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Introduction

S. P. Mackenzie

in Politics and Military Morale: Current Affairs and Citizenship Education in the British Army 1914-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202448
eISBN:
9780191675362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202448.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

It was not until the 20th century, the era of total war, that ideological considerations became a real issue in Army education. Only with the appearance of mass conscript armies, at a time of general ... More


Birth of the ‘Secular’ Individual: Medical and Legal Methods of Identification in Nineteenth-Century Egypt

Khaled Fahmy

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter describes a number of medico-administrative and legal changes that were introduced in nineteenth-century Egypt and that gave rise to an individualized conception of identity. Prompted by ... More


Civil War America

Peter Brock (ed.)

in Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Thirteen documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the experiences of conscientious objectors in America in the Civil War. This war presented many pacifists, especially in the ... More


Patriotism and the Place of the Army in British Society

J. G. Fuller

in Troop Morale and Popular Culture in the British and Dominion Armies 1914–1918

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201786
eISBN:
9780191675010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201786.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the place of the soldiers in British society during World War I. The army below officer level had long been outside the mainstream of society, a mercenary caste in the hands of ... More


Refusal and Revolt, Spring 1943

H. R. Kedward

in In Search of the Maquis: Rural Resistance in Southern France 1942-1944

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205784
eISBN:
9780191676796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205784.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

A subsequent report on the first of July continued to underline that young men from the département were simply refusing to go on Service du Travail Obligatoire (STO), but nevertheless he wished to ... More


An Uncertain Future 1943–5

S. P. Mackenzie

in The Home Guard: A Military and Political History

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205777
eISBN:
9780191676789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205777.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter discusses the uncertain future of the British Home Guard during the period from 1943 to 1945. During this period there were major concerns about the morale of the Home Guard following ... More


‘Compatriots and Friends’: Gendarmes Across the Empire

Clive Emsley

in Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the aim of the Gendarmerie beyond the old French frontiers. The Gendarmerie aims to enforce and preserve the perception ... More


Discipline and Morale

David French

in Raising Churchill’s Army: The British Army and the War against Germany 1919-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246304
eISBN:
9780191697562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246304.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the role of discipline and poor morale in the weakness of the British Army during Britain's war with Germany in 1939. Most of the conscripts enlisted after 1939 were not very ... More


Morale and the Origins of Current-Affairs and Citizenship Work, 1914–1919

S. P. Mackenzie

in Politics and Military Morale: Current Affairs and Citizenship Education in the British Army 1914-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202448
eISBN:
9780191675362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202448.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

The development of current-affairs and citizenship education was in large part the result of changes in the British Army brought about by the exigencies of total war. Instead of being akin to the ... More


Amalgamations, reductions and conscription

Timothy Bowman

in Irish Regiments in the Great War: Discipline and Morale

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062841
eISBN:
9781781700648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062841.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

Conscription did not apply to Ireland; however, a number of Irish battalions did receive drafts of English conscripts and, in assessing discipline and morale, it is important to assess the impact of ... More


Across the Russian Empire

Edward G. Gray

in The Making of John Ledyard: Empire and Ambition in the Life of an Early American Traveler

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110555
eISBN:
9780300137811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110555.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on John Ledyard's arrival in Russia. Ledyard arrived in St. Petersburg in March 1787. Although he spent nearly three months in the Russian capital, he wrote little at all about ... More


Visions of History: Looking Back at the Algerian War

Edward Welch and Joseph McGonagle

in Contesting Views: The Visual Economy of France and Algeria

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318849
eISBN:
9781846317958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318849.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explores how the events of the Algerian War have been constructed and remembered visually in France post-1962, and the role this process has played in turning the War into a historical ... More


Introduction

D. Colin Jaundrill

in Samurai to Soldier: Remaking Military Service in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501703096
eISBN:
9781501706097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703096.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter discusses Grand Council of State's Conscription Pronouncement (Chōhei Kokuyu), which declared the state's intention to institute a blueprint for military service ... More


Instituting Universal Military Service, 1873–1876

D. Colin Jaundrill

in Samurai to Soldier: Remaking Military Service in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501703096
eISBN:
9781501706097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703096.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter presents two mutinies that broke out at army posts in the large Kyūshū prefectures of Kumamoto and Kagoshima. Both incidents resulted in acts of arson and desertion of thousands of ... More


Conclusion

D. Colin Jaundrill

in Samurai to Soldier: Remaking Military Service in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501703096
eISBN:
9781501706097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703096.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter reiterates that the transformation of military service from an aspect of social status to a national obligation was the product of a forty-year process of change that ended ... More


What Determines the Army’s Reaction to an Uprising?

Zoltan Barany

in How Armies Respond to Revolutions and Why

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157368
eISBN:
9781400880997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157368.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter lays out an analytical framework and outlines in detail the internal and external variables that affect the armed forces’ responses to revolutions. The army draws on four separate ... More


The third army: wandering soldiers and the negotiation of parliamentary authority, 1642–51

David J. Appleby

in Battle-scarred: Mortality, medical care and military welfare in the British Civil Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526124807
eISBN:
9781526138675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526124807.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians have long been interested in vagrancy during the early modern period, and the treatment meted out to travellers by local officials. However, despite the fact that so many vagrants were ... More


Conscripts and Professionals Beyond the World Wars

Clive Emsley

in Soldier, Sailor, Beggarman, Thief: Crime and the British Armed Services since 1914

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199653713
eISBN:
9780191744204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653713.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

Conscription continued for the fifteen years following the Second World War. Occasionally the conscripts were required to fight in the campaigns that coincided with the end of empire, as well as in ... More


The Death Hierarchy

Yagil Levy

in Israel's Death Hierarchy: Casualty Aversion in a Militarized Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814753347
eISBN:
9780814753354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814753347.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the structure of Israel's reformulated death hierarchy, which represents the policy outcome of the bereavement hierarchy, and its implications for the right to protect and the ... More


Institutional Dynamics: The Third Army Corps

James P. Brennan

in Argentina's Missing Bones: Revisiting the History of the Dirty War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520297913
eISBN:
9780520970076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297913.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Responsibility for waging the dirty war in Córdoba rested almost solely with the army’s Third Corps, other branches of the armed forces, unlike the case of Buenos Aires province and the federal ... More


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