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 Applications

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter illustrates how the theory of repeated games with perfect monitoring can be used in economic applications. It examines collusion and price wars in oligopolistic industries subject to ... More


The Role of National Courts in Inducing Compliance with International and European Law—A Comparison

André Nollkaemper

in Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644735
eISBN:
9780191740695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644735.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter assesses how national courts can induce compliance with international and European law, and compares the relative strengths of national courts in this regard under, respectively, ... More


Bayesian Statistical Inference for Psychological Research

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces psychologists to the Bayesian outlook in statistics. Bayesian statistics is based on a definition of probability as a particular measure of the opinions of ideally consistent ... More


Inconsistent Arithmetic

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The study of formal inconsistent arithmetics has already occasioned a number of interesting technical results, as well as philosophical spin-offs. This chapter looks at some of these. It shows how ... More


Economics Goes Behavioral

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on behavioral economics. Most of the recent developments in behavioral economics converge with other social sciences in that they do away with the unitary individual. To date, ... More


The Blocking Approach in Real Time

Debraj Ray

in A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter studies reversible agreements under the blocking framework. It presumes that negotiations can open and reopen over an indefinite period of time. As before, a study of this phenomenon ... More


Why systemic management works

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter describes how systemic management does more than embrace all of the nine tenets of management laid out in Chapter 1. It shows how such management not only solves the problems created by ... More


The Challenge to the Unitary Individual in Western Thought

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter explores the strands of thought challenging the hypothesis of a rational unitary individual. One prominent critic was Friedrich Nietzsche. For Nietszche, the individual's attempt to ... More


Shift to a Consistent Eschatology: (Safenwil, January 1920—October 1920)

Bruce L. McCormack

in Karl Barth's Critically Realistic Dialectical Theology: Its Genesis and Development 1909-1936

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269564
eISBN:
9780191600678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269560.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores the factors that influenced Karl Barth’s shift from the process eschatological model which stamped Romans I to the consistent eschatology of Romans II. The influence of his ... More


Chaos, Decoherence, and Branching

David Wallace

in The Emergent Multiverse: Quantum Theory according to the Everett Interpretation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199546961
eISBN:
9780191741418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546961.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is concerned with the technical details of how emergent branching occurs in the Everett interpretation. Accordingly, its focus is on decoherence theory, the branch of quantum physics ... More


Stress and elastic constants

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter highlights a different but significant application of neutron diffraction in the measurement of engineering strains. It begins by defining the stress and strain tensors, and their ... More


REPRINT THE STATISTICAL MECHANICS OF POLYMERS WITH EXCLUDED VOLUME

S. F. Edwards

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents a paper that studies the probability distribution of the configurations of a polymer consisting of freely hinged links of length l and excluded volume v. It is shown that the ... More


THE ENTRY OF FIELD THEORY INTO POLYMER SCIENCE

R. C. Ball

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Two papers by Sam Edwards in 1965-66 changed the face of polymer theory with the introduction of field theoretical methods. Using these, he identified what is now known as universal regimes and ... More


SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD THEORY

Glenn H. Fredrickson

in The Equilibrium Theory of Inhomogeneous Polymers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567295
eISBN:
9780191717956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567295.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the topic of self-consistent field theory, a mean-field approximation method for analyzing the statistical field models constructed in Chapter 4. The mean-field approximation ... More


EC environmental law in the national legal order

Pål Wennerås

in The Enforcement of EC Environmental Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199229017
eISBN:
9780191711268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229017.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the concept of direct effect, and addresses the question of the extent to which individuals can invoke EC environmental directives in national courts. Three fundamental ... More


Language and Feeling

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0042
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter forty-two examines one of the most titanic theological battles of Hodge’s career. It recounts the many articles published in the Repertory and Bibliotheca Sacra as Hodge and Edwards Amasa ... More


The Logic of the Trinity: Augustine to Ockham

Paul Thom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823234769
eISBN:
9780823240746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The doctrine of the Holy Trinity requires the joint truth of the statements that there is a unique and simple God, and that there are three distinct Persons each of which is God. Saint Augustine ... More


Promising as Special Creation

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses two main matters. The first is the relation to the subject of Kant’s distinction between categorical and hypothetical imperatives. The second matter discussed in this chapter ... More


Calibration of Diffusion Models

Claus Munk

in Fixed Income Modelling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199575084
eISBN:
9780191728648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575084.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In the models of the two preceding chapters, the derived prices and yields are functions of the state variables and the few parameters entering the dynamics of the state variables. Consequently, the ... More


The ‘Consistent Ethic of Life’

John Finnis

in Religion and Public Reasons: Collected Essays Volume V

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580095
eISBN:
9780191729416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580095.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter gives a very detailed assessment of the many pronouncements in which Cardinal Joseph Bernardin articulated or envisaged (in 1983–1986) a ‘consistent ethic of life’ and proposed that ... More


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