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The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Stefano Atzeni and Jürgen Meyer-ter-Vehn

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The book is devoted to targets for nuclear fusion by inertial confinement and to the various branches of physics involved. It first discusses fusion reactions and general requirements for fusion ... More


Thermonuclear fusion and confinement

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter introduces inertial confinement fusion (ICF). For comparison, it also presents basic features of magnetic confinement fusion (MCF) and thermonuclear fusion in general. When addressing ... More


Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

C. Michael Roland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book describes the relaxation dynamics of rubbery materials, with the objective of providing a molecular basis for many physical properties. As the term comprises any amorphous, flexible ... More


Rethinking Imprisonment

Richard L. Lippke

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199209125
eISBN:
9780191695766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209125.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Drawing on philosophical arguments, criminological evidence, and the legal literature on prisoners' rights, this book defends a normative theory of imprisonment. Such a theory provides an account of ... More


Idiots by Election

DAVID WRIGHT

in Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum 1847-1901

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246397
eISBN:
9780191715235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246397.003.006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the characteristics of mentally ill patients who successfully navigated through the selection process for confinement in asylums. In England, the Victorian period was marked by ... More


Hydrodynamic stability

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter is devoted to hydrodynamic instabilities. Internal confinement fusion (ICF) capsule implosions are inherently unstable. In particular, the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) developing at ... More


Hohlraum targets

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Hohlraum targets are a special class of ICF targets, in which capsule ablation is driven by the thermal radiation inside a cavity, the so-called hohlraum. In this scheme, the laser or ion beams do ... More


‘Systems of Terror’: The Scenography of Incarceration

David Francis Taylor

in Theatres of Opposition: Empire, Revolution, and Richard Brinsley Sheridan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199642847
eISBN:
9780191738869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642847.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 18th-century Literature

The final chapter looks at the relationship between, on the one hand, scenes of imprisonment in new Gothic dramas staged at Drury Lane in the 1790s and, on the other, the images of incarceration ... More


The Demandingness Objection: Too Demanding, or Not Demanding at All?

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Consequentialism has since its inception faced persistent challenges of excess: it is, critics charge, too demanding, too confining, and too alienating to offer a plausible alternative moral theory. ... More


Inward Migrations: Multiculturalism, Anglicization, and Internal Exile

Patrick Parrinder

in Nation & Novel: The English Novel from its Origins to the Present Day

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264858
eISBN:
9780191698989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264858.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Immigration novels became the most vital form of English fiction in the 20th century. Issues of national self-identification and adoption came to be an important theme of the works of Priestly, Ford, ... More


Conclusion

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter uses the historical account of Victorian science, religion, and ethics as the basis for some brief reflections on philosophical problems and political pitfalls that are in some cases ... More


Solitary Confinement: Lived Experiences and Ethical Implications

David Polizzi

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447337539
eISBN:
9781447337553
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447337539.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Solitary confinement has been used in correctional practice since the very inception of the penitentiary system in the United States. However, by the late 1840’s, it usefulness as a rehabilitative ... More


The Ethics of Total Confinement: A Critique of Madness, Citizenship, and Social Justice

Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot, and Brian G. Sellers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195372212
eISBN:
9780199897247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372212.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This book demonstrates how the forces of captivity and risk management dangerously co-habit justice at the self/society divide. This cohabitation is the power to harm (i.e., to reduce being and to ... More


Spatializing Blackness: Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago

Rashad Shabazz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039645
eISBN:
9780252097737
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039645.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Over 277,000 African Americans migrated to Chicago between 1900 and 1940, an influx unsurpassed in any other northern city. From the start, carceral powers literally and figuratively created a ... More


Statement on Solitary Confinement

Abu Ali Abdur’Rahman

in Death and Other Penalties: Philosophy in a Time of Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823265299
eISBN:
9780823266685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265299.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter presents a testimony against the use of solitary confinement from the perspective of the author who has spent many of his teenage and adult years in solitary. Submitted to the June 2012 ... More


Minimum and Extreme Conditions of Confinement

Richard L. Lippke

in Rethinking Imprisonment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199209125
eISBN:
9780191695766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209125.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter makes the case for minimally restrictive and reasonably humane prison conditions, ones referred to as the ‘minimum conditions of confinement’ (MCC). It contrasts such conditions with ... More


Some closing reflections

David Polizzi

in Solitary Confinement: Lived Experiences and Ethical Implications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447337539
eISBN:
9781447337553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447337539.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Solitary confinement evokes a manner of human torture that does not need to include the actual presence of another individual to inflict this physical or psychological harm. Its sole intent is to ... More


Inmate Mental Health, Solitary Confinement, and Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot, and Brian G. Sellers

in The Ethics of Total Confinement: A Critique of Madness, Citizenship, and Social Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195372212
eISBN:
9780199897247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372212.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter provides background on types of solitary confinement (administrative/disciplinary; short/long-term), reviews the empirical literature on inmate mental health and segregation, and ... More


Sexually Violent Predators, Criminal and Civil Confinement, and Community Re-Entry

Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot, and Brian G. Sellers

in The Ethics of Total Confinement: A Critique of Madness, Citizenship, and Social Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195372212
eISBN:
9780199897247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372212.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter provides background on sexually violent predators (SVPs), reviews the social and behavioural science literature documenting the recidivism effects of confinement, and describes the ... More


Rethinking Total Confinement: Translating Social Theory Into Justice Policy

Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot, and Brian G. Sellers

in The Ethics of Total Confinement: A Critique of Madness, Citizenship, and Social Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195372212
eISBN:
9780199897247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372212.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter explores the relevance of psychological jurisprudence as policy. Specifically, several provisional, though concrete, recommendations for legal reform are presented. These proposals for ... More


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