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Events and Semantic Architecture

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199244300
eISBN:
9780191714153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244300.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book articulates and defends a simple conception of semantic composition: when two meaningful expressions are concatenated, the result is understood as a conjunction of monadic predicates; in ... More


Archaic Features

Dov-Ber Kerler

in The Origins of Modern Literary Yiddish

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151661
eISBN:
9780191672798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151661.003.0022
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter talks about archaic features, which were seen in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. These features may be referred to as formal or elevated. Some of them are the ... More


The Probable and The Provable

L. Jonathan Cohen

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The book was planned and written as a single, sustained argument. But earlier versions of a few parts of it have appeared separately. The object of this book is both to establish the existence of the ... More


Rules for the Knowledge Operator

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in The Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282593
eISBN:
9780191603587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282595.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter examines the idea that the logical principles governing the knowledge operator are the root cause of the paradox. There are two such principles: the first is that knowledge implies ... More


Chapter 5: Simple and Compound Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter offers two criteria for the unity of an assertion: the semantic claim that a single assertion is one which claims one thing about one thing, and the syntactic claim that an assertion may ... More


Concluding Remarks

D.N.S. BHAT

in Pronouns

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199230242
eISBN:
9780191710124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230242.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter provides a summary of the major conclusions of the book, namely (i) using the distinction between personal pronouns and proforms for providing a satisfactory definition for the words ... More


Locating Causal Structure in Language

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses how we use aspects of language. It shows that we use causal models to produce and understand speech even when we have no idea that we are doing so. Two aspects of language are ... More


Good‐Enough Representation in Plural and Singular Pronominal Reference: Modulating the Conjunction Cost

Sungryong Koh, Anthony J. Sanford, Charles Clifton Jr., and Eugene J. Dawydiak

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

When two individuals have been linked by a connective, a complex reference object is formed, and subsequent reference by plural anaphors rather than singular ones is preferred. Two reading time and ... More


Semantic Subordination Despite Syntactic Coordination

Peter W. Culicover and Jackendoff Ray

in Simpler Syntax

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271092
eISBN:
9780191709418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271092.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter explores syntactic constructions in which the syntactic connection between clauses does not match their semantic connection. The construction of concern is coordination with a so-called ... More


Tight Coordination

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses three dimensions of tight coordination, length of coordination, marking patterns, and semantic correlates. It is shown that coordination with different degrees of tightness has ... More


The Myth of Sentential Connectives?

K.M. Jaszczolt

in Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261987
eISBN:
9780191718656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261987.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter analyzes the Gricean legacy in the domain of sentential connectives and proposes a more cognitively plausible account of them in terms of merger representations. For example, conditional ... More


Hume’s Two Definitions of Cause

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines David Hume's two definitions of cause in the context of quantitative and qualitative research. The two definitions can be found in Hume's quotation from Enquiries Concerning ... More


Personhood and Logical Ability

Simon J. Evnine

in Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239948
eISBN:
9780191716898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239948.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that all persons must possess certain logical concepts—conjunction, conditionality, disjunction, negation, and quantification—and must be able to grasp certain valid inferences and ... More


Belief and Conjunction

Simon J. Evnine

in Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239948
eISBN:
9780191716898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239948.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that it is both rational for persons to believe the conjunctions of their beliefs and that they must do so to a large extent. Arguments against the rationality claim stemming from the ... More


The New Moon

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The month in Jewish lunar calendars usually began when the new moon crescent was first sighted, as evident from Philo, Josephus, and other literary and epigraphic sources (e.g. the Berenike ... More


Composition and Logic

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows that once we have accepted the solution to the negation problem from Chapter 4, this leads immediately to solutions to analogous problems about conjunction and disjunction, and in ... More


Realism and Causation

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Regularity realism (‘r’) is indefensible: the regularity theory of causation is not cotenable with any ordinary realism about the physical world. The first main argument of this chapter is that rr is ... More


David Hume: Objects and Power

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hume is not a ‘Humean’ about causation. His key thesis is epistemological; he claims that all we can know of causation is regular succession. His claim is not ontological; he does not hold that ... More


Epistemology, Semantics, Ontology, and David Hume

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hume is not a ‘Humean’ about causation. His key thesis is epistemological; he claims that all we can know of causation is regular succession. His claim is not ontological; he does not hold that ... More


Disjunctions

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers whether disjunctions create any special problems for the view that knowledge is to be understood in terms of adequate information. It illustrates a disjunction through the ... More


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