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Legitimating the Credit Infrastructure: Race, Gender, and Credit Access

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses credit access. By the 1960s, credit access was deemed to be unequivocally beneficial. Credit use, far from marking one as immoral or unthrifty as it might have in the 1910s, ... More


War and Credit: Government Regulation and Changing Credit Practices

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at a federal policy called Regulation W. As the federal government attempted to restrain inflation during World War II scarcity, it instituted both the well-known rationing program ... More


Postwar Consumer Credit: Borrowing for Prosperity

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines postwar consumer credit. Many in the postwar United States achieved a material prosperity that, in debt's absence, they could not have attained. Indeed, this postwar prosperity ... More


Consumer Credit, Self-Discipline, and Risk Management

Paul Langley

in Managing Financial Risks: From Global to Local

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199557431
eISBN:
9780191721687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557431.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter examines the embodied economy of mass market consumer credit, an area of economic activity that ballooned at the same time as the housing market. Drawing on governmentality literature, ... More


Personal Data in the Marketplace: Credit, Insurance, and Advertising

James B. Rule

in Privacy in Peril: How We Are Sacrificing a Fundamental Right in Exchange for Security and Convenience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195307832
eISBN:
9780199944040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307832.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter studies surveillance in people's financial affairs and in the world of markets and profit-making. The discussion focuses on the marketing of personal data in three domains, namely direct ... More


Working-Class Life, Consumer Credit, and the Making of Agency Mail Order

Coopey Richard, Sean O‘Connell, and Dilwyn Porter

in Mail Order Retailing in Britain: A Business and Social History

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198296508
eISBN:
9780191716638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296508.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explores the role of the spare-time agent, from the watch club organizer of the late 19th century through to the working housewife and mother a century later. By the end of the 1930s, ... More


Hard Payments: Consumer Credit and Thrift

Lendol Calder

in Thrift and Thriving in America: Capitalism and Moral Order from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769063
eISBN:
9780199896851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769063.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter deals with the transformation of credit across the late 19th and early 20th centuries. First, it considers the notion that credit is an essentially modern invention by detailing the ... More


The Boom in Everyday Borrowing

Paul Langley

in The Everyday Life of Global Finance: Saving and Borrowing in Anglo-America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199236596
eISBN:
9780191717079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236596.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on the boom in everyday borrowing and the qualitative transformations in consumer credit and mortgage networks that have made it possible. This boom is situated in the two ... More


Mail Order Agency in Post-war Britain: The Agent, The Company, and The Customer

Coopey Richard, Sean O‘Connell, and Dilwyn Porter

in Mail Order Retailing in Britain: A Business and Social History

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198296508
eISBN:
9780191716638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296508.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the importance of the relationship between mail order and ‘free’ consumer credit. British mail order houses helped their customers finance their purchases by allowing them ... More


Introduction and Overview of Consumer Credit: Development, Uses, Kinds, and Policy Issues

Thomas A. Durkin, Gregory Elliehausen, Michael E. Staten, and Todd J. Zywicki

in Consumer Credit and the American Economy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780195169928
eISBN:
9780199384976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169928.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The term consumer credit refers to all kinds of credit employed by individuals that are not collateralized by real estate or financial assets such as stocks and bonds and not used for business ... More


Consumer Credit and Debt

Michael Lobban

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XII: 1820–1914 Private Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258826
eISBN:
9780191705168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258826.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on consumer credit and debt in the 19th century covers imprisonment for debt, the poor man's bankruptcy, pawnbroking, money lenders, and the purchase of goods through hire purchase ... More


Consumer Credit and the American Economy

Thomas A. Durkin, Gregory Elliehausen, Michael E. Staten, and Todd J. Zywicki

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780195169928
eISBN:
9780199384976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169928.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapters 1 to 5 discuss types, trends, and basic economics and psychology of consumer credit use, including credit demand, credit supply, theories from behavioral economics, and financial ... More


Sources of Credit and the Extent of the Credit Market: A View from Bankruptcy Records in Mississippi, 1929–1936

Mary Eschelbach Hansen

in Enterprising America: Businesses, Banks, and Credit Markets in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226261621
eISBN:
9780226261768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261768.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter exploits newly-collected, highly-detailed data on sources of credit drawn from documents filed by a sample of petitioners for bankruptcy in Mississippi in the 1930s. The bankruptcy ... More


Consumer-Citizens: Inflation, Credit, and Taxing the Middle Classes, 1973–1985

in Waking from the Dream: Mexico's Middle Classes after 1968

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804781510
eISBN:
9780804784573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781510.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines the effects of inflation, which began increasing significantly and erratically in the early 1970s. It documents a changing economic relationship between the middle classes and ... More


Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Louis Hyman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Before the twentieth century, personal debt resided on the fringes of the American economy, the province of small-time criminals and struggling merchants. By the end of the century, however, the most ... More


1740 and the Rules of the Game

Philip T. Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

in Dark Matter Credit

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182179
eISBN:
9780691185057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182179.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter looks at the size of the market in 1740 and explores who was involved in it. The stock of notarial debt, even though it excluded nearly all commercial and consumer credit, amounted to ... More


The Rise of Consumer Credit in Postcommunist Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland

Akos Rona-Tas

in Socialism Vanquished, Socialism Challenged: Eastern Europe and China, 1989-2009

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895977
eISBN:
9780199980116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895977.003.0051
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter argues that with the retrenchment of the welfare state in Central Europe, just as in more developed Western countries, consumer credit has emerged as an alternative way of redistributing ... More


Finance and Ownership

ANDREW GLYN

in Capitalism Unleashed: Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226795
eISBN:
9780191710544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226795.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter traces shifts in the financial landscape over the past twenty-five years. These include the rise of the financial sector, the consumer credit boom that resulted in a rise in household ... More


Truth in Lending? Consumer Credit and Social Policy after Crowther

Stuart Aveyard, Paul Corthorn, and Sean O’Connell

in The Politics of Consumer Credit in the UK, 1938-1992

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198732235
eISBN:
9780191796555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198732235.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Chapter 7 addresses consumer protection issues from the 1970s onwards. It discusses the increasingly complex connections between mortgage and consumer credit, particularly in terms of second ... More


The American Way of Selling

Andrew Gordon

in Fabricating Consumers: The Sewing Machine in Modern Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267855
eISBN:
9780520950313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267855.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The renowned selling system developed in America that was brought to Japan in 1900 had by then taken firm shape as a product of trans-Atlantic and transnational experience. The Singer system helped ... More


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