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Anterior Cingulate Cortex Contributions to Cognitive and Emotional Processing: A General Purpose Mechanism for Cognitive Control and Self-Control

Marie K. Krug and Cameron S. Carter

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the topic of self-control from the perspective of conflict theory, a well-studied framework for understanding the behavioral and neural adaptation effects seen during the ... More


Conflict Control Loop Theory of Cognitive Control

Marie K Krug and Cameron S Carter

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the conflict control loop theory of cognitive control, a mechanistic framework that helps explain the behavioral and neural mechanisms that are engaged due to conflict from ... More


Ultimatum Game with an Ethnicity Manipulation: Results from Khovdiin Bulgan Sum, Mongolia

Francisco J. Gil-White

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Two Ultimatum Game experiments conducted with the Torguud Mongols and the Kazakhs, people with a traditional pastoral–nomadic culture from Bulgan Sum, Khovd province, Western Mongolia, are reported: ... More


Losing Twice: Harms of Indifference in the Supreme Court

Emily M. Calhoun

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195399745
eISBN:
9780199894444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399745.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Constitutional “losers” represent a thorny and longstanding problem in American constitutional law. Given the adversarial system in the United States, the way that rights cases are decided means that ... More


Kelsen's Doctrine of the Unity of Law

H. L. A. Hart

in Essays in Jurisprudence and Philosophy

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198253884
eISBN:
9780191681431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198253884.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines one of the most striking doctrines expounded by Hans Kelsen in his General Theory of Law and State and his more recent Pure Theory of Law. It is believed that Kelsen's doctrine ... More


Reinforcement Learning, Conflict Monitoring, and Cognitive Control: An Integrative Model of Cingulate-Striatal Interactions and the ERN

Jeffrey Cockburn and Michael Frank

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a model in which the activity of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is modulated in part by reinforcement learning processes in the basal ganglia. It describes how this ... More


The Social Control of Organizational Wrongdoing

Donald Palmer

in Normal Organizational Wrongdoing: A Critical Analysis of Theories of Misconduct in and by Organizations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199573592
eISBN:
9780191738715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573592.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter presents the social control explanation of organizational wrongdoing, the final account of wrongdoing considered in this book. This explanation follows from the normal organizational ... More


Conflict Theory of Corporal Punishment

Randall Collins

in Corporal Punishment of Children in Theoretical Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085471
eISBN:
9780300133806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085471.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter argues that conflict operates analogously on all levels, with differences in significance only relevant because they affect the strength of the variables, not the shape of the conflict ... More


Inequality and Transitions to Democracy

Stephan Haggard and Robert R. Kaufman

in Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores the relationship between inequality, distributive conflict, and regime change during the Third Wave of democratic transitions (1980–2008). It first provides an overview of the ... More


Opposed Interests as a Source of Conflict*

Janusz Reykowski

in Disenchantment with Democracy: A Psychological Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190078584
eISBN:
9780190078614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190078584.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

According to Realistic Conflict Theory, opposing claims to scarce resources such as wealth, prestige, and power generate antagonisms and initiate conflicts with potentially destructive consequences. ... More


Migration and Partisan Change: Movers and Stayers

Irwin L. Morris

in Movers and Stayers: The Partisan Transformation of 21st Century Southern Politics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190052898
eISBN:
9780190052935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052898.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

As Democratic Party attachment and support for Democratic candidates has begun to grow in the South, existing theories designed to explain Republican growth—whether based on race relations, economic ... More


Movers and Stayers: The Partisan Transformation of 21st Century Southern Politics

Irwin L. Morris

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190052898
eISBN:
9780190052935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052898.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Democrats once dominated the “Solid South.” By the turn of the 21st century, Republicans had taken control. We are in the midst of the dawning of new, more progressive era. Theories explaining ... More


Exploitative Strategies: Consequences for Individual Behavior, Social Structure, and Design of Institutions

Andrew J. King, Michael Kosfeld, Sasha R. X. Dall, Ben Greiner, Tatsuya Kameda, Kiryl Khalmetski, Wolfgang Leininger, Claus Wedekind, and Bruce Winterhalder

in Investors and Exploiters in Ecology and Economics: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036122
eISBN:
9780262339803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036122.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter reviews the consequences of exploitative strategies for individual behavior, social structure, and design of institutions. It outlines how natural selection should act to construct ... More


Predicting Police Misconduct: How to Recognize the Bad Cops

Robert J. Kane and Michael D. White

in Jammed Up: Bad Cops, Police Misconduct, and the New York City Police Department

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814748411
eISBN:
9780814785751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814748411.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter tests the bivariate relationships identified in chapter 4 by employing multivariate techniques to examine the individual-level predictors of police misconduct both for the total sample ... More


Migrant Magnets: How Movers Change the Politics of Their New Homes and the Places They Leave: The Case of Whites

Irwin L. Morris

in Movers and Stayers: The Partisan Transformation of 21st Century Southern Politics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190052898
eISBN:
9780190052935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052898.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Southern movers have both a direct and an indirect impact on the growth of Democratic attachment and support and the increase in geographic polarization within the region. Relatively young, well ... More


Migrant Magnets: How Movers Change the Politics of Their New Homes and the Places They Leave: The Cases of People of Blacks and Latinos

Irwin L. Morris

in Movers and Stayers: The Partisan Transformation of 21st Century Southern Politics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190052898
eISBN:
9780190052935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052898.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Just as at predicts movers influence the partisan attachments and ideological orientations of white stayers, movers and stayers theory leads us to expect stayers of color to respond to movers and the ... More


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