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Reforming the Administrative State

Christopher Ansell and Jane Gingrich

in Democracy Transformed?: Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199264995
eISBN:
9780191603259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264996.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates reforms that arguably produce more direct forms of accountability and citizen participation in administrative agencies. A first type of reform is part of a larger trend to ... More


Citizens and Experts: Democratizing Policy Deliberation

Frank Fischer

in Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242641
eISBN:
9780191599255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924264X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Taking up the tension between democracy and science, the discussion in this chapter seeks to reformulate the relationship through the social constructionist perspective, emphasizing science as a ... More


Making use of mini‐publics

Robert E. Goodin and John S. Dryzek

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Democratic theorists often place deliberative innovations such as Citizen's Juries, Consensus Conferences, Planning Cells, and Deliberative Polls at the centre of their hopes for deliberative ... More


“NIH’s Window to the Health Care Community”: The NIH Consensus Development Conference Program

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, the history of the NIH Consensus Development Conference Program (1977–2013) is discussed, with a focus on the creation of the program, the evaluations of the program, and the changes ... More


Introduction

Robert E. Goodin

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In recent years, democratic theory has taken a ‘deliberative’ turn. Deliberative democrats tell us, most fundamentally, that we should shun merely adding up votes in favour of talking together. What ... More


From the NIH Model to the Danish Model: The Medical Consensus Conference Movement

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the development of the medical consensus conference movement. The NIH Consensus Development Conference Program was the model for medical consensus conferences in the US, Canada, ... More


Lesson #2: Diagnosing Deliberation

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the last of the options considered in chapter 4 for preventing interest groups' questionable influences on scientific research. It argues that there are normative, substantive, ... More


Philosophical Interlude: Objectivity and Democracy in Consensus Conferences

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Rational deliberation to consensus is a powerful ideal, promising both objectivity and democracy. This chapter explores reasons for concern about the rationality and democracy of group deliberation ... More


Making Medical Knowledge

Miriam Solomon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Consensus conferences, evidence-based medicine, translational medicine, and narrative medicine are among the most prominent new methods in medicine. This book explores their origins and aims, their ... More


Introduction: Beyond the Art and Science of Medicine

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 1 introduces consensus conferences, evidence-based medicine, translational medicine and narrative medicine. It shows that each was introduced with claims about how transformative for medicine ... More


Evaluating Health Programs for Populations

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a framework for health program evaluation, including economic appraisal, technology assessment, and decision making in health care.


A Developing, Untidy, Methodological Pluralism

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The methods discussed in this book occasionally contribute to medical controversy, especially when they have contrary findings. In general, disagreement is good for science but not so good for ... More


The development of public engagement in Taiwan

Mei Jen Hung

in Policy analysis in Taiwan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447308300
eISBN:
9781447311522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308300.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Public engagement in Taiwan has evolved with democratization. Based on William Duhn’s framework, this chapter discusses the contribution of public participation in each policy development stage and ... More


Concluding Thoughts

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers some concluding thoughts on the methods explored in this book, and on future developments. All the methods have something old and something new; something obvious and something ... More


What Is Translational Medicine?

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Translational medicine emerged in the early 2000s. Its main focus (T1) is “bench to bedside and back” research. This chapter argues that the focus on evidence-based medicine in the 1990s obscured the ... More


Environmental Democracy and Ecological Citizenship: From Theoretical Ideals to Practical Alternatives?

Frank Fischer

in Climate Crisis and the Democratic Prospect: Participatory Governance in Sustainable Communities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780199594917
eISBN:
9780191842108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199594917.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter turns to the question of environment and democracy. It takes up two themes in environmental political thought: ecological citizenship and environmental democracy. Not only are these ... More


How Can We Engage with These Values?

Kevin C. Elliott

in A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190260804
eISBN:
9780190260842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260804.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that one of the best ways to respond to the values that permeate scientific practice is to promote engagement between citizens, policymakers, scientists, and other scholars. ... More


Deliberative Engagement with Complex Policies

Simon Burall

in Whose Government is it?: The Renewal of State-Citizen Cooperation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781529200980
eISBN:
9781529200973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529200980.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Elections are important for determining broad political direction, but they cannot by themselves effectively draw out voters’ preferences and interests in order to inform and influence the wide range ... More


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