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Distinctively Human Practical Reason

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter provides a modularist account of the main elements of human practical reasoning. It appeals to a norms module that is structured in such a way as to attach intrinsic motivation to stored ... More


Criminal and Moral Responsibility and the Libet Experiments

Larry Alexander

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyzes how Libet's experiments bear on criminal and moral responsibility. More specifically, it addresses the question of whether Libet has demonstrated that the consciously willed ... More


Self Is Magic

Daniel M Wegner

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Human action is a kind of magic, an astonishing ability to think of something and thereby make it happen. Perhaps this is why each person views self with awe — The Great Selfini amazes and delights! ... More


Lessons from Libet

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The real question that Libet's experiments raise is whether our conscious wills cause the willed actions. What is at issue is the effects rather than the causes of conscious will. The question is ... More


The Phenomenology of Agency and the Libet Results

Terry Horgan

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the phenomenal character of agentive experience—i.e., what it is like to experience oneself as the conscious author of one's behavior. Experiences with this distinctive kind ... More


Introduction

Benjamin Libet

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of our wills as a challenge to moral and legal responsibility. It is concerned with not whether anything causes our wills but, instead, whether our ... More


Do We Have Free Will?

Benjamin Libet

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a classic essay in which Benjamin Libet lays out his basic experimental results and draws philosophical lessons regarding free will and responsibility. He argues that the ... More


Bending Time to One’s Will

Jeffrey P. Ebert and Daniel M. Wegner

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Building on the research of Libet and others, this chapter shows that conscious will, and authorship more generally, is less a cause of events than an experience one has when the mind determines an ... More


The Mind’s Compass: Although the experience of conscious will is not evidence of mental causation, it does signal personal authorship of action to the individual and so influences both the sense of achievement and the acceptance of moral responsibility.

Daniel M. Wegner (ed.)

in The Illusion of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyzes why the conscious experience of will might exist at all. Conscious will can be seen as a feeling that organizes and informs one's understanding of their own agency. Conscious ... More


The Illusion of Conscious Will

Daniel M. Wegner

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Do we consciously cause our actions, or do they happen to us? Philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, theologians, and lawyers have long debated the existence of free will versus determinism. ... More


The Illusion: It usually seems that we consciously will our voluntary actions, but this is an illusion.

Daniel M. Wegner (ed.)

in The Illusion of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses how the idea of conscious will and the idea of psychological mechanisms have an oil and water relationship, having never been properly reconciled. One way to put them together ... More


Who Is the Controller of Controlled Processes?

Daniel M. Wegner

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Controlled processes are viewed as conscious, effortful, and intentional, and as drawing on more sources of information than automatic processes. With this power of conscious will, controlled ... More


Hypnosis and Will: In hypnosis the person experiences a loss of conscious will. This loss accompanies an apparent transfer of control to someone else, along with the creation of some exceptional forms of control over the self.

Daniel M. Wegner (ed.)

in The Illusion of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains how hypnosis involves a significant departure from the everyday experience and exercise of conscious will. The hypnotized person experiences the causation of his actions in an ... More


Phenomenology and the Feeling of Doing: Wegner on the Conscious Will

Timothy Bayne

in Does Consciousness Cause Behavior?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162371
eISBN:
9780262281690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162371.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines Daniel Wegner’s claim that the conscious will is an illusion and argues that the content of the “experience of conscious will” is more complicated than has been assumed. It also ... More


Protecting the Illusion: The illusion of will is so compelling that it can prompt the belief that acts were intended when they could not have been. It is as though people aspire to be ideal agents who know all their actions in advance.

Daniel M. Wegner (ed.)

in The Illusion of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at how people protect the illusion of conscious will. It seems that people do this because they have an ideal of conscious agency that guides their inferences about what they must ... More


An Analysis of Automatism: The experience of will can be reduced to very low levels under certain conditions, even for actions that are voluntary, purposive, and complex—and what remains is automatism.

Daniel M. Wegner (ed.)

in The Illusion of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter illustrates how automatisms involve the lack of the feeling of doing an action but may even go beyond this to include a distinct feeling that the person is not doing. The loss of ... More


The Dualistic Ontology of Culture (II): Psychological Findings

Stephen Welch

in The Theory of Political Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199553334
eISBN:
9780191756009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553334.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A complement to the philosophical arguments of Chapter 5 is found in some recent lines of research in social and cognitive psychology. Chapter 6 begins by noting the presence of an interpretive ... More


Consciousness

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The realization that the experience of consciousness is the result of a system of abstractions clears up some long-standing problems. First off the job of the conscious brain is to mine the world for ... More


Hard-Incompatibilist Existentialism: Neuroscience, Punishment, and Meaning in Life

Derk Pereboom and Gregg D. Caruso

in Neuroexistentialism: Meaning, Morals, and Purpose in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190460723
eISBN:
9780190460754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190460723.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Derk Pereboom and Gregg Caruso’s chapter on hard-incompatibilist existentialism explores the practical and existential implications of free will skepticism, focusing on punishment, morality, and ... More


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