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Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This book draws from a foundation of positive psychology and recently emerging positive organizational behavior (POB). Its purpose is to introduce the untapped human resource capacity of ... More


Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Donna Harrington

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339888
eISBN:
9780199863662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339888.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Measures that are reliable, valid, and can be used across diverse populations are vital to social work research, but the development of new measures is an expensive and time-consuming process. An ... More


Emotion in Speech Synthesis

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter emphasizes the notion that human speech is listener-centred; speech is intended to be heard and understood. Adding expressive and emotive content provides the listener with information ... More


Conclusion

Bernard Capp

in When Gossips Meet: Women, Family, and Neighbourhood in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199255986
eISBN:
9780191719592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255986.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. It reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that the gossip network was a social construct that was at once ... More


Introduction and Overview

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This introductory chapter overviews the history of construct conceptualization and measurement, emphasizing events and debates in social work illustrating broader trends in the social and behavioral ... More


Instrument Design

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter focuses on instrument design, with detailed discussion on anticipating the social relevance of varying options in construct conceptualization for scales and tests. Considering how to ... More


Establishing Evidence of Scale Score Validity

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter deconstructs the multiple forms of evidence combined to establish the construct validity of a measure. Some forms (i.e., face and content validity) are shown to be fundamentally ... More


Living in New Traditions

Christopher Harding

in Religious Transformation in South Asia: The Meanings of Conversion in Colonial Punjab

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199548224
eISBN:
9780191720697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548224.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History, History of Religion

This chapter looks at missionary and convert attempts to construct a Christian community life in the wake of the mass movements, including attempted socialization through education, ceremony, and ... More


CULTURAL KNOWLEDGE AND MUSICAL ONTOLOGY

Lawrence M. Zbikowski

in Conceptualizing Music: Cognitive Structure, Theory, and Analysis

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195140231
eISBN:
9780199871278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140231.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter addresses the problem of what counts as a work of music. This problem, usually called the problem of musical ontology, is viewed as one of cultural knowledge. It is shown that as opposed ... More


‘Cultural Poetics’ versus ‘Cultural Materialism’: The Two New Historicisms in Renaissance Studies

Howard Felperin

in The Uses of the Canon: Elizabethan Literature and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122654
eISBN:
9780191671517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122654.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines some of the weaknesses of the new historicism, including certain methodological and epistemological problems raised but not ... More


Metaphors We Live By

James W. Underhill

in Creating Worldviews: Metaphor, Ideology and Language

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748643158
eISBN:
9780748651566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643158.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

The explosion of work on metaphor in recent decades has its roots in the ground-breaking book Metaphors We Live By, written by Lakoff and Johnson in 1980. Though the two authors have modified their ... More


Persuasion and plausibility: history and rhetoric in the polis

Katherine Clarke

in Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199291083
eISBN:
9780191710582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291083.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on a different form of evidence for the creation of the Athenian past, namely its public oratory. Through the public speeches of Demosthenes, Aeschines, and Isocrates, as well as ... More


Methodological Issues

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes several methodological issues, including certain research design and analysis paradigms, related to the Seattle Longitudinal Study. The discussion begins with a brief ... More


Longitudinal Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the central core of the Seattle Longitudinal Study: the results from the longitudinal inquiries. The longitudinal studies consist of six seven-year follow-ups, five fourteen-year ... More


Studies of Cohort and Period Differences

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reports findings regarding cohort and period differences in cognitive abilities as well as on other variables included in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. Here, expanded operational ... More


Statistical Alternatives and Supplements to Random Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the following alternatives and complements to RA in terms of their assumptions, implementations, strengths, and weaknesses: (1) constructed comparison group; (2) propensity ... More


Genitive Case, Word Order in DP, and Objects of Non-Finite Verbs

Ian G. Roberts

in Principles and Parameters in a VSO Language: A Case Study in Welsh

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168211
eISBN:
9780199788453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168211.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter analyses the other principal instances of non-mutated argument DPs aside from the subject of the finite clause. The main purpose is to complete the picture of argument-licensing ... More


Understanding Polynomial Equations in n Unknowns

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall

in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149059
eISBN:
9781400850525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter examines the search for simultaneous solutions which eventually led to the creation of whole new algebraic constructs over the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The ... More


Understanding the Properties of “Numbers”

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall

in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149059
eISBN:
9781400850525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter looks at how mathematicians sought to understand the properties of “numbers” and in doing so pave the way for modern algebra. As mathematicians in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries ... More


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