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Construal

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

An expression's meaning depends not only on the conceptual content it evokes but also on the construal it imposes on that content. Broad classes of construal phenomena include specificity, focusing, ... More


Envoi

William Croft

in Verbs: Aspect and Causal Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199248582
eISBN:
9780191740657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 10, “Envoi”, summarizes the book (NB: this is only a little over one page long!)


A Cognitive View of Synonymy

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

The chapter provides a concept of synonymy which all my historical and book-orientated research has as its basis. Synonymy is not merely an anomaly in the semiotic system because it disregards the ... More


Conceptual Semantics

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Without contradiction, linguistic meaning is seen as residing in conceptualization and as having a social-interactive basis. Conceptualization is fundamentally imagistic rather than propositional. ... More


Major Subclasses

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Despite being polar opposites conceptually, the two most fundamental grammatical classes—noun and verb—show extensive parallelism. One similarity is that both divide into two major subclasses: count ... More


Grounding

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Grounding is the grammaticized means of relating the thing profiled by a nominal, or the process profiled by a finite clause, to the ground (the speech event and its participants). As narrowly ... More


Imagination

Jerry A. Fodor

in Hume Variations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199287338
eISBN:
9780191700439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287338.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on Hume's two different, though compatible, ways of thinking about the relation between association and imagination. According to the ‘narrow construal’, imagination supplements ... More


Seeing the Big Picture: A Construal Level Analysis of Self-Control

Kentaro Fujita, Yaacov Trope, and Nira Liberman

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

People frequently make decisions and act in a manner contrary to their goals and values. These self-control failures are widely prevalent, troubling, and implicated in some of the most pressing ... More


The Received View

Robert J. Matthews

in The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and their Attribution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199211258
eISBN:
9780191705724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211258.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of the eight basic tenets of the Received View, which taken together firstly present reductive metaphysical claims about the nature of propositional attitudes, ... More


Situations and Broad‐Based Dispositions

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Philosophical psychologists have told us that “situationism” is bad news for virtue ethics and virtue theory more generally. Situationism is a research paradigm in social psychology that holds that ... More


Waging War, Planning Peace: U.S. Noncombat Operations and Major Wars

Aaron Rapport

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453588
eISBN:
9780801455643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453588.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

As the U.S. experience in Iraq following the 2003 invasion made abundantly clear, failure to plan properly for risks associated with post-conflict stabilization and reconstruction can have a ... More


Mental Control and Visual Illusions: Errors of Action and Construal in Race-Based Weapon Misidentification

Mark B. Stokes and B. Keith Payne

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter describes a research program examining the influence of race bias on visual perception, and focuses on disentangling the various ways in which we can describe these biases as perceptual. ... More


What Nativism Is (I): The Hypothesis of Special Faculties

Fiona Cowie

in What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The internalist construal of nativism appears to explain how nativism may be related to rationalism in epistemology, since nativism may be able to explain the link between an a priori belief and what ... More


Conclusion

Beatrix Busse

in Speech, Writing, and Thought Presentation in 19th-Century Narrative Fiction: A Corpus-Assisted Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190212360
eISBN:
9780190212384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190212360.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language, Historical Linguistics

The final chapter summarizes the results from the study and presents directions for future research. The study has illustrated that speech, writing, and thought presentation in 19th-century narrative ... More


Introduction

William Croft

in Verbs: Aspect and Causal Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199248582
eISBN:
9780191740657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 1, “Introduction”, provides the theoretical framework for the analyses in the subsequent chapters. Different means for representing semantic structure - logical formulas, diagrams, and ... More


The aspectual structure of events

William Croft

in Verbs: Aspect and Causal Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199248582
eISBN:
9780191740657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 2, “The aspectual structure of events”, presents a fine-grained classification of aspectual types and introduces the two-dimensional geometric representation of aspectual structure. A verb ... More


Change, boundedness, and construal

William Croft

in Verbs: Aspect and Causal Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199248582
eISBN:
9780191740657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 3, “Change, boundedness and construal”, analyzes a number of grammatical aspect phenomena in terms of the two-dimensional model introduced in chapter 2. Events may be incremental or scalar in ... More


Prediction: A Construal-Level Theory Perspective

Nira Liberman, Yaacov Trope, and SoYon Rim

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0053
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter argues that abstraction has evolved in the service of prediction. Construal-level theory (CLT) is used to examine how people bridge the past and the future by means of abstraction, or, ... More


Texture and Meaning

Peter Stockwell

in Texture - A Cognitive Aesthetics of Reading

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625819
eISBN:
9780748651511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625819.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter draws closely on cognitive grammar to show the aesthetic dimension in meaning-making, through a consideration of construal. Where cognitive grammar largely rests at clause-level, it ... More


Introduction and overview

Peter John Glanville

in The Lexical Semantics of the Arabic Verb

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198792734
eISBN:
9780191834691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792734.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Chapter 1 presents the book as an investigation of the construction of meaning and its linguistic construal, focusing on the derivational morphology of Arabic. It presents the thesis of the work, ... More


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