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Introduction: Alberti's Window, Leonardo's Mirror, and van Gogh's Room

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter reviews Nelson Goodman’s proposals concerning depiction, identifies problems with them, and suggests how they can be overcome without appealing to a perceptual account of pictorial ... More


Essays on Actions and Events

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume collects Davidson's seminal contributions to the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of action. Its overarching thesis is that the ordinary concept of causality we employ to render ... More


The Value of Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is important for liberals to make sense of claims about degrees of overall freedom because freedom is a fundamental value for liberals. Freedom is a fundamental value for liberals because liberals ... More


Executives in Comparative Context

Klaus H. Goetz

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The comparative study of European executives stands at the interface of two subdisciplines of political science – comparative government (which focuses on the primarily political and governmental ... More


Reworking Sandel's Republicanism

Philip Pettit

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Sandel’s claims are indeterminate about the precise nature of America’s lost republican ideals, about what those ideals would require of us as citizens, and about where they would lead governmental ... More


The Place of Liberty

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Dworkin argues that equality is the sovereign virtue of political community but he also defends a form of liberalism that prizes individual liberty. This chapter examines Dworkin's attempt to secure ... More


The Morally Constitutive State

Toni Erskine

in Embedded Cosmopolitanism: Duties to Strangers and Enemies in a World of 'Dislocated Communities'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264379
eISBN:
9780191734410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264379.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the idea of the morally constitutive state. It introduces the second point of theoretical opposition for embedded cosmopolitanism. This forms an approach to international ... More


Reasons for Belief and for Action

Alan Millar

in Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that all belief calls for justification and that, accordingly, a normative reason for a belief must justify or be positively relevant to the justification of that belief. This is ... More


Picking Up Pieces: Lives, Stories, and Integrity

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter offers an account of integrity as a kind of reliability accountability under the demands of multiple commitments. Integrity involves keeping reliably coherent the fit between our ... More


CAREER SELVES: Plans, Projects, and Plots in “Whole Life Ethics”

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines John Rawls's idea of a life plan, Bernard Williams's idea of a constitutive project, and Charles Taylor's idea of life as a quest. Drawing on the work of Kathryn Addelson, each ... More


Positive Law and Objective Values

Andrei Marmor

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198268970
eISBN:
9780191713187
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268970.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This new theory on the nature of law breathes new life into legal positivism. This book presents a comprehensive defence of legal positivism on the basis of a novel account of social conventions. The ... More


Social Institutions

Raimo Tuomela

in The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313390
eISBN:
9780199870929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313390.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A detailed account of social institutions in force is presented. Social institutions are regarded as special collectively constructed social practices that are normatively governed—in part by ... More


PHYSICAL BACKGROUND

Eduard Feireisl

in Dynamics of Viscous Compressible Fluids

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528388
eISBN:
9780191713590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528388.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter is devoted to a review on the underlying physical theory. Besides the basic notions of reference configurations, kinematics, constitutive equations, and balance laws, this part includes ... More


Nietzsche on Epistemology and Metaphysics: The World in View

Tsarina Doyle

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628070
eISBN:
9780748652594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628070.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Few philosophers are as widely read or as widely misunderstood as Nietzsche. This book sets out to show that a specifically Kantian-informed methodology lies at the heart of Nietzsche's approach to ... More


Conclusions

Shawn Donnelly

in The Regimes of European Integration: Constructing Governance of the Single Market

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579402
eISBN:
9780191723087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579402.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

This chapter assesses the evidence supporting hypotheses set out in chapter 1 and discusses the implications for both theory and for negotiating constitutional rules for the EU. It sets out ... More


International Relations Theory and Integration

Shawn Donnelly

in The Regimes of European Integration: Constructing Governance of the Single Market

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579402
eISBN:
9780191723087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579402.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews international theories of integration and delegation, showing the added value of a liberal constructivist approach that brings contested, constructed norms into the equation. It ... More


Distinguishing State from Community: Michael Walzer’s Communitarian ‘View from the Cave’

Toni Erskine

in Embedded Cosmopolitanism: Duties to Strangers and Enemies in a World of 'Dislocated Communities'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264379
eISBN:
9780191734410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264379.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses communitarian political thought and the work of Michael Walzer. It explores the normative significance of distinguishing the idea of the morally constitutive community from the ... More


Conclusion

Toni Erskine

in Embedded Cosmopolitanism: Duties to Strangers and Enemies in a World of 'Dislocated Communities'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264379
eISBN:
9780191734410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264379.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter discusses the implications on the inclusive potential of a particularist route to ethical cosmopolitanism. It explores variations on the morally constitutive community and ... More


The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Christine M. Korsgaard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a collection of ten papers on practical reason and moral psychology. Part 1 defends the view that the principles of practical reason are constitutive principles of action. By governing ... More


Size, Scope, and Bias: What Differentiates Local Electoral Politics?

J. Eric Oliver, Shang E. Ha, and Zachary Callen

in Local Elections and the Politics of Small-Scale Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143552
eISBN:
9781400842544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143552.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter outlines a relatively simple way of understanding the dynamics of local democracy. Across the universe of democracies, three characteristics are the most powerful and widely applicable ... More


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