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Seeking the Formula, 1938–1939

Simon Morrison

in The People's Artist: Prokofiev's Soviet Years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195181678
eISBN:
9780199870806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181678.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter chronicles Prokofiev's activities from the spring of 1938 to the winter of 1939, a period that witnessed the loss of his ability to travel abroad, the arrest (at the height of the ... More


 English Historical Documents, 1660–1832

Timothy Fitzgerald

in Discourse on Civility and Barbarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195300093
eISBN:
9780199868636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300093.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The changes in typical usage of the various key categories discussed in previous chapters become more pronounced in certain contexts after the late seventeenth century, and the connection with ... More


Steps toward an Evolutionary Psychology of a Culture‐Dependent Specie s

Daniel M. T. Fessler

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Socially-transmitted information allows humans to survive in diverse social and ecological systems, a pattern that is as old as — and perhaps even predates — our species. This suggests that natural ... More


Human Groups as Adaptive Units: Toward a Permanent Consensus

David Sloan Wilson

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Foundational changes are taking place in the understanding of human groups. For decades, the biological and social sciences have been dominated by a form of individualism that renders groups as ... More


A Justificationist View of Disagreement's Epistemic Significance

Jennifer Lackey

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter developes a justificationist account of the significance of disagreement between epistemic peers. Whereas current views maintain that disagreement, by itself, either simply does or does ... More


Visible Identities: Race, Gender, and the Self

Linda Martín Alcoff

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195137347
eISBN:
9780199785773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137345.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In the heated debates over identity politics, few theorists have looked carefully at the conceptualizations of identity assumed by all sides. Drawing on both philosophical sources as well as theories ... More


Coming of Age in Iran: Poverty and the Struggle for Dignity

Manata Hashemi

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479876334
eISBN:
9781479806867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The subject of intense media scrutiny, young men and women in the Islamic Republic of Iran have long been characterized as walking rebels—a frustrated, alienated generation devoid of hope and prone ... More


Introduction

Christensen David and Lackey Christensen Jennifer

in The Epistemology of Disagreement: New Essays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199698370
eISBN:
9780191748899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698370.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The introduction by David Christensen and Jennifer Lackey briefly explains some of the main themes that have surfaced in the literature on disagreement. It sketches the distinction between ... More


The Deep Past

Alexander Somek

in Individualism: An Essay on the Authority of the European Union

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542086
eISBN:
9780191715518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542086.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, EU Law

This final chapter returns to the core theme of the book, namely, citizenship. As a conception of citizenship, however, individualism is systematically prone to conceive of collective autonomy in ... More


Routes of Escape: Cold War Individualism and Community Ties

Benjamin Looker

in A Nation of Neighborhoods: Imagining Cities, Communities, and Democracy in Postwar America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226073989
eISBN:
9780226290454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290454.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Fears over physical blight soon intersected with cold-war anxieties over infiltration and subversion. Chapter 4 surveys prominent cold-war interpretations of the city neighborhood's functions, where ... More


Introduction

Manata Hashemi

in Coming of Age in Iran: Poverty and the Struggle for Dignity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479876334
eISBN:
9781479806867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876334.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The introduction lays the groundwork for the arguments made in the rest of the book. It maps out how, contrary to popular assumptions, some marginalized youth in Iran—termed the face-savers—are not a ... More


‘Community of Action’ and Diversity of Attitudes: Reflections on Mechanisms of Social Integration in National Socialist Germany, 1933–45

Frank Bajohr

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

While foreign diplomats in Germany recorded a wide diversity of attitudes towards the Nazi regime, they underscored its growing social support among the population. Indeed, everyday social ... More


Encouraging Coreligionists in the Academy: “Let’s Be Extremely Catholic and Extremely Scientific at Once”

Nicholas K. Rademacher

in Paul Hanly Furfey: Priest, Scientist, Social Reformer

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823276769
eISBN:
9780823277292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276769.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Furfey pursued an intellectual apostolate according to which he advanced social justice in theory and practice through his scholarship and correspondence. In the mid-1930’s Furfey concentrated on ... More


Emerson's Close Encounters with Madness

in Theaters of Madness: Insane Asylums and Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709635
eISBN:
9780226709659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709659.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter poses the question of what the transcendentalist movement would look like if we placed McLean Asylum as the central institution against which the group defined its relation to New ... More


Centralizing Control: The Politics of Bodily Conformism

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

In recent years, scholars have begun focusing on the relationships among the body, space, and the cosmic ideal of spiritual attainment in early China. This chapter adds to these seminal accounts by ... More


Decentralizing Control and Naturalizing Cosmic Agency: Bodily Conformism and Individualism

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines fourth-century BCE writings that address bodily conformism at a more universal level. Zhuangzi in particular spoke of spiritual attainment in terms of the relatively ... More


Conclusion

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. This book outlined a variety of beliefs that support the power and agency of the individual in one way or another, as ... More


In Praise of Heresy: From Socrates to Ambedkar

Ramin Jahanbegloo

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780190130541
eISBN:
9780190992965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190130541.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

In today's global climate of pre-packaged opinions, every effort of original thinking is an act of dissent. To think radically today is to be a heretic: committing ‘heresy’ not in its theological ... More


What’s Causing Secularization? Insecurity

Ronald F. Inglehart

in Religion's Sudden Decline: What's Causing it, and What Comes Next?

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780197547045
eISBN:
9780197547083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547045.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Evolutionary modernization theory holds that both religiosity and pro-fertility norms are linked with existential insecurity, and a massive body of empirical evidence confirms this: secure people and ... More


Secularization Accelerates in High-Income Countries

Ronald F. Inglehart

in Religion's Sudden Decline: What's Causing it, and What Comes Next?

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780197547045
eISBN:
9780197547083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547045.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Although intergenerational population replacement involves long time lags, cultural change can reach a tipping point at which new norms become dominant. Social desirability effects then reverse ... More


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