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The Vocal Story: Forming Sounds into Words

Lorraine McCune

in How Children Learn to Learn Language

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195177879
eISBN:
9780199870202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177879.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the phonetic skills that serve the child in the construction of form/meaning correspondences: first the production of a repertoire of well-practiced consonant sounds, and ... More


Standard Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Standard Chinese, including sound frequencies and onset, rhyme, syllable, and tonal frequencies. It also discusses ... More


Shanghai Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Shanghai Chinese. Of interest is the fact that Shanghai has no diphthongs or contrastive codas. In addition, the ... More


Consonant Epenthesis: Natural and Unnatural Histories

Juliette Blevins

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that there are clear natural and unnatural histories for patterns of consonant insertion which make no reference to syllable onset or segmental markedness. It offers new ways of ... More


Spelling and Typos

Steve Hart

in English Exposed: Common Mistakes Made by Chinese Speakers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390755
eISBN:
9789888390465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390755.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter presents spelling errors that are caused by confusing certain terms, picking up bad habits, and simply mistyping.


Locality in Vowel Harmony

Andrew Nevins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140973
eISBN:
9780262280570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140973.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

Vowel harmony results from a set of restrictions that determine the possible and impossible sequences of vowels within a word. The study of syntax begins with the observation that the words of a ... More


Lexicalization of Sound Change and Alternating Environments

Joan Bybee

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter examines sound changes that occur at the boundaries between two words, setting up more than one variant for a word. What happens in such cases is interesting, because it is common for ... More


The alphabet *

Gerjan van Schaaik

in The Oxford Turkish Grammar

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851509
eISBN:
9780191886102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851509.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents the Latin-based alphabet of Turkish, which differs from that of English in the extra letters ç, ğ, ı, ö, ş, and ü, whereas it lacks q, w, and x. A detailed account is given of ... More


Morphological Classes as Natural Categories

CAROL LYNN MODER

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

One particular class of irregular verbs in English, exemplified by string/strung, shows some productivity, offering an opportunity to understand further the factors that govern productivity. This ... More


The sounds of Amazonia

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

Unlike their Andean neighbours, Amazonian languages tend to have just one liquid phoneme (frequently, a flap). Some have no liquids at all. There are usually more affricates than fricatives. A ... More


Consonants

Laurence Labrune

in The Phonology of Japanese

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199545834
eISBN:
9780191738562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545834.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

This chapter examines in turn each consonant of the Japanese system, presenting its main allophones and phonotactic characteristics. Special attention is dedicated to the phonology of the consonant ... More


Consonants

Warren Maguire

in Language and Dialect Contact in Ireland: The Phonological Origins of Mid-Ulster English

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474452908
eISBN:
9781474495622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474452908.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter analyses the origins of a range of consonantal features in MUE. Starting with an overview of the consonant system and a comparison of it to the consonant systems of the input varieties ... More


The two languages and their historical relation

Kristján Árnason

in The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199229314
eISBN:
9780191728464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229314.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

Chapter 1 describes the demography of the two languages and their historical relation, tracing them back to ‘Proto‐West‐Nordic’, the phonological characterization of which is based on evidence from ... More


Icelandic consonants

Kristján Árnason

in The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199229314
eISBN:
9780191728464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229314.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

The chapter starts with an overview of places and manners of articulation. Among the special problems discussed is the relation between palatals and velars. Alternation between velars and palatals is ... More


Faroese consonant segments

Kristján Árnason

in The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199229314
eISBN:
9780191728464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229314.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

This chapter describes the Faroese consonant system, giving an overview, and discussing parallel problems to those in Icelandic, such things as the relation between the fortis and lenis consonant ... More


The Evolution of a Morphome in Catalan Verb Inflection 1

Max W. Wheeler

in Morphological Autonomy: Perspectives From Romance Inflectional Morphology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589982
eISBN:
9780191728884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589982.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

Catalan verb morphology displays a curious and complex morphome that is not morpho‐syntactically motivated. The set of categories represented consists of (a) and (b): (a) 1st singular present ... More


A law unto themselves? An acoustic phonetic study of ‘tonal’ consonants in British Panjabi

Jane Stuart‐Smith and Mario Cortina‐Borja

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199609925
eISBN:
9780191741579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Despite the interesting position of Panjabi as one of the few Modern Indo-Aryan languages to show lexical tone, there has been little phonetic investigation into the phenomenon, or consideration of ... More


Consonants

Tomas Riad

in The Phonology of Swedish

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199543571
eISBN:
9780191747168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543571.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

There are eighteen consonant phonemes in Swedish. Sixteen of these occur in both a short and a long variant, and that distinction is phonemic. This is to say that consonants may be lexically ... More


Phonetics and phonology

Robert McColl Millar

in Northern and Insular Scots

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623167
eISBN:
9780748651528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623167.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter discusses the phonological variation in the area covering the vowel systems, consonant phonology and prosody. It shows that the Scots dialects of northern Scotland and the Northern Isles ... More


Phonetics and Phonology

David Deterding

in Singapore English

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625444
eISBN:
9780748651535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625444.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter first discusses the consonants and then the vowels of Singapore English. It then considers suprasegmental features such as rhythm, intonation and stress placement. It also compares the ... More


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