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Overcoming the Paradox of Conflict Prevention

Edward Newman and Eamon Aloyo

in Just Security in an Undergoverned World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198805373
eISBN:
9780191843440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805373.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Progress in conflict prevention depends upon a better understanding of the underlying circumstances that give rise to violent conflict and mass atrocities, and of the warning signs that a crisis is ... More


Essence and Definition of Collective Security

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Collective Security

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199579846
eISBN:
9780191725302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579846.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The validity and feasibility of the concept of collective security has for a long time been subjected to a debate and challenges on various grounds. The principal objections related to the alleged ... More


The Public Face of Cyberspace

Debora L. Spar

in Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130522
eISBN:
9780199867363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130529.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Most people do not think of conflict prevention as a public good, and yet efforts to prevent, contain or stop a war, if successful, surely result in conditions that convey broad benefits – not only ... More


Conceptualizing the Responsibility to Prevent

Ruben Reike, Serena K. Sharma, and Jennifer M. Welsh

in The Responsibility to Prevent: Overcoming the Challenges of Atrocity Prevention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717782
eISBN:
9780191787294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717782.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 1 provides a foundation for the conceptual issues and capacities to be explored, while setting the stage for the volume as a whole. This chapter employs both deductive reasoning, drawn from ... More


Operational Activities

Ian Johnstone

in The Power of Deliberation: International Law, Politics and Organizations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195394931
eISBN:
9780199894543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394931.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter picks up on a point introduced in Chapter 7, that the operational activities of international organizations (IOs) can contribute to the hardening of soft law, analogous to the manner in ... More


The Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, and the Women, Peace and Security Agenda

Rosemary Foot

in China, the UN, and Human Protection: Beliefs, Power, Image

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198843733
eISBN:
9780191879456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843733.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The protection of civilians in armed conflict (POC) since 1999 has been recognized as a core obligation of the United Nations, and as vital to the legitimation of the Security Council’s role and ... More


The Responsibility to Prevent Atrocity Crimes: Drawing Lessons from International Intervention in Burundi

Walter Lotze and Alexandra Martins

in The Responsibility to Prevent: Overcoming the Challenges of Atrocity Prevention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717782
eISBN:
9780191787294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717782.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the absence of agreed normative frameworks and the development of tools aimed specifically at preventing and addressing atrocity crimes, international engagement in Burundi from 1972 to 2005 ... More


Introduction

Jaroslav Tir and Johannes Karreth

in Incentivizing Peace: How International Organizations Can Help Prevent Civil Wars in Member Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190699512
eISBN:
9780190699550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699512.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

We describe the deleterious consequences of civil wars and note that, despite some successes, common conflict management techniques (mediation, intervention, peacekeeping) still leave much room for ... More


United Nations Constitutional Assistance: A Mechanism to Implement International Law and Policy

Vijayashri Sripati

in Constitution-Making under UN Auspices: Fostering Dependency in Sovereign Lands

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199498024
eISBN:
9780199098378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199498024.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter draws on the purposive analysis from the previous chapter to consider how UNCA with, and without its child, UN Territorial Administration (ITA) serves to implement certain areas of ... More


Middle Eastern Middle Powers: The Roles of Norms in Mediation and Conflict Prevention

Marco Pinfari

in Unfulfilled Aspirations: Middle Power Politics in the Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197521885
eISBN:
9780197554609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197521885.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter analyzes a selection of mediation and conflict-prevention initiatives promoted by Middle Eastern middle powers since the 1980s. It begins by noting that behavioral approaches to middle ... More


Engendering the Post-Liberal Peace in Cyprus: UNSC Resolution 1325 as a Tool

Olga Demetriou and Maria Hadjipavlou

in Post-Liberal Peace Transitions: Between Peace Formation and State Formation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474402170
eISBN:
9781474418720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402170.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the role of women in forging paths into post-liberal peace formations. The adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 in 2000 could be said to have marked ... More


International Fact-Finding Mechanisms: Lighting Candles or Cursing Darkness?

Cecilie Hellestveit

in Promoting Peace Through International Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198722731
eISBN:
9780191789496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722731.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter discusses international fact-finding mechanisms and their role in the promotion of peace. It relies on a stringent view of peace as ‘negative peace’, a reflection of the absence of armed ... More


Civil War Over Self-Determination

Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham

in Inside the Politics of Self-Determination

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199364909
eISBN:
9780199364930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199364909.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines when self-determination (SD) groups and states cannot achieve successful bargains over the status of the group and engage in civil war. Conflict prevention entails compromise ... More


Human rights in the EU’s common security and defence policy

Carmen Márquez Carrasco

in The European Union and Human Rights: Law and Policy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198814191
eISBN:
9780191904240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814191.003.0019
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter examines the European Union’s (EU´s) Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and discusses how the EU’s commitment to the promotion and protection of human rights and support to ... More


The Maintenance of International Peace and Security through Prevention of Atrocity Crimes: The Question of Cooperation between the UN and Regional Arrangements

Adama Dieng

in Arcs of Global Justice: Essays in Honour of William A. Schabas

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190272654
eISBN:
9780190272685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190272654.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the role and responsibility of the Security Council to maintain international peace and security through the prevention of atrocity crimes, as reflected in the World Summit ... More


Loyalty and Mixed Agreements

Marcus Klamert

in The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199683123
eISBN:
9780191763182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683123.003.0010
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

In this Chapter, the relationship between the scope of application of supremacy and the role of loyalty is discussed regarding mixed agreements. Case law is analysed as showing loyalty to be an ... More


Introduction: The Puzzle of Corporations, Conflict Prevention, and Conflict Resolution

Molly M. Melin

in The Building and Breaking of Peace: Corporate Activities in Civil War Prevention and Resolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197579367
eISBN:
9780197579398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197579367.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Security Studies

This chapter introduces the central puzzle that motivates the book: why, given the multitude of actors working to prevent and resolve violent conflict, does violence persist? The chapter then ... More


The Building and Breaking of Peace: Corporate Activities in Civil War Prevention and Resolution

Molly M. Melin

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197579367
eISBN:
9780197579398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197579367.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Security Studies

The Building and Breaking of Peace considers the role of corporate firms in building peaceful societies. Examining the corporate motives for peacebuilding and then the implications of these ... More


Northern Kenya: Civil and Uncivil Action under Conditions of State Fragility

Fletcher D. Cox

in Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190056896
eISBN:
9780190056933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056896.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 4 presents a critical microlevel case study of civil action in an underanalyzed conflict in Northern Kenya—the Samburu-Turkana Range War. Evidence from the case indicates that civil and ... More


Conclusion

Richard Caplan

in Measuring Peace: Principles, Practices, and Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198810360
eISBN:
9780191847356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810360.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The concluding chapter returns to the question with which this book opened: can we know if the peace that has been established after a civil war is a stable peace? It reiterates the central finding ... More


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