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Managing Congestion

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Chapters 5 and 6 assumed pure nonrivalry and infinite capacity for shared use. This assumption allowed us to focus on what nonrivalry enables and how commons management may be an attractive private ... More


Transportation Infrastructure: Roads

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter illustrates many of the economic concepts discussed in previous chapters. First, road infrastructure exhibits the classic supply-side economic characteristics, which are commonly ... More


Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Robert W. Poole Jr.

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This book examines how the model of state-owned highways came about and why it is failing. It argues for a new model that treats highways as public utilities, such as electricity and water supply. ... More


Traffic

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter mainly discusses traffic and traffic congestion in complex networks. First, packet switching in the Internet is explained, and then some of the features of Internet traffic are ... More


Transport Services

Christopher Findlay

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Lower transport costs are associated with integration of markets within an economy and of those domestic markets with the rest of the world. These linkages support economic development. Determinants ... More


Global Communications for a More Equitable World

J. Habib Sy

in Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130522
eISBN:
9780199867363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130529.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The Internet acts as a virtual and virtuous public good. It incorporates the activities of all who wish to use it. It allows these users to interact without any rivalry in their usage. And it serves ... More


Conclusion

O.P. Mishra

in Policing Delhi: Urbanization, Crime, and Law Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075950
eISBN:
9780199080892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075950.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This concluding chapter discusses the importance of the police. It provides an evaluation of the overall performance of the Delhi police and an analysis of police station-wise crime. The chapter also ... More


Road User and Congestion Charges

David Michael Newbery

in Theory and Practice of Excise Taxation: Smoking, Drinking, Gambling, Polluting, and Driving

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278596
eISBN:
9780191602856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278598.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Designing an efficient set of road user taxes and charges involves charging for scarce road space, setting corrective taxes for environmental externalities, and possibly employing additional taxes to ... More


Tanzania

M. L. Luhanca

in Telecommunications in Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102017
eISBN:
9780199854936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102017.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited (TTCL), a public-switched telephone network (PSTN), is the official provider of message transmission services in Tanzania. Basic provisions include voice ... More


Avoiding the Cognitive Fix Keeper Hole

Thomas A. Heberlein

in Navigating Environmental Attitudes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199773329
eISBN:
9780199979639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773329.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Keeper holes are places where the water swirls, turns on itself, and traps your craft. You go around and around, sometimes upside down and, occasionally, even drown. The cognitive fix is a big keeper ... More


Increasing the Flow: Activating and Creating Norms

Thomas A. Heberlein

in Navigating Environmental Attitudes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199773329
eISBN:
9780199979639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773329.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter shows how we can use structural fixes to create new norms and avoid the rocklike attitudes by sending more water over the rapids. We can reduce litter by getting rid of the barrels, and ... More


In the City

Lee Anne Fennell

in Slices and Lumps: Division and Aggregation in Law and Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226650265
eISBN:
9780226650432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226650432.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Perhaps the most pressing economic question of our day is how to make the most of our cities, which are a paradigmatic instance of the power—and challenges—of aggregation. This chapter reconsiders ... More


Our Troubled Highway System

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Highway users face chronic congestion, rough roads, and deficient bridges. This chapter provides a capsule history of U.S. highway funding and management. It compares highways with other vital public ... More


How the Private Sector Is Reinventing America’s Freeways

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chronic freeway congestion has led to the introduction of investor-financed express toll lanes in large metro areas. This approach combines new construction and congestion pricing. Examples of ... More


The Garden City Idea

Kristin E. Larsen

in Community Architect: The Life and Vision of Clarence S. Stein

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702464
eISBN:
9781501706141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702464.003.0002
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

This chapter provides context for Clarence Samuel Stein's engagement with and translation of Ebenezer Howard's proposed Garden City and for his advocacy of these ideas in his projects, service, ... More


What Have We Learned from Market Design?

Alvin E. Roth

in The Handbook of Market Design

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199570515
eISBN:
9780191765957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570515.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses some things we have learned about markets, in the process of designing marketplaces to fix market failures. To work well, marketplaces have to provide thickness, i.e. they need ... More


Epilogue More Leisure, Better Leisure, Cheaper Leisure

David George Surdam

in Century of the Leisured Masses: Entertainment and the Transformation of Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780190211561
eISBN:
9780190211608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190211561.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

By the end of the twentieth century, Americans worked fewer hours and had more discretionary time. They enjoyed a wider variety of leisure and recreational opportunities and more time to indulge ... More


The Trouble with Traffic

Marlon Boarnet and Randall C. Crane

in Travel by Design: The Influence of Urban Form on Travel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195123951
eISBN:
9780197561317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195123951.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

What about cars is bad? In turn, what should transportation planners do? In the early years of the automobile era, the transportation planner’s job was to ... More


Airport City: Heston

Peter Hall

in London voices, London lives: Tales from a working capital

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349842
eISBN:
9781447302711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349842.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter discusses the city of Heston, a developing and prospering city which is faced with the issues of aircraft noise, traffic congestion, pollution and strong sense that the quality of life ... More


Growth and Infrastructure

Dipankar Dasgupta

in Modern Growth Theory

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198069966
eISBN:
9780199080458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069966.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Inadequate infrastructure is a serious constraint on the growth potential of developing economies. A growing economy can take advantage of any given infrastructure if the infrastructure can handle ... More


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