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Cultural Evolution: Adaptive Diversification in Language and Religion

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines adaptive diversification in language and religion. The historic record contains many examples of the types of diversification occurring in these models. Diversification in ... More


1876–1880: The Peace Movement and the Eastern Question

PAUL LAITY

in The British Peace Movement 1870-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248353
eISBN:
9780191714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.003.03
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The crisis in the Near East presented the peace movement in Britain with its most severe test since the Crimean War. The Peace Society and the Workmen's Peace Association found themselves campaigning ... More


‘Profane pollicy’? Religion, toleration, and the politics of succession

Alexandra Gajda

in The Earl of Essex and Late Elizabethan Political Culture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199699681
eISBN:
9780191739057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699681.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Essex’s religious politics are examined. It is argued that the ecumenical views of Francis and Anthony Bacon influenced Essex’s attempts to style himself in the mid-1590s as the champion and patron ... More


The Politics of the National Service Act

L. V. SCOTT

in Conscription and the Attlee Governments: The Politics and Policy of National Service 1945–1951

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204213
eISBN:
9780191676154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204213.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter discusses the National Service Act and the history and diversity of Labour objections to conscription and to the situation that existed in government in the PLP from the autumn of 1946 ... More


Disorder and Innovation: The Reshaping of the French Churches of London after the Glorious Revolution

Robin D. Gwynn

in From Persecution to Toleration: The Glorious Revolution and Religion in England

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201960
eISBN:
9780191675102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201960.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

Henry Compton, bishop of London, asked a proctor in the Canterbury Court of Arches to prepare a formal order which required both the French churches of Savoy and of London in Threadnettle street to ... More


Preaching against the Puritan Movement

Mary Morrissey

in Politics and the Paul's Cross Sermons, 1558–1642

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571765
eISBN:
9780191728709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571765.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Where anti-Catholicism is a consistent feature of the Paul’s Cross sermons, preaching against puritanism is periodic and in response to particular moments of crisis (the vestiarian controversy, the ... More


Eileen Chang and Ang Lee at the Movies: The Cinematic Politics of Lust, Caution

Kam Louie (ed.)

in Eileen Chang: Romancing Languages, Cultures and Genres

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083794
eISBN:
9789882209060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083794.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Eileen Chang's “Lust, Caution” and Ang Lee's 2007 adaptation of the story deal with appearance, performance, betrayal and the cinema. This chapter looks at the various political positions rendered ... More


Afterword

John Ibson

in Men without Maps: Some Gay Males of the Generation before Stonewall

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226656083
eISBN:
9780226656250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226656250.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

The book concludes by drawing upon Emile Durkheim’s venerable notion that a society’s “deviants” are often highly valuable to that same society’s conformists, helping the conformists define ... More


The Evolutionary Rationality of Social Learning

Richard McElreath, Annika Wallin, and Barbara Fasolo

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The field of evolutionary ecology has long been interested in the design and diversity of social learning heuristics, simple strategies that animals use to extract useful information from their ... More


Conforming, Branding, and Research

Gaye Tuchman

in Wannabe U: Inside the Corporate University

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226815299
eISBN:
9780226815282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226815282.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This chapter highlights Wannabe University as a “middle-status conformist” that simultaneously seeks to conform to what other public research universities do, while developing its own distinctive ... More


Conclusion

Alec Ryrie

in Being Protestant in Reformation Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199565726
eISBN:
9780191750731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565726.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

The conclusion briefly surveys the book’s argument for Protestant piety’s dynamism, intensity and breadth. In particular, it argues that a single Protestant culture can be seen to exist across this ... More


The Reformation of the Queens

Malcolm B. Yarnell III

in Royal Priesthood in the English Reformation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686254
eISBN:
9780191766152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686254.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Theology

In the latter part of the English Reformation, the queens regnant maintained a claim to a sacred priesthood, though Mary sought to exalt Rome and Elizabeth as Supreme Governor was willing to ... More


Identity, Social Repression, and Public Policy: A Case Study of Anatolian Towns

Binnaz Toprak

in The Future of Religious Freedom: Global Challenges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199930890
eISBN:
9780199980581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930890.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter is anchored in the view that true individual freedom includes freedom from religion, or the liberty to live a life free of communal religious definitions of what is moral or proper. The ... More


The Elizabethan Church and the antiquity of parliament

Alexandra Gajda

in Writing the history of parliament in Tudor and early Stuart England

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780719099588
eISBN:
9781526139030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099588.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Modern historians have long recognised that conceptions of the ‘ancient’ history of both parliament and the Protestant Church were vital to the political, legal and religious argument of the period, ... More


Comics During the Soviet Era

José Alaniz

in Komiks: Comic Art in Russia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604733662
eISBN:
9781604733679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604733662.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This chapter examines the history of Russian comics or komiks under the Soviet regime, breaking it down into three main phases: the Revolutionary Era (1917–1934), Socialist Realism (1934 to ... More


Dynamics of Conformist Bias

Brian Skyrms

in Social Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199652822
eISBN:
9780191779367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652822.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter compares replicator dynamics for some simple games with and without the addition of conformist bias. The addition of conformist bias can create equilibria, it can change the stability ... More


Love at First Sight

Giorgio Biancorosso

in Situated Listening: The Sound of Absorption in Classical Cinema

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780195374711
eISBN:
9780190493202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374711.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, American

“When Love speaks, the voice of all the gods/Makes heaven drowsy with the harmony,” writes Shakespeare (Love’s Labour’s Lost, 4.3). The passage points to a long-standing use of musical metaphors in ... More


Grace and Conformity: The Reformed Conformist Tradition and the Early Stuart Church of England

Stephen Hampton

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190084332
eISBN:
9780190084363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190084332.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Reformed Conformity that flourished within the Early Stuart English Church was a rich and distinctive theological tradition that has never before been studied in its own right. While scholars ... More


‘The healthe of my soule’: Religion

Nicola Clark

in Gender, Family, and Politics: The Howard Women, 1485-1558

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198784814
eISBN:
9780191827112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198784814.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

Throughout the sixteenth century and beyond, the Howards are usually described as religiously ‘conservative’, resisting the reformist impulse of the Reformation while conforming to the royal ... More


Encountering the Slave

Sajal Nag

in The Uprising: Colonial State, Christian Missionaries, and Anti-Slavery Movement in North-East India (1908-1954)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199460892
eISBN:
9780199086412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460892.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter traces the arrival of Peter Fraser, a Welsh missionary doctor, in the Lushai Hills as a missionary, who encounters a group of people known as bawi. Bawis were interpreted to be a ... More


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