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## SPECTRALLY CONSTRAINED APPROXIMATION

*Moody T. Chu and Gene H. Golub*

### in Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198566649
- eISBN:
- 9780191718021
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566649.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter shows that the problems of computing least squares approximations for various types of real and symmetric matrices subject to spectral constraints share a common structure. A general ... More

## Optimization Under Unknown Constraints *

*Robert B. Gramacy and Herbert K. H. Lee*

### in Bayesian Statistics 9

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199694587
- eISBN:
- 9780191731921
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0008
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Optimization of complex functions, such as the output of computer simulators, is a difficult task that has received much attention in the literature. A less studied problem is that of optimization ... More

## Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

*Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- August 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780199378296
- eISBN:
- 9780199378319
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, International

Genocide has received extensive scholarly, policy, and practitioner attention. Missing is the contribution of economists to understand and prevent such atrocities. This book—the first of its ... More

## Rational Inference: A Constrained Optimization Framework

*Amos Golan*

### in Foundations of Info-Metrics: Modeling, Inference, and Imperfect Information

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- November 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199349524
- eISBN:
- 9780199349555
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199349524.003.0002
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In this chapter I present arguments for the use of info-metrics as a fundamental framework for rational inference. The chapter consists of two interdependent parts. In the first I provide the ... More

## Theoretical Foundations of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health and Medicine

*David O. Meltzer, Anirban Basu, and Mark J. Sculpher*

### in Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- November 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780190492939
- eISBN:
- 9780190492960
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492939.003.0002
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter considers the foundations of cost-effectiveness analysis in constrained optimization, highlighting questions that this framework raises about objectives to be maximized, constraints to ... More

## Optimization with PDE Constraints

*Howard C. Elman, David J. Silvester, and Andrew J. Wathen*

### in Finite Elements and Fast Iterative Solvers: with Applications in Incompressible Fluid Dynamics

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- September 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780199678792
- eISBN:
- 9780191780745
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678792.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Numerical Analysis, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter is an introduction to techniques of optimization with constraints defined by partial differential equations. It discusses optimization and discretization methods together with solution ... More

## Info-Metrics and Statistical Inference: Discrete Problems

*Amos Golan*

### in Foundations of Info-Metrics: Modeling, Inference, and Imperfect Information

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- November 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199349524
- eISBN:
- 9780199349555
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199349524.003.0012
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter is the first of a two-chapter sequence looking into the relationship between info-metrics and the more familiar statistical methods of inference, with an emphasis on ... More

## Foundations of Info-Metrics: Modeling, Inference, and Imperfect Information

*Amos Golan*

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- November 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199349524
- eISBN:
- 9780199349555
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199349524.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book provides a framework for info-metrics—the science of modeling, inference, and reasoning under conditions of noisy and insufficient information. Info-metrics is an inherently ... More

## Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

*Jeremy A. Lauer, Alec Morton, and Melanie Bertram*

### in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- December 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780190912765
- eISBN:
- 9780190912796
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0005
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is a form of economic evaluation concerned with efficiency: that is, with achieving the most for the resources (“value for money”). This chapter explains the appeal ... More

## The Decision Problem

*Charles Perrings*

### in Conservation: Economics, Science, and Policy

- Published in print:
- 2021
- Published Online:
- May 2021
- ISBN:
- 9780190613600
- eISBN:
- 9780190613648
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780190613600.003.0002
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 2 reviews key elements of decision theory as applied to the management of environmental resources. It illustrates the principles governing economic decisions generally, especially the ... More

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