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Explicating the notion of ‘causation’: The role of extensive quantities

Giovanni Boniolo, Rossella Faraldo, and Antonio Saggion

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0024
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter proposes an empirical explication of the notion of ‘causation’, which the chapter calls a generalized explication of ‘causation’ (GEC), based on the numerical balance between ... More


Beyond Constraint‐Based Models: Communication Channels and Growth Rates

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The number of communication channels may well turn out to be a major building block in constructing quantitatively predictive logical models in social sciences. This number does determine ... More


Causality Without Counterfactuals

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The author replaces his earlier explication of causal processes in terms of capacity for mark transmission with an analysis of the capacity for transmission of conserved quantities. This new theory ... More


Macroscopic Superpositions, Decoherent Histories, and the Emergence of Hydrodynamic Behaviour

Jonathan Halliwell

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Macroscopic systems are described most completely by local densities (particle number, momentum, and energy) yet the superposition states of such physical variables, indicated by the Everett ... More


The causal‐process‐model theory of mechanisms

Phil Dowe

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0040
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Wesley Salmon and the author of this chapter have argued that causation and causal explanation need to appeal to causal processes understood in terms of conserved quantities. This has the consequence ... More


Hamilton’s Principle and Noether’s Theorem

Oliver Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents extended forms of Hamilton’s principle and the phase space Hamilton’s principle based on the extended Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods developed earlier. It also discusses ... More


Symmetries & Lagrangian-Hamilton-Jacobi Theory

Peter Mann

in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Dynamics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198822370
eISBN:
9780191861253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198822370.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses conservation laws in Lagrangian mechanics and shows that certain conservation laws are just particular examples of a more fundamental theory called ‘Noether’s theorem’, after ... More


Hamilton'S Principle and Noether's Theorem

Oliver Davis Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780191001628
eISBN:
9780191775161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780191001628.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents extended forms of Hamilton's Principle and the phase space Hamilton's principle based on the extended Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods. Hamilton's Principle has already been ... More


Processes and Prevention

Paul Noordhof

in A Variety of Causes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780199251469
eISBN:
9780191892271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199251469.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The proposed analysis of causation is compatible with allowing that there are ways to distinguish the variety that falls under it. The same characteristics as those who take causation to involve ... More


Hydrodynamics

Robert W. Batterman

in A Middle Way: A Non-Fundamental Approach to Many-Body Physics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197568613
eISBN:
9780197568644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197568613.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins the argument that the best way to understand the relations of relative autonomy between theories at different scales is through a mesoscale hydrodynamic description of many-body ... More


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