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Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


Everett and Evidence

Hilary Greaves and Wayne Myrvold

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Much of the evidence for quantum mechanics is statistical in nature. Relative frequency data summarizing the results of repeated experiments is compared to probabilities calculated from the theory; ... More


Objective Bayesianism in Perspective

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

In this chapter we will take stock and consider some questions and applications that merit future attention. In §10.1 we will encounter some questions arising from the topics covered in this book. ... More


Content and Confirmation

Christopher Pincock

in Mathematics and Scientific Representation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757107
eISBN:
9780199932313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757107.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter clarifies two notions which are central to the book: the content of a scientific representation and how we can think of the confirmation of these representations. When mathematics is ... More


Confirmation and Verisimilitude

Stephen Yablo

in Aboutness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144955
eISBN:
9781400845989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144955.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that logical subtraction has a role to play in confirmation theory via the notion of surplus content. Subject matter does, too, via the notion of content-part. Content-part lets ... More


Scientific Knowledge

Philip Kitcher

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Scientific Knowledge,” Philip Kitcher challenges arguments that deny the truth of the theoretical claims of science, and he attempts to discover reasons for endorsing the truth of such claims. He ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

While situating the contribution of the volume within the recent trajectory of philosophy of religion, this chapter highlights the formative role that the notion of probability has exercised on the ... More


Probability in the Everett Picture

David Albert

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews and criticizes various strategies for making sense of quantum-mechanical probability-talk in the context of Everett Picture, with particular attention to recent such strategies ... More


Probability as Gradation of Provability

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the probability as gradation of provability. It is stated that probability is to be viewed as a generalization on the notion of provability. Proof-criteria that are general, ... More


Bayesianism

Brian D. Haig

in The Philosophy of Quantitative Methods: Understanding Statistics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190222055
eISBN:
9780190871734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190222055.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 4 focuses on Bayesian confirmation theory, a formal theory of reasoning based on probability theory. It deals with important, and related, general ideas, such as rationality, confirmation, ... More


Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the third volume of the Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion series. As with the first two volumes, these essays follow the tradition of providing a non-sectarian and non-partisan ... More


How Do Reasons Accrue?

Shyam Nair

in Weighing Reasons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199315192
eISBN:
9780190245580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315192.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are situations where people have multiple reasons to do a certain action, a, that are individually worse than a reason to do another incompatible act. But in some of these cases, the reasons to ... More


Confirming the Less Likely, Discovering the Unknown: Dogmatisms—Surd and Doubly Surd, Natural, Flat and Doubly Flat*

Elia Zardini

in Scepticism and Perceptual Justification

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199658343
eISBN:
9780191760983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658343.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter proposes that, contrary intuitions notwithstanding, dogmatists accept a variety of Moorean arguments as legitimate ways to acquire a justification for their conclusions. The chapter ... More


Lectures on Inductive Logic

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Inductive logic (also known as confirmation theory) seeks to determine the extent to which the premisses of an argument entail its conclusion. This book offers an introduction to the field of ... More


Thinking Ecologically

G. Kelly James

in Becoming Ecological: An Expedition Into Community Psychology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195173796
eISBN:
9780199847631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173796.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Community psychology can potentially illustrate the dynamic interplay between the qualities of people and the attributes of smaller social settings and larger social environments. This requires ... More


Confirmation Theory and the Core of CORNEA

Paul Draper

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Long before skeptical theism was called “skeptical theism,” Stephen Wykstra defended a version of it based on an epistemological principle he called CORNEA. In this chapter, elementary confirmation ... More


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