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Democracy or State-Building? 1906–1941

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

in Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter discusses the Constitutional Revolution of 1906-1911 and subsequent efforts to balance the demand for a viable state with the demand for democracy and rule of law. It then traces the ... More


Writing Travel, Making Genre

Naghmeh Sohrabi

in Taken for Wonder: Nineteenth Century Travel Accounts from Iran to Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199829705
eISBN:
9780199933341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829705.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

This chapter lays out the proposed theoretical framework for the book. It begins by evaluating the role of travelogues about Europe in Qajar historiography and suggests that a different ... More


Schools, Citizenship, and Revolution

Farzin Vejdani

in Making History in Iran: Education, Nationalism, and Print Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804791533
eISBN:
9780804792813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804791533.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores the role of private institutions and associations, including schools and committees, in creating new spaces for the production and circulation of histories outside of the ... More


The Historical Background

Cyrus Schayegh

in Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong: Science, Class, and the Formation of Modern Iranian Society, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254473
eISBN:
9780520943544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254473.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In the challenge of the Constitutional Revolution (1905–11), an emerging modern middle class argued that the earlier reformist focus on politics had failed. The new creed held that change would come ... More


“Monsters,” “Savages,” and “Turbulent Carriages”: The Revolutionary Atlantic in Motion

John Donoghue

in Fire under the Ashes: An Atlantic History of the English Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226157658
eISBN:
9780226072869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226072869.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Although religious turmoil enveloped the colonies at the outset of the Revolution, only in New England did these conflicts spark radical reformation-inspired, constitutional revolutions against ... More


Patronage, Translation, and the Printing of History

Farzin Vejdani

in Making History in Iran: Education, Nationalism, and Print Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804791533
eISBN:
9780804792813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804791533.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter demonstrates that the Qajar court’s creation of the Translation and Publication Bureaus in the mid-nineteenth century marked a break with previous patterns of court patronage for ... More


The Athenian Constitutive Revolution and Subsequent Revolutions of Ancient Greece

Saïd Amir Arjomand

in Revolution: Structure and Meaning in World History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226026831
eISBN:
9780226026848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226026848.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

The establishment of democracy in Athens through a constitutional revolution around 500 BCE is the subject of this chapter. Cleisthenes, scion of an aristocratic family who had been exiled by the ... More


Introduction

Lior B. Sternfeld

in Between Iran and Zion: Jewish Histories of Twentieth-Century Iran

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781503606142
eISBN:
9781503607170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503606142.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The introduction sets the background for the situation of the Jews in Iran at the turn of the twentieth century. This initial chapter provides a brief history of Jews in Iran and in the Middle East ... More


Revolutions of the Last Hundred Years in the Light of My Typology

Saïd Amir Arjomand

in Revolution: Structure and Meaning in World History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226026831
eISBN:
9780226026848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226026848.003.0013
Subject:
History, Political History

In the twentieth century, the modern myth of revolution acted as a motive for revolutionaries with the growth of Marxism-Leninism in Asia. The Asian revolutionary leaders from Mao Tse-Tung to Ho Chi ... More


Translators’ Introduction

Ali-Akbar Dehkhodā

in Charand-o Parand: Revolutionary Satire from Iran, 1907-1909

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300197990
eISBN:
9780300220667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197990.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter provides an introduction to Charand-o Parand. In the early years of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution (1906–11), Ali-Akbar Dehkhodā (1879–1956) published a series of satirical ... More


The New Deal and the Demise of Property-Conscious Constitutionalism

James W. Ely

in The Guardian of Every Other Right: A Constitutional History of Property Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195323337
eISBN:
9780199851508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323337.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the history of property rights in America during the 1930s. It explains that after the constitutional revolution of 1937, property rights received little substantive protection ... More


Charand-o Parand: Revolutionary Satire from Iran, 1907-1909

Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300197990
eISBN:
9780300220667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197990.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

A classic of modern Persian literature, Charand-o Parand (Stuff and Nonsense) is a work familiar to every literate Iranian. Originally a series of newspaper columns written by scholar and satirist ... More


Sur-e Esrāfil, Series 1, No. 5, pp. 7–8: June 27, 1907

Ali-Akbar Dehkhodā

in Charand-o Parand: Revolutionary Satire from Iran, 1907-1909

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300197990
eISBN:
9780300220667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197990.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter presents a column published on June 27, 1907, where Dakhow mocks the overzealous journalists who abandoned their newspapers in the midst the Constitutional Revolution. He also reports on ... More


The Ideological Struggle: The Delegitimization of Organized Labor

Jonathan Preminger

in Labor in Israel: Beyond Nationalism and Neoliberalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501717123
eISBN:
9781501717130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501717123.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Continuing the investigation into the labor-capital balance of power, Chapter 8 addresses the second of the three planes of struggle, that of ideological struggle. The chapter explores the ... More


A Caravanserai on the Route to Modernity: The Case of the Valide Han of Istanbul

Andrea Duranti

in The Bazaar in the Islamic City: Design, Culture, and History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9789774165290
eISBN:
9781617971334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165290.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The history of the Iranian community in Istanbul is strictly connected with that of the Valide Han, the largest urban caravanserai of the whole city, built in the 17th century within the commercial ... More


The War of Independence (1919–22): Road to the Independent Turkish Republic

Banu Turnaoğlu

in The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172743
eISBN:
9781400885220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter talks about how Turkish historiography has long overlooked the Republic's origins in earlier successive revolutions, above all the Constitutional Revolution of 1876, and later the Young ... More


A “Scientific Expedition” to Gallipoli: The Syrian-Palestinian Intelligentsia Divided

Salim Tamari

in Great War and the Remaking of Palestine

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520291256
eISBN:
9780520965102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291256.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter looks at the period of the constitutional revolution as a prelude to the Great War, interpreted by two eminent local historians of the life of Nablus: Muhammad Izzat Darwazeh and Ihsan ... More


The Supreme Court Writes a Constitution

Daniel Friedmann

in The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190278502
eISBN:
9780190278533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This chapter addresses the Supreme Court’s invention of an Israeli constitution through the use of its powers of legal interpretation. Israel, as a matter of fact, has no official document enacted by ... More


The Late Ottoman Practice of Violence, 1878–1914

Laura Robson

in The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198825036
eISBN:
9780191863684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825036.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This chapter surveys developments within the late Ottoman state. It begins by exploring communal relations during the period of tanzimat reforms, going on to investigate how the takeover of the ... More


Anglicanism and the State in the Nineteenth Century

Rowan Strong

in The Oxford History of Anglicanism, Volume III: Partisan Anglicanism and its Global Expansion 1829-c.1914

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199699704
eISBN:
9780191831812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699704.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

This chapter looks at the response of the global Anglican Churches to the increasing religious neutrality of the British state as a consequence of the constitutional revolution of 1828–9 which ... More


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