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Altruism

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Finding an appropriate way of evaluating altruistic benevolence is a crucial test of a theory of virtue as a sort of intrinsic excellence. Some may think that altruism is sufficiently commended by ... More


Person Bins—Assembling Information According to Specific Persons: Information Storage

Kenneth H. Craik

in Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The theme of this chapter deals with the ways in which each member of a person’s reputational network gathers and cumulates impressions, beliefs, and evaluations about that specifically identifiable ... More


The Idiosyncratic Nature of Justices’ Behavior during Oral Arguments

Lawrence S. Wrightsman

in Oral Arguments Before the Supreme Court: An Empirical Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195368628
eISBN:
9780199867554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368628.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter illustrates the unique nature of questions from the different justices currently on the Court. Using the Big Five approach to personality description (extroversion, agreeableness, ... More


The Big Five

William Ickes

in Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the research history that led to the identification of the Big Five personality dimensions of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to ... More


Extending the Account

Thomas Hurka

in Virtue, Vice, and Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137163
eISBN:
9780199833283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137167.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter extends the recursive account by recognizing holistic virtues such as justice, which involve attitudes to holistic objects such as equal distributions or distributions in accordance with ... More


Morality and the Practical

Michael Slote

in Morals from Motives

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138375
eISBN:
9780199833696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138376.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Is an agent‐based sentimentalist virtue ethics of caring or benevolence sufficiently action‐guiding, given the focus on the inner life rather than external factors? The answer is that such forms of ... More


Religious Authority

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter applies the argument of Chapter Three again epistemic egoism to the domain of religious belief. Religious epistemic egoism must be rejected by a conscientious person. The form of common ... More


Autonomy

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that a view of autonomy is a consequence of the line of argument of the book. The norm of autonomy is conscientious self-reflection. Since belief on authority is justified by ... More


Epistemic Self-Trust

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with the natural authority of the self, and proposes that a self in both its pre-reflective and reflective states aims to have psychic states that fit their objects (believe what ... More


Epistemic Trust in Others

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that a consistently conscientious person owes epistemic trust to others. What is called here epistemic egoism is not possible for a conscientious person. If we think of ourselves ... More


Trust in Emotions

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives an argument for emotional self-trust and trust in the emotions of others that parallels the argument for epistemic self-trust and trust in others in Chapters 2 and 3. Emotions as a ... More


Trust and Epistemic Authority

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that among those whom we are committed to trusting epistemically by a consistent exercise of conscientious self-trust are some who satisfy principles of authority modeled on the ... More


The Authority of Testimony

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter moves from a defense of the authority of another person's belief to the authority of testimony. The chapter distinguishes the trust model of testimony the chapter defends from the ... More


Epistemic Authority in Communities

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter treats the authority of testimony within communities and show how epistemic authority in small communities containing a high degree of trust differs in some interesting ways from ... More


Epistemic Self-Trust and the Consensus Gentium Argument

Linda Zagzebski

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that epistemic self-trust is more basic than what we take to be reasons for belief, and that consistent self-trust commits us to trust in others. Epistemic self-trust is ... More


Conviction

Kimberley Brownlee

in Conscience and Conviction: The Case for Civil Disobedience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199592944
eISBN:
9780191746109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592944.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter develops and defends a communicative principle of conscientiousness. To satisfy this principle, four conditions must be met: consistency, universality, non-evasion, and the willingness ... More


Three Resolutions about Beauty: Ideological Conscientiousness as Device

Evgeny Dobrenko

in Late Stalinism: The Aesthetics of Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300198478
eISBN:
9780300252842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198478.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on the historical narrative that is part of the wider process of reformatting the representational regime for Soviet reality. It shows how reformatting was the main goal of the ... More


The Virtue of Honesty: A Conceptual Exploration

Robert C. Roberts and Ryan West

in Integrity, Honesty, and Truth Seeking

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190666026
eISBN:
9780190666064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190666026.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Honesty is two-handed: it encompasses both truthfulness and parts of justice, not as a haphazard assemblage, but more like two hands mutually coordinated—different, but essential to each other’s ... More


Treading Lightly: Conscientiousness, Information, and Ecological ImpactsSteve Vanderheiden

Jason Kawall (ed.)

in The Virtues of Sustainability

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190919818
eISBN:
9780190919856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190919818.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter casts conscientiousness as a virtue that is concerned with monitoring one’s impacts upon the world, from attending to and seeking to minimize the embedded carbon or virtual water in ... More


Epistemic Value and the Primacy of What We Care About

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Values: Collected Papers in Epistemology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197529171
eISBN:
9780197529201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529171.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that epistemic values always arise from something one cares about, and it is caring that gives rise to the demand to be epistemically conscientious. The chapter argues further ... More


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