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A Simple Theory of Introspection

Declan Smithies

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a simple theory of introspection, according to which one has introspective access to the fact that one is in a certain mental state just by virtue of being in that mental state. ... More


Judgment as a Guide to Belief

Nicholas Silins

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter investigates the way in which our conscious judgments can be a guide to our beliefs, a topic discussed by Gareth Evans, Richard Moran, Christopher Peacocke, and Alex Byrne, among others. ... More


Laws of Nature, Laws of Freedom, and the Social Construction of Normativity

Kenneth Walden

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops a theory of categorical normativity, of those principles that have authority over us regardless of our ends and interests. It argues that there is an intimate connection between ... More


The Self and Self-Knowledge

Annalisa Coliva (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590650
eISBN:
9780191741043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590650.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The Self and Self-Knowledge collects papers by some of the major theorists working in the field. They all share the methodological perspective that philosophical analysis is needed ... More


One Variety of Self-Knowledge: Constitutivism as Constructivism *

Annalisa Coliva

in The Self and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590650
eISBN:
9780191741043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590650.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The paper presents and defends a specific variety of the constitutive account of self-knowledge of our propositional attitudes, labeled “constructivism”. It claims that such an account is suitable ... More


Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Paul Katsafanas

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Constitutivism is the view that we can derive substantive normative conclusions from an account of the nature of action. Agency and the Foundations of Ethics explains the constitutivist strategy and ... More


Action’s Second Constitutive Aim: Power

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter uses a roughly Nietzschean account of agency to argue that action has a second constitutive aim: power. It begins by offering a novel interpretation of Nietzsche’s obscure claim that all ... More


Practical Knowledge: Selected Essays

Kieran Setiya

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190462925
eISBN:
9780190462949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190462925.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In the last forty years, action theory has revitalized moral philosophy. Philosophers have explored the nature of agency; what is involved in acting for a reason; how we know what we are doing; the ... More


Further Views

Bart Streumer

in Unbelievable Errors: An Error Theory about All Normative Judgements

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198785897
eISBN:
9780191848070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785897.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses several further views about normative judgements and properties. It argues that cognitivist expressivism and descriptive fictionalism face the symmetry objection, that Kantian ... More


Activity, Power, and the Foundations of Ethics

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This concluding chapter summarizes the book’s argument and reviews the ways in which Nietzschean constitutivism differs from Korsgaard’s and Velleman’s versions of constitutivism. The chapter shows ... More


Intention

John Brunero

in Instrumental Rationality: The Normativity of Means-Ends Coherence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198746935
eISBN:
9780191809149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746935.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter develops a view according to which there is a constitutive aim of intention that parallels the constitutive aim of belief, and both of these constitutive aims can be used to explain some ... More


Introduction

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Normative claims purport to have a certain authority over us: they tell us how we ought to live, or which actions we ought to perform, or which ends we ought to pursue. But what justifies this ... More


Three Challenges for Ethical Theory

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

How can ethical claims be justified? This chapter argues that traditional attempts to answer this question encounter metaphysical, practical, and epistemological challenges. It argues that a new ... More


Normativity as Inescapability

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Constitutivism is the view that we can derive substantive normative conclusions from an account of the nature of action. Recently, a number of objections have been levied at the very possibility of ... More


Constitutivism and Self-Knowledge

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

David Velleman defends a constitutivist theory according to which action constitutively aims at self-knowledge, self-understanding, or intelligibility. This chapter reconstructs Velleman’s argument ... More


Constitutivism and Self-Constitution

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Christine Korsgaard defends a constitutivist theory according to which action’s constitutive standard is self-constitution. This chapter reconstructs Korsgaard’s argument for this conclusion and ... More


Action’s First Constitutive Aim: Agential Activity

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that action constitutively aims at agential activity. But what is agential activity? According to standard accounts, agential activity is associated with deliberative or ... More


The Structure of Nietzschean Constitutivism

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The previous chapter argued that action has a constitutive aim of power. To aim at power is to aim at encountering and overcoming resistance. This chapter explains how the constitutive aim of power ... More


The Normative Results Generated by Nietzschean Constitutivism

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The previous chapters argued that action has two constitutive aims: agential activity and power. This chapter investigates the specific, substantive normative conclusions entailed by these aims. ... More


Internalism and Entitlement to Rules and Methods

Joshua Schechter

in Epistemic Entitlement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198713524
eISBN:
9780191781940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713524.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, American Philosophy

We rely on belief-forming mechanisms: modus ponens, inference to the best explanation, and the transformation rules of our perceptual system. Why are we entitled to rely on these mechanisms? This ... More


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