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In Praise of Pedantic Eclecticism: Pitfalls and Opportunities in the Psychology of Judging

Dan Simon

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Chapter deals with methodological constraints and possibilities in employing experimental psychology towards an understanding of judging. While acknowledging the concern with the ... More


Validity

David L. Streiner and Geoffrey R. Norman

in Health Measurement Scales: A practical guide to their development and use

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231881
eISBN:
9780191724015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231881.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Over the past 50 years, the meaning of ‘validity’ has changed. It no longer is seen as an intrinsic property of the test, but as an interaction among the scale, those who are completing it, and the ... More


Accuracy: Criteria

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the theoretical and empirical bases for identifying the criteria appropriate for assessing the accuracy of social beliefs, interpersonal expectancies, and social stereotypes. ... More


Measuring Ambivalence about Government

Michael D. Martinez, Jason Gainous, and Stephen C. Craig

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines ambivalence about government. The 2006 Pilot Study had included a subjective, self-report measure as well as questions designed to tap into the specific considerations that can ... More


Causal Explanation within a Risk Factor Framework

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.35
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on construct validity and external validity. Causal explanation enhances research endeavors both by increasing researchers' confidence in the causal effect of their risk factors ... More


Methods for Correcting for Faking

Matthew C. Reeder and Ann Marie Ryan

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0041
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews socially desirable responding (SDR) from the perspective of score correction methods commonly discussed in reference to self-report response formats employed in personality ... More


Psychopathology without Nosology: The Research Domain Criteria Project as Normal Science

Claire Pouncey

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Although the National Institute of Mental Health characterizes its Research Domain Criteria program as a “paradigm shift,” its change in emphasis from discrete mental disorders to psychophysiological ... More


Construct Validity

Richard McCleary, David McDowall, and Bradley J. Bartos

in Design and Analysis of Time Series Experiments

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190661557
eISBN:
9780190661595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190661557.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Chapter 8 focuses on threats to construct validity arising from the left-hand side time series and the right-hand side intervention model. Construct validity is limited to questions of whether an ... More


Introduction

Richard McCleary, David McDowall, and Bradley J. Bartos

in Design and Analysis of Time Series Experiments

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190661557
eISBN:
9780190661595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190661557.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Chapter 1 introduces three categories of time series designs: descriptive, correlational, and interrupted time series designs. The evolution from a two-validity system to a four-validity system ... More


Design and Analysis of Time Series Experiments

Richard McCleary, David McDowall, and Bradley Bartos

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190661557
eISBN:
9780190661595
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190661557.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Design and Analysis of Time Series Experiments develops a comprehensive set of models and methods for drawing causal inferences from time series. Example analyses of social, behavioral, and ... More


Psychometrics as Theory Avoidance

Anna Alexandrova

in A Philosophy for the Science of Well-Being

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199300518
eISBN:
9780190677213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199300518.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In theory construct validation secures good measurement by balancing all available evidence. But does it do so in practice? This chapter argues that validation of well-being scales as currently ... More


Bonobo personality: Age and sex effects and links with behavior and dominance

Nicky Staes, Marcel Eens, Alexander Weiss, and Jeroen M.G. Stevens

in Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198728511
eISBN:
9780191795381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The study described in this chapter examines whether individual differences in six rating-based bonobo personality dimensions—assertiveness, conscientiousness, openness, attentiveness, agreeableness ... More


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