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SPECTRALLY CONSTRAINED APPROXIMATION

Moody T. Chu and Gene H. Golub

in Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566649
eISBN:
9780191718021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566649.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter shows that the problems of computing least squares approximations for various types of real and symmetric matrices subject to spectral constraints share a common structure. A general ... More


Optimization Under Unknown Constraints *

Robert B. Gramacy and Herbert K. H. Lee

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Optimization of complex functions, such as the output of computer simulators, is a difficult task that has received much attention in the literature. A less studied problem is that of optimization ... More


Rational Inference: A Constrained Optimization Framework

Amos Golan

in Foundations of Info-Metrics: Modeling, Inference, and Imperfect Information

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199349524
eISBN:
9780199349555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199349524.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In this chapter I present arguments for the use of info-metrics as a fundamental framework for rational inference. The chapter consists of two interdependent parts. In the first I provide the ... More


Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Genocide has received extensive scholarly, policy, and practitioner attention. Missing is the contribution of economists to understand and prevent such atrocities. This book—the first of its ... More


Optimization with PDE Constraints

Howard C. Elman, David J. Silvester, and Andrew J. Wathen

in Finite Elements and Fast Iterative Solvers: with Applications in Incompressible Fluid Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199678792
eISBN:
9780191780745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678792.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter is an introduction to techniques of optimization with constraints defined by partial differential equations. It discusses optimization and discretization methods together with solution ... More


Theoretical Foundations of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health and Medicine

David O. Meltzer, Anirban Basu, and Mark J. Sculpher

in Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190492939
eISBN:
9780190492960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492939.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter considers the foundations of cost-effectiveness analysis in constrained optimization, highlighting questions that this framework raises about objectives to be maximized, constraints to ... More


Info-Metrics and Statistical Inference: Discrete Problems

Amos Golan

in Foundations of Info-Metrics: Modeling, Inference, and Imperfect Information

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199349524
eISBN:
9780199349555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199349524.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter is the first of a two-chapter sequence looking into the relationship between info-metrics and the more familiar statistical methods of inference, with an emphasis on ... More


Foundations of Info-Metrics: Modeling, Inference, and Imperfect Information

Amos Golan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199349524
eISBN:
9780199349555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199349524.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book provides a framework for info-metrics—the science of modeling, inference, and reasoning under conditions of noisy and insufficient information. Info-metrics is an inherently ... More


Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Jeremy A. Lauer, Alec Morton, and Melanie Bertram

in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is a form of economic evaluation concerned with efficiency: that is, with achieving the most for the resources (“value for money”). This chapter explains the appeal ... More


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