Consumption: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives In Honour of Professor Sir Partha Dasgupta

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199679355
eISBN:
9780191758423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679355.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter summarizes neuroscience research on what drives consumption of food and introduces the concepts of appetitive behaviours and consummatory behaviours, the former being what governs the ... More


Renqing as Guanxi and in Guanxi

Jack Barbalet

in The Theory of Guanxi and Chinese Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198808732
eISBN:
9780191846465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808732.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Knowledge Management

This chapter considers guanxi-like practices in a number of historical and social contexts, from the 1880s to the 1980s, when the term guanxi is first used. By doing so, many aspects of instrumental ... More


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