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Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195315493
eISBN:
9780199865475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Sample size determination is an important and often difficult step in planning an empirical study. From a statistical perspective, sample size depends on the following factors: type of analysis to be ... More


The “Will to Believe”

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Language, by making possible high beliefs, makes possible some control of belief by the believer: wishful thinking. People can decide to accept or reject testimony. This is faith, the acceptance of ... More


Taking Charge: A School-Based Life Skills Program for Adolescent Mothers

Mary Beth Harris and Cynthia Franklin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195172942
eISBN:
9780199893249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172942.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Children and Families

Taking Charge is the first empirically tested program of its kind, designed specifically to improve academic achievement and self-sufficiency for adolescent and teenage mothers, who face ... More


Open Economy Complications

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288144
eISBN:
9780191603884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288143.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter extends the analysis of the previous chapter to an open economy by introducing exchange rate policy; analyzing the complex relationships between exchange rate, fiscal, and monetary ... More


The State as Supplier of Protection

Federico Varese

in The Russian Mafia: Private Protection in a New Market Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297369
eISBN:
9780191600272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829736X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Russian state is examined as a supplier of protection. The chapter first explores how Russian citizens perceive the institutions of authority that are supposed to supply services of protection ... More


The NHS Reforms as a Response to First‐Order Challenges

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Chapters 8 and 9 seek to anchor the analysis of the previous three chapters in a concrete policy context by considering the impact of recent reforms in the field of UK health care. The NHS is the ... More


Second‐Order Challenges: Disenchantment, Disquiet, and Mistrust

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter explores public understanding of and responses to the reform programme in more detail. Analysis of attitude surveys, media discussions, and political debates shows that the NHS remains ... More


 Objections and Replies

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to the following objections against pluralistic relativism: it is unable to explain moral disagreement; it undermines confidence in one’s moral commitments; it makes learning ... More


Political Economy and the Politics of Virtue: US Public Philosophy at Century's End

William A. Galston

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A public philosophy is rooted in, and addressed to, a particular public in a specific historical situation. One of the most important tasks before us is to restore the public’s confidence in ... More


The Economic Performance of Governments

Ian McAllister

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A major conclusion of this book is that there are few consistent trends in popular support for the political community but there is high and perhaps even growing support for democratic values and ... More


Democratic Delegation and Accountability: Cross-national Pattern s

Torbjörn Bergman, Wolfgang C. Müller, Kaare Strøm, and Magnus Blomgren

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the patterns of delegation and accountability in 17 Western European parliamentary democracies, over the post-war period. It provides information about the links between voters and MPs, ... More


Norway: Virtual Parliamentaris m

Kaare Strøm and Hanne Marthe Narud

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Although some constraints exist on delegation and accountability through the parliamentary chain, Norway is in practice a fairly pure case of parliamentary democracy. Political parties are critical ... More


Canada: Political Careers between Executive Hopes and Constituency Work

David C. Docherty

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Members of the Canadian Parliament today are well-paid political professionals. Still, the most attractive goal of a national political career in Canada is a seat at the cabinet table, because only ... More


Political Efficacy and Trust

Oscar W. Gabriel

in The Impact of Values

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294757
eISBN:
9780191599040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294751.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In public opinion research, only meagre attention has been given to the impact of value orientations on public confidence and trust in the efficacy of the political system. Whereas the implications ... More


Political Performance and Institutional Trust

Arthur Miller and Ola Listhaug

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Previous chapters have demonstrated that low and declining citizen respect for government institutions and political leaders is characteristic of contemporary industrialized societies. Evidence since ... More


Institutional Explanations for Political Support

Pippa Norris

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Substantial cross‐national variations have been demonstrated in political support/institutional confidence; the aim of this chapter is to investigate why these major differences between countries ... More


Postmodernization Erodes Respect for Authority, But Increases Support for Democracy

Ronald Inglehart

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Presents an analysis of the reasons for the post‐modern shift to declining respect for/deference to authority among the publics of advanced industrial societies, and of the accompanying growing ... More


Conclusions: The Growth of Critical Citizens and Its Consequences

Pippa Norris

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter considers four common claims that are made concerning the consequences of any erosion of confidence in the institutions of representative democracy and. the growth of critical ... More


Confidence in Political and Private Institutions

Ola Listhaug and Matti Wiberg

in Citizens and the State

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294733
eISBN:
9780191599699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294735.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines patterns in public confidence in the major institutions of Western Europe during the decade of the 1980s. It first addresses some conceptual and theoretical issues about the measurement of ... More


Support for the Democratic System

Dieter Fuchs, Giovanna Guidorossi, and Palle Svensson

in Citizens and the State

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294733
eISBN:
9780191599699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294735.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Presents an empirical test of the hypothesis that support for the democratic system is in decline, based on the Eurobarometer indicator of public satisfaction with democratic function. It begins with ... More


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