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Sounds: A Philosophical Theory

Casey O'Callaghan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199215928
eISBN:
9780191706875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215928.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Vision dominates philosophical thinking about perception, and theorizing about experience in cognitive science traditionally has focused on a visual model. This book presents a systematic treatment ... More


Depth constancies

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Information about the distance and depth of an object interacts with information about other features of an object. Depth constancies are one manifestation of this interaction. Perceptual constancy ... More


Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Gary Hatfield and Sarah Allred (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Seeing happens effortlessly and yet is endlessly complex. Among the most fascinating aspects of visual perception is its stability and constancy. As we shift our gaze or move about the world, the ... More


Constancies in visual depth perception

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 3 Other Mechanisms of Depth Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764167
eISBN:
9780199949373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764167.003.0150
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Perceptual constancy refers to the ability to perceive a constant feature of the world when the proximal stimulus is not constant. For example, we can perceive the size of an object in spite of the ... More


Vowel Perception and Production

B. S. Rosner and J. B. Pickering

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521389
eISBN:
9780191706622
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521389.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Vowels are an important feature of the world's languages. Languages, however, differ in the number and the acoustic properties of their vowels. The two main problems of vowel perception needing ... More


Objective and Subjective Sides of Perception

Alan Gilchrist

in Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Every perceptual experience has an objective and a subjective side. We see object size, independent of distance, but we also see that distant objects project smaller images. Early modern conceptions ... More


Constancy, Content, and Inference

David Hilbert

in Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The phenomenology of color constancy, with both illumination-dependent and illumination-independent elements, presents a challenge to both philosophy and vision science. There is considerable ... More


Epilogue: Advances and Open Questions

Gary Hatfield and William Epstein

in Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The epilogue reviews advances and open questions concerning the constancies. It examines the notions of “proximal” and “constancy” modes of perception, and finds that, in circumstances of reduced ... More


Sense and Sensibility in Così fan tutte

Jessica Waldoff

in Recognition in Mozart's Operas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151978
eISBN:
9780199870387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151978.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter places Così in the context of the culture of sensibility that indoctrinated its impressionable quartet of lovers. Its seeming representation of an anti-sentimental position needs to be ... More


Fiordiligi: A Woman of Feeling

Jessica Waldoff

in Recognition in Mozart's Operas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151978
eISBN:
9780199870387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151978.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter considers Fiordiligi's conflicted status as a sentimental heroine. She is a woman of feeling whose affectionate sensibility and natural sympathy for the suffering of others makes her ... More


Types of Flower Visitors: Syndromes, Constancy, and Effectiveness

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines pollination syndromes, floral constancy, and pollinator effectiveness. Flowers show enormous adaptive radiation, but the same kind of flower reappears by convergent evolution in ... More


Errors in Lightness

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter argues that the overall pattern of errors in human lightness perception offers a powerful method for identifying the kind of software used by the lightness system. In a systematic survey ... More


Theories of Lightness

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter outlines and critiques all the main theories of lightness, laying out the strengths and weaknesses of each. These include the past experience theories, contrast theories, brightness ... More


The Classic Period

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Prior to the 19th century one can find references to the problem of lightness and color constancy, but no sustained experimental program. Most notable in this regard are the insightful writings of ... More


The Katz Period

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The second distinct period of lightness work took place between 1911 and 1930. In the thirty-five years following Ewald Hering's Outlines of a Theory of the Light Sense, no important theoretical ... More


The Contrast Period

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Chronologically the fourth period of lightness theory, also known as the contrast period, extended from World War II until the end of the 1960s. Ideologically, however, it began at the end of the ... More


Illumination Perception

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines theoretical positions on the closely related question of perception of the illumination. An important theoretical question, closely related to the question of how well ... More


The Perception of Quality: Visual Color

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The color stimulus reaching the observer is the result of the source illumination being filtered by the specular and surface reflectance. Both the illumination and reflectance can be represented by ... More


The Perception of Quality: Auditory Timbre

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The sound reaching the observer is the result of the discrete frequency source excitation being filtered by the sound body resonances, analogous to that for color stimuli. However, the interactive ... More


Which Quantifiers are Logical?

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

There is no unanimity in the literature about what logicality is, but there is almost universal agreement, it seems, that topic neutrality or subject independence, that is, isomorphism closure ... More


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